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MODULE 6:

THE WOLSELEY EXPEDITION TRAVELS TO FORT GARRY IN 1870


Click here for a definition of the Metis people

The Prime Minister of Canada decided to send Canadian troops to Fort Garry (now Winnipeg) in 1870 to fight Louis Riel and the Metis. The soldiers were under the leadership of Colonel Garnett Wolseley. This was called the Wolseley Expedition. Many groups of soldiers were sent west at different times.

Colonel Garnett Wolseley
Soldiers

A Canadian man named Josiah Bell volunteered to make the trip with one of the last groups of soldiers. On the trip he kept a daily diary where he wrote down the things he wanted to remember. He also made drawings of the trip. Later he had these drawings put on to pieces of glass. These were called lantern slides and could be shown to people with a Lantern Slide Projector when he returned to the east. Both his diary and his drawings help us to know how people travelled to Fort Garry from the east in those early days. In those days there were no highways or paved roads to get to Fort Garry. Mostly the people travelled on streams, rivers and lakes. There were no signs to tell them where to go. They needed people who had travelled there before to help them find their way.

View image of lantern slide projector.

The Trip

Louis Riel and Colonel Wolseley