Glossary of Academic Terms

The University of Manitoba is currently undertaking a review of its academic policies and procedures.  As part of this review process, the university will be re-visiting definitions of academic terminology.  Accordingly, the academic definitions found below have all been considered through the Senate review process.  Please continue to check back to this page for updates as definitions are added following Senate review.

Glossary of Terms

Advanced Standing: the acknowledgement of academic achievement for the purpose of admission or program progression, based on work completed outside the current program of study, or from another post-secondary institution. See also: Credit Recognition.

Articulation agreements: University of Manitoba Senate approved bilateral or multi-lateral agreements between the University of Manitoba and other recognized post-secondary institutions that define the terms and conditions for consideration of admission and recognition of prior learning within the context of specific programs or credentials.  Upon successful admission, students may receive established credit within a program at the University of Manitoba which shortens the path to the credential (typically a three-year or four year-degree) which is ultimately sought.

Recognition of prior academic achievement may be in the form of University of Manitoba advanced standing or credit recognition, (see definitions for Advanced Standing and Credit Recognition), reducing the total credit hours required for credential completion.  This credit would be based on either: (a) an earned credential (for example a one-year or two-year certificate or diploma), or (b) an approved program of study at the partner institution.

Block Credit: a form of Credit Recognition where a block of credit is awarded based on the successful completion of a recognized post-secondary credential, or approved grouping of courses.  See also: Advanced Standing, Equivalent Course Credit, General (unallocated) Credit and Notation of Exemption.

Certificate: a structured program of studies consisting primarily of non-degree credit courses equivalent to a minimum of 180 instructional contact hours and a maximum of 400 instructional contact hours (average 1 year). A certificate is a stand alone program. Applicants must meet university entrance requirements for entry into the program.

Concentration: a declared focus or specialization, typically 18 credit hours at the undergraduate level, within the student's major field of study. Consistent with a major, it is expected to have coherence and increasing specialization.  Students must meet university entrance requirements for entry into the program.

Credit Recognition: the formal expression of advanced standing on the official transcript, based on established articulation agreements or course-by-course review.  Credit recognition may be in the form of Equivalent Course Credit, General (unallocated) Credit, Block Credit and/or Notation of ExemptionSee also: Advanced Standing.

Degree Program: a discrete, structured and sequenced set of courses and requirements that a student must complete in order to obtain a specific degree or other recognized credential (e.g. diploma, post-graduate diploma) at the undergraduate or graduate level. A degree program may also be referred to as a major program.

Diploma: a structured program of studies consisting primarily of degree credit courses equivalent to a minimum of 24 credit hours and a maximum of 60 credit hours.  It may included non-degree related courses (maximum is the equivalent of 15 credit hours, but cannot exceed in total more than the equivalent of 60 credit hours).  The diploma is a stand alone program.  Applicants must meet university entrance requirements for entry into the program.

Equivalent Course Credit: a form of Credit Recognition where credit is awarded direct equivalency to course offerings at the University of Manitoba based on a determination of sufficient overlap in course learning outcomes.  Equivalent course credit may be used in lieu of University of Manitoba course offerings to fulfil prerequisite and program requirements.  See also: Advanced Standing, Block Credit, General (unallocated) Credit and Notation of Exemption.

General (unallocated) Credit: a form of Credit Recognition where sufficient overlap in course learning outcomes cannot be established based on course assessment.  General (unallocated) credit may be used to meet general subject area or program requirements, but typically cannot be used in lieu of University of Manitoba course offerings to fulfil specific prerequisite and program requirements without individual approval by either the program of study, or by the department or unit responsible for assessment.  See alsoAdvanced Standing, Block Credit, Equivalent Course Credit and Notation of Exemption. 

Graduate Diploma: a structured program of studies consisting primarily of graduate courses equivalent to a minimum of 18 credit hours and a maximum of 30 credit hours.  A graduate program may (1) be a stand alone program or (2) be in conjunction with a graduate degree (12 credit hours of which must be in addition to other degree requirements to a maximum of 30 credit hours).  Applicants must hold a degree in a related field and meet the normal graduate studies admission requirements for entrance to the program.

Joint Programs (external): University of Manitoba Senate approved bi-lateral or multi-lateral agreements between the University of Manitoba and other recognized post-secondary institutions that lead to credential, or multiple-credentials, based on a prescribed set of course requirements offered collaboratively between the institutions.

Major program: see Degree Program.

Minor: a declared secondary field of study or specialization at the undergraduate level, typically 18 credit hours and independent of the student's major area of specialization. Consistent with a major, it is expected to have coherence and increasing sophistication as the program progresses. Minors can be exclusive to a major or degree program or can be available across faculties and disciplines.

Notation of Exemption: a form of Credit Recognition where there is recognition of the successful completion of prior post-secondary coursework without individual credit applied directly to the student record.  Instead, individual courses or program requirements may be approved for exemption, and a notation placed on the official transcript, based on existing course assessments or program approval.  See also: Advanced Standing, Block Credit, Equivalent Course Credit and General (unallocated) Credit.

Post Baccalaureate Certificate: a structured program of studies consisting of non-degree credit courses equivalent to a minimum of 180 instructional contact hours and a maximum of 400 instructional contact hours (average of 1 year).  The post baccalaureate certificate is a stand alone program.  Applicants must hold a degree in a related field for entrance into the program.

Post Baccalaureate Diploma: a structured program of studies consisting primarily of degree credit courses equivalent to a minimum of 24 credit hours and a maximum of 60 credit hours. It may include non-degree related courses (maximum is the equivalent of 15 credit hours, but cannot exceed in total more than the equivalent of 60 credit hours). The post baccalaureate diploma is a stand alone program.  Applicants must hold a degree in a related field for entrance into the program.

Short Courses and Programs: programs focusing on professional skills or community enhancement, through educational experiences such as workshops and seminars.