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Clement, Wallace.

Toronto, McClelland and Stewart, c1986. 219pp, paper, ISBN 0-7710-2158-5.CIP

Grades 12 and up
Reviewed by John D. Crawford

Volume 15 Number 3
1987 May

This is a scholarly examination of the variety of organizations that have been developed to further the interests of Canadian fishermen. It is more concerned with the sociological than the historical features of these organizations. The analysis contained within its pages focuses upon the organizations themselves, rather than the people who helped in their development. The result is an erudite volume that examines the industry in a dispassionate manner, free from the potential lack of objectivity occasioned when the human characters predominate. Professor Clement prefaces his work by explaining that he seeks to "illuminate the broader processes affecting labour." rather than to provide a detailed study.

The picture presented is a complicated one, in which a variety of patterns of organization emerge. These organizations include unions, co-operatives, and associations, and seem to develop as the result of a multiplicity of factors, some practical and others as a reaction to the complexity of the industry and the role of the fishermen within it. The author succeeds in describing how this complexity is reduced to a working industry struggling, not only to organize, but even to survive.

The book has a set of source notes that contain many references to industry periodicals and newspapers, together with some references from more general works, There is also a comprehensive index. The general organization of the book is excellent, with chapters relating to divisions of geography as well as lime. There is also an explanation of the various methods of fishing contained within the text.

This book is designed for those with a keen interest in the Canadian fishing industry or those who are interested in industrial sociology. The nature of the content is such as to require earnest study and the book is recommended particularly to the student at the university level who seeks enlightenment on the operation of an important Canadian industry in which class perceptions and the inexorable pressure of the profit motive determine the organization of its component parts.

John D. Crawford, Blanshard School, Victoria, B.C.
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