Anthony M. Kaufmann & Mitesh Patel
Centre for Cranial Nerve Disorders,
University of Manitoba, Health Sciences Centre
Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada

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Table of Contents

Part One: Characteristics and Causes of Trigeminal Neuralgia
   I.  An Overview of Trigeminal Neuralgia (Tic Douloureux)
   II. Anatomy of the Trigeminal Nerve
   III. Types of Trigeminal Neuralgia and Their Causes
       A. Introduction
       B. Typical Trigeminal Neuralgia
       C. Atypical Trigeminal Neuralgia
       D. Pre-Trigeminal Neuralgia
       E. Multiple-Sclerosis-Related Trigeminal Neuralgia
       F. Secondary or Tumor Related Trigeminal Neuralgia
       G. Trigeminal Neuropathy or Post-Traumatic Trigeminal Neuralgia
       H. "Failed" Trigeminal Neuralgia

Part Two: Treatment of Trigeminal Neuralgia
   I. Overview of Treatments
   II. Medications
       A. Introduction
       B. Carbamazepine (Tegretol®)
       C. Phenytoin (Dilantin®)
       D. Baclophen (Lioresal®)

       E. Gabapentin (Neurontin®)

       F. Trileptal (Oxycarbazepine®)

   III. Surgery
       A. Overview
       B. Microvascular Decompression Surgery
       C. Nerve Injury/Destructive Procedures (Rhizotomies)
    1. Introduction
           2. Types of Rhizotomies
               a. Percutaneous Glycerol Rhizotomy
               b. Percutaneous Balloon Compression Rhizotomy
               c. Radiofrequency Rhizotomy
               d. Stereotactic Radiosurgery (Gamma Knife)
               e. Peripheral Trigeminal Nerve Blocks, Sectioning and Avulsions
                f. Microsurgical Rhizotomy

Correspondence may be addressed to:

Anthony M. Kaufmann, MD, BSc(Med), MSc, FRCSC
Associate Professor, Section of Neurosurgery
Director, Centre For Cranial Nerve Disorders, Winnipeg

GB137 Health Sciences Centre
820 Sherbrook Street
Winnipeg, MB   R3A 1R9
Tel: (204) 787-7263
Fax: (204) 787-3851


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Prepared by A. M. Kaufmann & M. Patel
© 2001 Centre for Cranial Nerve Disorders, Winnipeg, University of Manitoba, Health Sciences Centre. The information provided on this web-site is intended for educational purposes only, and should not be used to diagnose or treat a disease or disorder. This information is not intended to substitute, supplement, or in any way qualify the services or advice provided by a qualified health care professional. Please consult with a certified health care professional before pursuing any form of medical action. Duplication in any part or form of this document is strictly prohibited. All rights reserved. For further information please read our disclaimer. Web-Site related inquiries can be directed to the Information Provider.