DID YOU KNOW?... Bugs can spread diseases which cannot be prevented or treated. Reduce your risk.
Health Canada and Centers for Disease Control suggest the following guidelines for the prevention of bug bites.
Bugs (including mosquitoes, ticks, and some
flies) can spread diseases (including Zika, dengue, and Lyme disease), many of
which cannot be prevented or treated with a vaccine or medicine. Reduce your
risk by taking steps to prevent bug bites. See below for special instructions
to protect babies, children, and pregnant women.
Use Health Canada or Environmental Protection Agency, registered insect repellents that contain at least 20% DEET (Off! Deep Woods) for protection against mosquitoes, ticks, and other bugs. Other repellents protect against mosquitoes but may not be effective against ticks or other bugs:
When using insect repellent, follow the instructions on the package and reapply as directed:
Consider using clothing and gear (such as boots, pants, socks, and tents) that are treated with (an insecticide). You can buy pre-treated clothes or treat your own clothes. If treating items yourself, follow instructions carefully. Do not use permethrin directly on skin.
Cover Exposed Skin
As much as possible, wear long-sleeved shirts, long pants, socks, and a hat. Tuck your shirt into your pants, and tuck your pants into your socks for maximum protection. Some bugs, such as tsetse flies, can bite through thin fabric.
Avoid Bugs Where You Are Staying
Choose hotel rooms or other accommodations
that are air conditioned or have good window and door screens so bugs can’t get
inside. If bugs can get into where you are sleeping, sleep under a
permethrin-treated bed net that can be tucked under the mattress. When
outdoors, use area repellents (such as mosquito coils) containing metofluthrin
Traveling with Children
Follow instructions for applying repellent on children:
• Do not use insect repellents on babies younger than 2 months old.
• Do not use products containing Oil of lemon eucalyptus (OLE) or para-menthane-diol (PMD) on children younger than 3 years old.
• Children should not touch repellent. Adults should apply it to their hands and gently spread it over the child’s exposed skin.
• Do not apply repellent to children’s hands because they tend to put their hands in their mouths.
• Keep repellent out of the reach of children.
For babies under 2 months old, protect them by draping mosquito netting over their carrier or car seat. Netting should have an elastic edge for a tight fit.
Some infections, including Zika, can spread
from a pregnant woman to her fetus, so pregnant women should strictly follow
steps to prevent mosquito bites while traveling. In the case of Zika, because
infection in a pregnant woman is linked to serious birth defects and
miscarriage, CDC and Health Canada recommend that pregnant women not travel to areas with Zika outbreaks(https://wwwnc.cdc.gov/travel/page/zika-travel-information).