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Marcel Risi.

Ottawa, Science Council of Canada, c1982.
Distributed by Science Council of Canada, 100 Metcalfe St., Ottawa, ON, K1P5M1.
61pp, paper, free.
ISBN 0-662-12246-1.

Reviewed by Joanna Gerdung.

Volume 11 Number 3.
1983 May.

Marcel Risi is the marketing director of the Centre de recherche industrielle du Québec. In this discussion paper, he explores the need for an end to education as "a mosaic of structural disciplines." He proposes, as an alternative, the macro-scole, the "teaching crossroads of all disciplines." Risi's aim is not to explain but to explore, to suggest rather than define, and to observe rather than debate.

Risi feels that innovation is poorly presented in science teaching. He wonders how can people educated in a linear, binary, segmented, or disembodied system, develop integrated thought processes and judgement that take a variety of factors into account. He attempts to imagine the future, at least as far as technology and its implications for daily life are concerned. Energy, the environment, and biotechnology are the three main areas of change that, coupled with the psychological revolution, alter the way individual tasks fit into the overall scheme of things. Knowledge acquired in schools is quickly becoming obsolete and a new system of schooling becomes necessary.

One of the alternatives Risi suggests would use computers to teach students a decision-making process to deal with real life situations, how to propose, not a single solution, but a number of effective solutions to a given problem. A conclusion is against the spirit of the crossroads dialogue, therefore none is given. In the macroscole scenario, people will emphasize human relationships on the one hand, and, on the other, the relationship between individuals and their natural environment.

Ecotechnology will encourage the recycling of energy and raw materials. It will result in more lasting products, and revitalize the crafts industry. Ecotech-nology's two goals will be to meet human needs more effectively and to make better use of nature. Ecoeducation will allow people to be educated at their own speed. It will reject the disciplinary approach to education and will unite the physical and human sciences. Risi does not offer any solutions to the problem of education in the future, rather he explores issues and leaves readers to use their own imagination. The appendix includes a "Profile of the Creative Individual and Techniques for Stimulating Creativity."

The Science Council papers are working documents made available to groups and individuals for their comment. This paper will be useful as a basis for discussion on the future of science education.

Joanna Gerdung, Trochu Valley H. S., Trochu, AB.
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