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Brand, Dionne and Krisantha Sri Bhaggiyadatta.

Toronto, Cross Cultural Communication Centre, c1986. 192pp, paper, $11.00, ISBN 0-9691060-6-8. Distributed by Cross Cultural Communication Centre, 965 Bloor St. West, Toronto, Ont., M6H 1L7. CIP

Grades 9 and up
Reviewed by Lillian M. Turner

Volume 15 Number 1
1987 January

Dionne Brand, born in the Caribbean, has made her home in Toronto for the past fifteen years, as has her co-author Krisantha Sri Bhaggiyadatta, a native of Sri Lanka. Both are writers, poets, and immigrant community activists. Brand has published five books of poetry and her work appears in various anthologies. She is currently working on a book about black women in Toronto. Sri Bhaggiyadatta has two books of poetry to his credit, and is a teacher of English in the workplace, where he is also a leader in the struggle against racism.

Rivers nave Sources is an oral record of racism experienced in employment, the educational system, and everyday life, selected from over one hundred interviews with people from Native, Black, Chinese, and South African communities. In the chapter, "Culture of Everyday," the authors attempt to explain racism in institutional relationships: education, police, medicine, media, etc. They deal at length with the two institutions which most affect non-white people: the department of immigration and Multiculturalism Canada. Many examples are cited to support claims of racism. Other detailed sections deal with childhood and work. Names are not given in the personal experiences,- except in cases of public record, such as strikes and court cases.

The book closes with the plea for non-whites to organize so that a strong unified voice can fight racism in unions and the community at large, from stances of both individual encounters and political action. No direction, however, is given concerning organizations where someone suffering from racism may expect to find help.

Rivers Have Sources will be of interest to those concerned with race relations in the Canadian context and will be a useful resource for secondary school libraries for courses in industrial relations, people in society, and sociology courses in general.

Lillian M. Turner, York Memorial C.I., Toronto, Ont.
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