Dr. Marion Lewis:

An Inventory of Her Papers at the University of Manitoba Archives & Special Collections

Inventory prepared by Leah Morton
University of Manitoba Archives & Special Collections
Winnipeg, Manitoba
(July 2003)

Finding aid encoded by Leah Morton (August 2003)
Finding aid written in English.

Revision History

  • July 26, 2005 - A.02-63 MSS 161 PC 168 TC 106 converted from EAD 1.0 to 2002 by v1to02.xsl (sy2003-10-15).


Collection Summary

Repository:
University of Manitoba Archives & Special Collections
Elizabeth Dafoe Library, Winnipeg MB R3T 2N2

Creator:
Dr. Marion Lewis

Title:
Dr. Marion Lewis fonds

Dates:
1944-1996

Quantity:
23 cm textual records. -- 51 photographs. -- 438 slides. -- 30 lantern slides. -- 1 16mm reel-to-reel tape. -- 2 mini audio cassettes.

Identification:
A.02-63 MSS 161 PC 168 TC 106

Language
English.

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Biography of Marion Lewis

Marion Jean Lewis was born in Windsor, Ontario in 1925. In 1943, she graduated from Gordon Bell High School in Winnipeg, Manitoba and went on to train as a medical technician at Winnipeg General Hospital. In 1944, she and Dr. Bruce Chown opened the Rh Laboratory in Winnipeg in order to study and eradicate Rh disease.

In 1940 it was discovered that if a mother is Rh negative and her fetus is Rh positive, the mother’s body would react as if the fetus was a foreign substance and, therefore, produce antibodies to attack the baby’s red blood cells. This led to jaundice, severe anemia, and often death. Dr. Chown, a pediatric pathologist, was intrigued by this disease and after securing a National Research Council Grant, hired Marion Lewis.

The work at the Rh Lab was not easy. They were initially involved in testing the blood of all pregnant women in Manitoba and needed to be in attendance for the births of all babies whose mothers were Rh negative. This work often included performing autopsies on the babies, and by 1950, Lewis was ready to take a break from it. In 1950-51, Lewis spent four months at an Italian university studying the Italian language and culture. She then spent another three months studying in London under world-renowned ‘blood groupers’ Dr. Robert Race and Dr. Ruth Sanger. In 1951, she returned to Winnipeg and the Rh lab.

Drs. Lewis and Chown also set up a number of ‘ethnic studies’ regarding the distribution of blood group genes. Between 1952 and 1960, they made annual trips into the field, testing the blood of many Aboriginal groups including the Blackfoot, Blood and Cree. They also tested Inuit people at Coppermine, Southampton Island and a variety of other places. Lewis also participated in blood group studies of other communities, including Hutterites in Manitoba.

While Dr. Chown retired in 1977, Dr. Lewis continued on in the field of blood group gene mapping and eventually branched out into the field of genetics. She and her colleagues at the Rh Laboratory, including Hiroko Kaita, became internationally renowned for their work.

Dr. Lewis also taught at the University of Manitoba. Even though she only possessed a Bachelor of Arts degree, her experience and expertise allowed her to rise through the ranks. From 1973 to 1977, Lewis was Assistant Professor, Department of Pediatrics in the Faculty of Medicine at the University of Manitoba. In 1977 she was promoted to Associate Professor. In 1984, she was promoted to full Professor in the Department of Pediatrics, and two years later became a Professor in the Department of Human Genetics. Over the years, Dr. Lewis authored, or coauthored, over 100 articles.

Throughout her career, Dr. Lewis has been given a number of awards and honours. In 1971, she was awarded the Karl Landsteiner Memorial Award by the American Association of Blood Banks (AABB) and in 1986, the Teddy Award for Research from the Children’s Hospital in Winnipeg. In 1986, she received an honourary D.Sc from the University of Winnipeg and in 1993 was named a Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada (Academy of Science). In 1995 she was given the Emily Cooley Memorial Award by the AABB and in 1996 named Professor Emerita by the University of Manitoba.

Dr. Marion Lewis continues to reside in Winnipeg.

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Scope and Contents of the Papers

Fonds consist of seven series. The first series, personal, consists of Marion Lewis’ curriculum vitae. The CV is very detailed and contains a full bibliography of her work.

The second series, Correspondence, is divided into 4 sub-series. The first sub-series is comprised of various professional and work related correspondence, both incoming and outgoing, created during the years 1944-1996. Overall, this correspondence is organized chronologically; however, correspondence with a few select individuals had originally been grouped together and this original order has been maintained. The correspondence in this series revolves mainly around blood grouping work.

The next 3 sub-series revolve around correspondence generated due to an international group Lewis was a part of for many years, the International Society of Blood Transfusion (ISBT). In the late 1970s, the ISBT put together the ISBT Working Party on the Terminology of Red Cell Surface Antigens to develop guidelines for the standardization of blood group nomenclature. Its first meeting was in 1980 and Lewis became the Chairman of one of the ISBT Working Party’s subcommittees – the subcommittee on Scianna and Low Incidence. The second sub-series contains correspondence relating to this subcommittee.

From 1983 to 1990, Lewis was the Chairman of the ISBT Working Party on the Terminology of Red Cell Surface Antigens and the third sub-series consists of correspondence related to it. The fourth sub-series is comprised of correspondence relating to an ISBT monograph written by Dr. Lewis.

The third series is comprised of records generated by Dr. Bruce Chown. It is divided into two sub-series; the first being chronologically organized correspondence, and the second being research notes. Much of this series is restricted.

The fourth series is comprised of reprints of over 140 published articles authored or coauthored by Dr. Lewis.

The fifth series consists of unpublished articles and lectures given by Dr. Lewis throughout her career. These have also been arranged chronologically.

The sixth series consists of research done by Lewis when she worked with Dr. Chown. The series is made up of three sub-series. The first contains research done on the blood groups of Hutterites and includes blood group genealogies. The second contains research on Aboriginal and Inuit blood types and contains blood group genealogies, field notes and lists of individuals. The third sub-series consists of miscellaneous research. This series is restricted.

The seventh series is PC 168 . It consists of photographs, slides and a reel-to-reel tape. Two of the photos are of Dr. Lewis. The rest are photos of individuals whose blood was tested by Lewis and Chown in the 1950s and 60s. Dr. Chown took most of the slides during a research trip to Alaska in 1960. The majority of them are of Alaskan wildflowers. The other slides were used by Dr. Lewis during her lectures and presentations. Dr. Chown used the lantern slides for research purposes in the 1950s and the reel-to-reel tape was used by Dr. Lewis to demonstrate laboratory methods. Some of the photographs are restricted.

The eighth series is TC 106 . It consists of two mini audio cassettes of a speech given by Dr. Lewis.

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Organization of the Papers

This collection is organized into 8 series.

  • Personal, 1996
  • Correspondence, 1951 -1995
  • Dr. Bruce Chown's Records, 1944-1974
  • Published Articles, 1945-1995
  • Unpublished Articles and Lectures, 1957-1996
  • Research, 1945-1992
  • Photograph Collection (PC 168)
  • Tape Collection (TC 106), 1980

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Arrangement of the Papers

This collection is arranged based on the original order of the creator.

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Restrictions on Access

Some of the material in this collection has been designated as restricted. The records in boxes 7, 8, 9 and 10 are restricted. All references should be made to the University of Manitoba Archives & Special Collections.

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Restrictions on Use

Users must abide by relevant copyright legislation.

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Related Papers

Other records related to the Rh Lab and the research done by Drs. Lewis and Chown can be found in the Bruce Chown fonds -- MSS 17.

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Custodial History

Dr. Lewis donated the records to the Archives & Special Collections in 2002.

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Detailed Description of the Collection

Personal, 1996
BoxFolder
11 Curriculum Vitae, 1996

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Correspondence, 1951-1996
BoxFolder
a) General Correspondence
BoxFolder
12 1951-1959
3 1960-1962
4 1963-1964
5 1965-1966
6 1967-1969
7 1970-1973
8 1973-1974
9 1975-1976
10 1971-1982
11 1976-1980
BoxFolder
21 1978-1985
2 1982-1984
3 1983-1987
4 1986-1987
5 1988-1989
6 1988-1992
7 1994-1996
8 Correspondence with Dr. Fred Allen Jr., 957-1987
9 Correspondence with Dr. Carolyn Giles, 1964-1977
10 Correspondence with Dr. Phyllis Moores, 1978-1992
11 Correspondence with Dr. Gilbert Cote, 1973-1975
BoxFolder
31 Correspondence with Dr. Gilbert Cote, 1976-1977
2 Correspondence with Dr. Gilbert Cote, 1978-1984
3 Correspondence with Dr. Z. Calkovska, 1975-1989
4 Correspondence with Dr. Irene Uchida, 1957-1959

(includes Dr. Uchida's C.V.)

b) Correspondence re: Subcommittee on Scianna and Low Incidence Antigens
BoxFolder
35 1980-1981
6 1981-1982
c) Correspondence re: International Society of Blood Transfusion (ISBT) Working Party on the Terminology of Red Cell Surface Antigens
BoxFolder
37 1979-1980
8 1982
9 1982-1983
10 1983-1984
11 1984
12 1984-1985
13 1985
BoxFolder
41 1984-1986
2 1986-1987
3 1988-1989
4 1990
5 1991
6 1992-1995
d) Correspondence re: ISBT Monograph on Terminology of Red Cell Surface Antigens
BoxFolder
48 1988-1990
9 1989
10 1989
11 1988-1989
12 1989
13 1989
14 1988-1989

(questionnaires)

15 1989

(questionnaires)

16 Draft of Monograph, 1989
17 Memos and final draft of Monograph, 1989
e) Correspondence - Restricted
BoxFolder
78 1973-1975

Restricted

9 1977-1978

Restricted

10 1980, 1983

Restricted

11 1985

Restricted

12 1985

Restricted

13 1965-1986

Restricted

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Dr. Chown's Records, 1944-1974
a) Dr. Chown - Correspondence
BoxFolder
51 1946-1958
2 1956-1967
3 1970-1974
b) Dr. Chown - Research
BoxFolder
54 Research Grants, 1945-1949
5 Research Grants, 1952-1958
6 Notes and Rough Draft of "The Fetus can Bleed", [195-]
BoxFolder
"The Fetus Can Bleed" reprint from the American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 1955
BoxFolder
57 Minutes from the Defense Research Board Panel on Blood Transfusion and Preservation, 1955
BoxFolder
Minutes from the Western Canada Clinical Rh Prevention Meeting, 1966
c) Dr. Chown - Restricted Records
BoxFolder
71 Correspondence, 1953-1956

Restricted

2 Correspondence, 1963-1968

Restricted

3 Correspondence, 1972-1974

Restricted

4 Incomplete Lecture and Research Notes, [195-]

(contains patient histories) Restricted

5 Correspondence, Research and Patient Files, 1959 Restricted
6 Correspondence, 1973-1974

Restricted

7 Research Notes, [ 196-]

Restricted

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Published Articles, 1945-1995
BoxFolder
58 1946-1956
9 1957-1961
10 1962-1965
11 1965-1971
12 1971-1974
13 1974-1977
BoxFolder
61 1977-1980
2 1981-1988
3 1988-1995

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Unpublished Articles and Speeches, 1957-1996
BoxFolder
64 [195-] - 1957
5 1963-[197-]
6 1972
7 [197-] - 1978
8 1980-1981
9 1981-1983
10 1970
11 [198-] - 1986
12 1987
13 [198-]-1989
14 1990-1992
15 1995-1996

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Research, 1944-1992
BoxFolder
a) Hutterite Research
BoxFolder
714 Research and Blood Group Genealogies, [198-]

Restricted

BoxFolder
81 Computer Printouts, 1988-1992

Restricted

2 Computer Printouts, 1991

Restricted

b) Aboriginal and and Inuit Blood Groups
BoxFolder
83 Aboriginal Blood Group Lists, 1945

Restricted

4 Research Correspondence, 1958, 1973

Restricted

5 Blood Group Genealogies, [195-]

Restricted

6 Aboriginal Blood Group Genealogies, [195-]

Restricted

7 Correspondence re: Aboriginal Blood Groups, 1955

Restricted

8 Correspondence re: Aboriginal Blood Group Research, 1952

Restricted

9 Aboriginal Blood Group Research, 1961

Restricted

10 Field Notebook, 1958-1961

Restricted

11 Field Notebook, 1958

Restricted

12 Field Notebook, 1958

Restricted

13 Inuit Blood Group Genealogies and Research Notes 1958

Restricted

14 Inuit Blood Group Genealogy, [195-]

Restricted

15 Inuit Blood Group Genealogies, [195-]

Restricted

16 Inuit Blood Group Genealogies, [195-]

Restricted

17 Inuit Blood Group Study, 1959

Restricted

18 Inuit Blood Group Study Research, [195-]

Restricted

BoxFolder
91 Inuit Blood Group Genealogies - Coppermine, [195-]

Restricted

2 Inuit Blood Group Genealogies, [195-]

Restricted

3 Southampton Island Inuit Genealogies, [195-]

Restricted

4 Coppermine Blood Group Genealogies, 1958

(rolled)

Restricted

5 Coppermine Blood Group Genealogy 1958

(rolled)

Restricted

6 "Inheritance of Cde and Comparison [Aboriginals] vs Whites", 1955

(rolled)

Restricted

c) General Research
BoxFolder
101 Rh Research Notes, 1944-1945

Restricted

2 Notebook "Rh Reports", 1947

Restricted

3 Notebook "Children's Hospital", 1945-1946

Restricted

4 Workbook, 1945-1946

Restricted

5 Notebook, 1944-1945

Restricted

6 Blood Group Research, [195-]

(rolled)

Restricted

7 Medical Research Council Grant Applications, 1975-1980

Restricted

8 Misc. Research Notes, [198-]

Restricted

9 Research on Twin Study, 1978

(includes correspondence) Restricted

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Photograph Collection PC 168
BoxFolder
1010 Inuit Blood Group Genealogy Pictures of Individuals, [195-]

19 photos

Restricted

11 Georgia Goa Study: Pictures of Subjects, 1968

30 photos

Restricted

BoxFolder
111 Photo of Two Unidentified Inuit People, [195-]
2 Photo of Dr. Marion Lewis, 1986
3 Photo of Dr. Marion Lewis, 1971
4 Dr. Bruce Chown's Alaskan Wildflower Slides, 1960

Slides are in binder. Original slide lists are in folder 4.

5 Dr. Lewis' slides from various presentations. [1960-1980]

Slides are in binder.

BoxFolder
121 Dr. Chown's Lantern Slides re: Rh Research [ 195-]

30 slides

2 Film of Hiroko Kaita performing capillary tests, 1957, 1978

16 mm reel-to-reel tape

(in poor condition)

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Tape Collection TC 106
BoxFolder
131 Speech on Null Phenotypes, 1980

2 mini audio cassette tapes

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