CM Archive
CM Archive Book Review line

Edited by Robert Clarke and Richard Swift.

Toronto, University of Toronto Press, c1982.
313pp, paper, $35.00 (cloth), $14.95 (paper).
ISBN 0-8020-5574-5 (cloth), 0-8020-6471-1 (paper).

Grades 12 and up.
Reviewed by Algis Tribinevicius.

Volume 10 Number 4.
1982 November.

This is the third book in a series called Perspectives on Underdevelopment, published by the Development Education Centre. It consists of five essays, three by staff members, one by a member of the Latin-American Working Group and the fifth by a fellow of the Institute for Policy Studies in Washington. The Development Education Centre is a Toronto-based collective engaged hi research and educational work on third world and development issues.

Each of the essays examines an aspect of the politics and economics that promote and support inequality and poverty in the modern world. The first essay looks at the terms on which most Canadians receive news of the Third World and points out some of the biases and limits of our information sources. The second essay, "The North-South Debate," examines the Brandt Commission's report and criticizes it for upholding an unequal global system. The third essay looks at the workings of transnational corporations and their Canadian links. The fourth is about Canada's foreign aid program. It argues that our present policy is based on a Victorian notion of charity, and that for international reform to occur, it must be replaced by a concept of solidarity between peoples of the North and South. The last essay deals with militarism and underdevelopment. It ties in Canada's role in exporting arms and other military systems to the Third World.

The essays are amply footnoted and supported with tables of statistics. Carlos Freire has illustrated many pages with black-and-white political cartoons. There is an appendix containing the complete text of the Arusha Initiative, which came out of the South-North Conference on "The International Monetary System and the New Economic Order," held in Tanzania in 1980. The second appendix contains a selected bibliography of books and periodicals for further reading.

The book is a useful tool for researching current development issues and can be used by senior high school and university students. It is a good reference for readers of the modern press as it helps the reader to think "between the lines."

Algis Tribinevicius, Tehkummah, ON.
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