posted 24 April 2013
- First Responders assess injuries and illnesses and initiate emergency treatments prior to the arrival of the ambulance.
- They provide the public with prompt and efficient care in times of emergency.
What does this mean in practice?
- The role of the First Aider includes:
- Recognizing the emergency
- Calling emergency medical services
- Acting according to one's training, skills, knowledge, and comfort level.… STAY SAFE!
- Everything you do during the activity, such as wearing the proper safety gear. Follow safe work practices and procedures.
- One of the simplest and most important ways of providing first aid is to call for help…DECIDE TO ACT
First Aider Training Requirements
According to the Workplace Safety and Health Regulation - Part 05 - First Aid
Minimum Requirements: First Aider 1
A person has the qualifications of a first aider 1 if he or she holds a certificate issued by a first aid training provider showing that he or she has successfully completed at least eight hours in first aid training that addresses the following topics:
- the role, function and responsibilities of the first aider;
- emergency scene management;
- patient assessment: primary and secondary survey;
- basic anatomy and physiology, including body systems such as respiratory, circulatory, musculoskeletal, neurological and integumentary;
- obstructed airway and other breathing emergencies;
- cardiovascular emergencies, such as heart attack and stroke;
- control of bleeding, both internal and external;
- signs and symptoms of shock;
- cardiopulmonary resuscitation Χ adult Χ one person rescue;
- trauma and other acute medical situations Χ bone and joint injury, head and spine injury, skin disruption (lacerations and burns) and poisoning;
- general precautions to prevent blood and body fluid exposure;
- infection control.
Minimum Requirements: First Aider 2
A person has the qualifications of a first aider 2 if he or she holds one or more certificates issued by one or more first aid training providers showing that he or she has successfully completed at least 16 hours in the following first aid and cardiopulmonary resuscitation training courses:
A. at least 12 hours in first aid training that addresses the topics required for first aider 1 plus the following additional topics:
- interaction with higher-level trained personnel and medical care agencies,
- ambulance system,
- obstructed airway and other breathing emergencies,
- assessment and monitoring of vital signs,
- respiratory emergencies - respiratory system review, management of airways, airway obstruction and chest injuries,
- circulatory system review - heart attack and stroke,
- bleeding - wounds and control of bleeding and bandaging,
- abdominal injuries - system review by quadrant,
- stabilization - head, spine and pelvis injuries,
- upper and lower extremity injuries,
- medical emergencies - epilepsy, diabetes and drug overdose,
- assessment and treatment of burns,
- eye injury,
- environmental illness and injury - heat, cold and poisonings,
- movement of a casualty - carries;
B. at least four hours in cardiopulmonary resuscitation training that addresses the following topics:
- risk factors,
- signals and actions of heart attack and stroke,
- airway obstruction - prevention, causes and recognition,
- entrance into the emergency medical services system,
- one rescuer cardiopulmonary resuscitation (adult),
- treatment of an adult with an obstructed airway,
- turning of the casualty into the recovery position.