The Relativist Position on Kinship and Biology

In his studies of American kinship (1968), David Schneider advanced the position that kinship was not intrisically based upon biology or necessaritly related to it in any way. Western anthropologists identify the two because of the beliefs and assumptions inherent in their own culture. Other societies base their kinship institutions on alternative frameworks. For a fuller discussion of the issues and controversies surrounding Schneider's work, refer to an on-line book available from the University of Illinois Press:

The Cultural Analysis of Kinship: The Legacy of David Schneider
Edited by Richard Feinberg and Martin Ottenheimer