We will also be studying the events that occur immediately after removing subjects from cold water immersion. The temperature, metabolic, and blood chemistry changes will be monitored in order to better understand the mechanisms for rewarming collapse (rewarming shock) that often occurs after victims are rescued from cold stress.
Finally, we are studying the adaptive responses to sustained exercise in extreme cold environments. Portable data acquisition systems are being developed to measure physiological responses throughout 2-3 week expeditions and pre- and post-expedition measurements are used to indicate the adaptive effects on local and whole body responses to cold stress tests. The portable data acquisition systems have great potential for non-invasively monitoring responses of large groups of people (e.g. during scientific or military operations) in extreme conditions.
The laboratory is equipped with an environmental chamber, immersion tanks, and restraints for tethered swimming. We measure metabolism, heat transfer, and cardiovascular variables, as well as quantify thermoregulatory responses such as sweat rate, shivering, and cutaneous or whole limb blood flow.