Frederick Philip Grove:

An Inventory of His Papers at the University of Manitoba Archives & Special Collections

Inventory prepared by Deborah Raths
University of Manitoba Archives & Special Collections
Winnipeg, Manitoba
(October 1979)

Finding aid encoded by Brett Lougheed (March 2002)
Finding aid written in English.

Revision History

  • July 26, 2005 - MSS 2, PC 2, MF 2, MF 3 converted from EAD 1.0 to 2002 by v1to02.xsl (sy2003-10-15).

Table of Contents

Collection Summary

Biography of Frederick Philip Grove

Scope and Contents of the Papers

Organization of the Papers

Arrangement of the Papers

Restrictions on Use

Related Papers

Detailed Description of the Collection

Correspondence, 1913-1962

Published Books and Novels, 1927-1933, some n.d.

Unpublished Books and Novels, n.d.

Published Short Stories, n.d.

Unpublished Short Stories, 1926, some n.d.

Additional Manuscript Notes, 1926, 1941, some n.d.

Poems

Published Articles

Unpublished Articles 1932-1940

Newspaper Clippings (about Grove), 1922-1973

Financial Records 1932-1947

Biographical Material, 1913-1973

Published Articles / Essays on Grove and Canadian Literature, 1925-1974

Unpublished Essays / Radio Broadcasts on Grove, 1947, 1976, some n.d.

Reviews of Articles / Books on Grove 1945-1976

Miscellaneous Publications, 1979

Photograph Collection, 1906-1974

Microfilm Collection (MF 2)

Microfilm Collection (MF 3)


Collection Summary

Repository:
University of Manitoba Archives & Special Collections
Winnipeg, Manitoba

Creator:
Frederick Philip Grove

Title:
Frederick Philip Grove fonds

Dates:
1913-1979

Quantity:
3.6 m of textual records. -- 165 photographs. -- 14 microfilm reels.

Identification:
MSS 2, PC 2, MF 2, MF 3

Language
English.

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Biography of Frederick Philip Grove

Frederick Philip Grove is one of the most important and debatable novelists in Canadian literature. An intriguing aspect of this man is the mystery surrounding his origins. Grove kept secret his life prior to his arrival in Winnipeg, Manitoba in December 1912. Where he came from, who he was, what he did and why he left may never be absolutely known. However, a number of scholars have come to believe that Grove’s original name was Felix Paul Greve.1 Many aspects of this man’s life tie in with Grove’s, many do not. In accordance with increasing academic support in favor of Paul Greve and Frederick Philip Grove being the same individual, this thesis has been accepted in the present context.

In all likelihood, Frederick Philip Grove was born February 14, 1879 at Radomno, on the Polish-Prussian border. He studied at Bonn University in 1898 and sometime between 1909 and 1912 immigrated to North America. An important element of Grove’s life was his role as an educator. He spent many years teaching in various rural communities of Southern Manitoba. From January to June 1913 he taught in the town of Haskett and during the following summer was appointed principal of the Intermediate School in Winkler, where he remained until July 1915. Tena (Catherine) Wiens was a fellow teacher and became Grove’s close friend and confidante. On August 2, 1914 they were married, the bride aged 22, the groom giving his age as 41.

In the next seven years Grove taught in six different schools, as well as pursuing his own academic interests. In September 1915 he enrolled at the University of Manitoba as an extramural student, majoring in French and English. During this time, his daughter Phyllis May was born. Grove did not receive his Bachelor of Arts degree until 1922.

In the summer of 1922 Grove became principal of the high school in Rapid City, Manitoba, and although he suffered from several long-term illnesses, he taught there until 1924.

Two of Grove’s life-long associates were Arthur Leonard Phelps and Watson Kirkconnell, both of whom he first met in March 1923 at a teacher’s convention in Winnipeg. Kirkconnell was his “private library service”, while Phelps provided connections with many influential literary people such as W. A. Deacon, then literary editor of the Toronto Saturday Night, Graham Spry, later executive president of the Canadian Clubs, and Lorne Pierce, editor of Ryerson Press.

Between 1919 and 1929 Grove published twelve books including Over Prairie Trails (1922), The Turn of The Year (1923), Settlers of the Marsh (1925), A Search for America (1927), Our Daily Bread (1928) and It Needs to Be Said (1929). During this same period he also wrote several stories, reviews and articles, and a collection of poems dedicated to his daughter, Phyllis May, who died suddenly on July 20, 1927 at the age of twelve. These poems are highly emotional and portray the intense sorrow suffered by the Groves at this time.

In 1928 Grove conducted two lecture tours sponsored by the Canadian Clubs, one in Ontario (February to April) and the other in the Western provinces (September and November). Grove was a gifted lecturer, not only on literary subjects, but also on education, art, culture, farming, democracy and science. His wide-ranging interests and encyclopedic knowledge are especially evident in the collection of unpublished articles and addresses. Grove became quite popular and his works were well received by the Canadian public.

In September of 1929, just prior to the Depression, Grove left Rapid City, Manitoba and in December moved to Ottawa to join Graphic Publishers. However, due to personal disputes, he left the company in March of 1931 and used the money he had saved from this venture to buy a forty-acre farm in Simcoe, Ontario. Graphic Publishers declared bankruptcy on August 16, 1932. Before the Groves left Ottawa, their son, Arthur Leonard (named after Arthur Phelps), was born August 14, 1931.

While working hard at renovating their large, white frame farm house, the Groves opened the Froebel Kindergarten, whose pupils were members of the Simcoe English Club. Enrollment increased so that by 1935 it included the “first form” (for children age six or seven), plus extra courses in oral French, nature study, home geography, and art. Meanwhile, Grove farmed his land and the family was basically self-sufficient. Grove was realizing his dream of being a gentleman farmer and literary man. However in 1939, because of poor health, he was forced to give up farming. As the Depression persisted, fewer and fewer parents could afford the expense of private school. Accordingly, the school became less selective and began accepting children with serious learning problems. Mrs. Grove was particularly gifted in working with slow learners, and this ability provided her with an income for many years.

But Grove’s health was failing. In April 1944 he suffered a crippling stroke that totally paralyzed his right side. However, his mind remained clear and he continued his reading and writing by dictation. Early in 1944 Pelham Edgar established a fund for the “Canadian Writers Foundation Inc.” and in March Grove was made one of its first three beneficiaries. He received a grant of $100 per month which continued until his death.

The last few years of his life were painful and difficult for Grove; nonetheless he continued to write. In March 1944 he published The Master of the Mill, and in 1946 published his autobiography, In Search of Myself, destined to win the 1947 Governor-General’s award for non-fiction. He also managed to complete the final draft of Consider Her Ways before his final seizure in May 1946.

For most of Grove’s last two years, having lost his speech, his needs were served not only by his wife but by his teenage son, Leonard. After his death on August 19, 1948, Grove’s body was buried beside his daughter Phyllis May, in Rapid City, Manitoba.

Frederick Philip Grove is a key figure in the history of Canadian literature. His outstanding literary achievements and contributions as a writer, teacher, critic, and philosopher are becoming increasingly recognized and appreciated. Much has been written of this man and much more will be written in the years to come because of the power of his writings, their enduring popularity, and because of his own life and personality.

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Scope and Contents of the Papers

The Frederick Philip Grove collection consists of the following: correspondence; published and unpublished novels, short stories, articles and poems; newspaper clippings; financial documents; biographical material and photographs. Much of the collection has also been microfilmed.

About half the correspondence is original; the rest is photocopied from original’s at Queen’s University, the University of Toronto, and elsewhere. Several letters, though not all, have been published in The Letters of Frederick Philip Grove (1976) edited by Desmond Pacey. They generally pertain to the publication of Grove’s various works. Those more personal in nature include the letters of Dr. W. J. Alexander (from the period 1928 to 1929), Watson Kirkconnell (1928 to 1947), Raymond Knister (1929 to 1931), Henry C. Miller (1926 to 1929), Arthur Phelps (1922 to 1926), Lorne Pierce (1925 to 1947), and Carleton Stanley (1928 to 1947). The letters to Warkentin (1913 to 1914) reflect Grove’s first years in Manitoba. The collection also contains many copies of letters which Grove wrote to his wife during his Canadian Clubs lecture tours of 1928 and 1929.

With respect to Grove’s published novels, some of the copybooks are marked “double page sequence”. This refers to Grove’s practice of turning a copybook around when he finished it and continuing back to front, writing on the back side of the pages. Consider Her Ways (1947) was also titled “Go to the Ant, Thou Sluggard” and “Man, His Habits, Social Organization and Outlook”. Included are three manuscript copybooks and two typescripts. “Abe Spalding” was the original title of Fruits of the Earth (1933). A total of fourteen manuscript copybooks reveal Grove’s second, third and fourth drafts of this novel. A copybook headed “The Autobiography” is a partial manuscript of In Search of Myself (1946). The Master of the Mill (1944) is presented in three typescripts, one manuscript volume or ‘publisher’s dummy’, and two sets of manuscript copybooks of the first and second drafts. Our Daily Bread (1928) is written in seven manuscript copybooks, Book I beginning with a chronological list of characters and events. Settlers of the Marsh (1925) was originally written as a three-book series titled “Latter-Day Pioneers”. The titles of the original three books were “The Settlement”, “The White Range-Line House”, and “Male and Female”. Working copies of this novel include three sets of manuscript copybooks and five typescripts. Two Generations (1939) is in two manuscript copybooks and The Yoke of Life (1931), originally titled “Equal Opportunity”, fills four manuscript copybooks. Unfortunately, the draft number of the manuscripts and typescripts is usually not indicated. This collection does not have manuscripts for Over Prairie Trails, The Turn of the Year or A Search for America.

The Grove collection also contains manuscripts and/or typescripts of the following twelve unpublished novels: “Democracy” (or “Peasant Revolt” or “Town and Country”), “Heart’s Desire”, “The Hillside”, “The House of Stone”, “Jane Atkinson”, “The Lean Five”, “Murder in the Quarry”, “The Poet’s Dream. A Romance and its Sequel”, “The Seasons”, “Tales from the Margin”, “The Weatherhead Fortunes. A Story of the Small Town”, and “Wilfred and Barbara”.

The majority of the published short stories are photocopies of magazine or newspaper articles. However, there are original typescripts of the following: “A Christmas in the Canadian Bush”, “A First Night on Canadian Soil”, “Hospitality”, “Lost”, “North of the Fifty-Five”, “The Platinum Watch”, Riders” and “The Flavour of Life” (published as “Traveler Stranded in Rural Wastes”). “The Adventures of Leonard Broadus” is also in manuscript form. Also included are twelve copies of The Canadian Boy, in which this story was serially published. “In Search of Myself” is represented in two offprints. This is actually the introduction to Grove’s published autobiography of the same title.

Of Grove’s unpublished stories, the following are in manuscript form: “Achievement”, “The Debt”, “Maid of All Work”, and “The Two Leaders”. Those in typescript form include: “Alien Enemy”, “Apparition”, “A Beautiful Soul”, “Blackmail”, “Camouflage” (plus two written pages), “the Camp of the Workers”, “Canadianization”, “Death by Spartacus”, “The Extra Man”, “An Eye for an Eye”, “The Finder”, “The First Day of an Immigrant”, “Fog”, “La Grande Passion” (a long short story), “Going After the Cow”, “Herefords in the Wilderness”, “Honey Ants”, “The Last Voyage”, “The Mystery of the Pond”, “Our Betters”, “Providence and the Sandhills”, “Radio Broadcast”, “The Spendthrift”, “The Spinster’s Tale”, “Stubborn Folk”, “The Threshers are Entertained”, “Tobacco”, and two untitled works. There are thirty-four unpublished stories as well as twelve others found in a group of “Additional Manuscript Notebooks”. These include “The Barber”, “The Murderer”, “The Hidden Sun”, “The House of Many Eyes”, “The Green-Eyed Mother”, “The Leader”, “The Principal”, “Hospital Ward”, “Salesmanship” and three untitled stories. These notebooks also contain poems, articles and notes dealing with such diverse topics as literature, science and religion.

The collection of poetry was arranged in a digest of four books. Emotionally charged, these poems are indicative of the grief suffered by Grove and his wife upon the sudden death of their daughter, Phyllis May. All are in typescript; draft numbers are not indicated. All poems are unpublished with the following exceptions: “The Palinode”, “The Dirge” (an excerpt), and “Indian Summer”. There are also several additional poems not included in the above material. Among them, “The Dying Year” is believed to be proof that Frederick Philip Grove was indeed Felix Paul Greve, for it was published by the latter in his book, Wanderungen, of which a photocopy is among the biographical material.

The majority of the published articles are typescripts or offprints and pertain to literature, education and aspects of immigrant life in Canada. Also included are five book reviews written by Grove.

His unpublished articles further reveal Grove’s wide variety of interests and concerns and include such topics as literature, education, art, democracy, farming, urbanization and mechanistic civilization. Several articles are actually typescripts of his addresses and lectures. “Civilization. A Sermon of the Unprofitable Life” is the only article in manuscript form. Other articles found with the “Additional Manuscript Notebooks” are: “Books – Why Read Books”, “The Happy Ending”, “Realism in Literature”, “The Physiological Foundation on Arts”, and “Civilization”. Unfortunately, only a small number of these items are dated.

Newspaper clippings are mainly reviews of Grove’s published novels with a few pertaining to his educational, literary, social activities and achievements, and also his obituary notice.

Perhaps the most interesting article within the Biographical materials is a diary entitled “Thoughts and reflections” found in a manuscript copybook and dating from March 14, 1933 to June 3, 1940. This volume of daily entries reveals Grove’s musings and reflections on a wide variety of topics and issues. Also included are miscellaneous notes; a copy of a newsletter announcing the publication of The Master of the Mill; biographical material for the book jacket of In Search of Myself; an editor’s suggestions pertaining to The Yoke of Life; a copper plate from the original 1939 Ryerson edition of A Search for America; pamphlets published for Grove’s lecture tour with the Association of Canadian Clubs; a photocopy of Wanderungen, by Felix Paul Greve; copies of Grove’s citizenship application and his oath of alegiance; his marriage registration; birth and death notices of Phyllis May Grove; a copy of Grove’s student mark record from the University of Manitoba; a copy of a file from the Department of Education on Frederick and Catherine Grove; four school attendance registers in Grove’s handwriting from 1913, 1913-14, 1919-20 and 1922; rural school board minutes from 1916-18, 1919-22, and 1922-28; records of the English Club in Simcoe (1932); a newsletter and questionnaire from the Canadian Authors’ Association (1947); and a centennial copy of the Red River Valley Echo (1970), which describes the people and places Grove knew during his Manitoba years.

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Organization of the Papers

This collection is organized into 17 series

  • Correspondence, 1913-1962
  • Published Books and Novels, 1927-1933, some n.d.
  • Unpublished Books and Novels, n.d.
  • Published Short Stories, n.d.
  • Unpublished Short Stories, 1926, some n.d.
  • Additional Manuscript Notes, 1926, 1941, some n.d.
  • Poems Published Articles Unpublished Articles 1932-1940
  • Newspaper Clippings (about Grove), 1922-1973
  • Financial Records 1932-1947
  • Biographical Material, 1913-1973
  • Published Articles / Essays on Grove and Canadian Literature, 1925-1974
  • Unpublished Essays / Radio Broadcasts on Grove, 1947, 1976, some n.d.
  • Reviews of Articles / Books on Grove 1945-1976
  • Miscellaneous Publications, 1979
  • Photograph Collection, 1906-1974
  • Microfilm Collection (MF 2)
  • Microfilm Collection (MF 3)

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Arrangement of the Papers

All material has been assigned a box and folder number. If an item has no location number indicated in the right hand columns, it is found in the box and folder last given above. Where two or more copies of a particular document exist, the total number is given in brackets as follows: (2). Photocopies, where indicated, are described “p.c.”; transcript copies “tsc.”.

The collection of correspondence is arranged into three major divisions. First, the correspondence of Frederick Philip Grove has been divided into two parts: regular or rather fully developed incoming and outgoing correspondence and short term correspondence consisting of one or two letters between the parties. Second, the correspondence of his wife, Mrs. Catherine Grove, is also arranged by outgoing and incoming letters. The third section consists of related correspondence, letters written neither to nor by Grove but which are directly related to or are about him.

The novels, short stories and articles by Grove are arranged alphabetically within the divisions of published and unpublished items. The poems are indicated with an asterisk. A section of manuscript notebooks contains short stories, articles, poems and notes by Grove. The different items cannot be divided due to the physical characteristics of these notebooks.

Tales from the Margin, a book of short stories, was posthumously published in 1971, edited, with introduction and notes by Desmond Pacey. Because Pacey’s volume differs from Grove’s original collection, which was never published, the original typescript is included with the other unpublished books. Pacey included only seventeen of the original stories and dropped “Bachelor’s All”, “The Deserter”, “Herefords in the Wilderness”, “Riders”, “The Spendthrift”, “The First Day of an Immigrant”, “The Extra Man”, and “The Boat”.

Newsclippings and financial documents are in chronological order. Biographical material, although in no fixed arrangement, includes the following subsections: vital statistics, education records, school registers, and school board minutes. Photographs are all individually numbered and described. Documents on microfilm are arranged according to reel number. They generally follow the original collection arrangement.

Appendix I is a bibliography of Grove’s published works, including books, short stories and sketches, articles and addresses and poems. Appendix II contains published and unpublished articles, essays and radio broadcasts on Grove and a few on Canadian Literature, arranged alphabetically by author. There are also a number of reviews of books on Grove, alphabetically arranged according to the author of the book. Appendix III is a guide to other manuscript collections of the University of Manitoba Archives & Special Collections which have a significant amount of information on Grove. Appendix IV is a list of “Articles on or relating to Frederick Philip Grove”, donated by Professor Desmond Pacey and now part of the Elizabeth Dafoe Library.

Although this collection is very extensive, it is probably not complete. It is likely that more of his correspondence and perhaps additional literary writings will eventually be discovered and added to the collection. However, until then, it is the indispensable source for primary research into one of the Canada’s best known and respected writers.

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Restrictions on Use

All interested researchers are invited to study and examine all parts of the Collection and may freely quote and publish fair use excerpts from the same. However, those wishing to publish or otherwise reproduce substantially the whole of any of the Grove papers must confer with the Archivist of the University of Manitoba and abide by those legal agreements drawn up between the University and the Grove family on June 21, 1962 and March 12, 1964 respectively. Although the University apparently possesses copyright to most of the unpublished materials, special agreements have been entered into between the University and the family with respect to royalties realized from the publication of parts of the Collection. Clearly it is the responsibility of the user not only to abide by relevant copyright legislation but also to be familiar with and abide by the specific regulations in force respecting the Grove Collection.

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Related Papers

Other manuscript collections in the Archives of the University of Manitoba pertaining directly to Grove include the following:

1. “The Search for Frederick Philip Grove”, radio broadcast. Tape recording (four reels). See typescript 22:2, TC-1

2. Shanks, G.L. – research notes and correspondence, - photograph collection, see box 23, fd 7, PC 3

3. Stobie, Margaret – research notes and correspondence, MSS SC 2 & MSS 13 - tape collection (cassette), TC 2

4. Grove prints and negatives, PC 24

5. Divay, Gaby, MSS 12

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Detailed Description of the Collection

Correspondence, 1913-1962
Outgoing Correspondence, 1913-1947
(arranged alphabetically)
BoxFolder
11 Alexander, W.J., 1937-1939

(15 items)

2 Crouch, Keith, 1931-1944

(33 items)

3 Fairley, Barker, 1939-1944

(5 items)

4 Graphic Publishers: a) Miller, Henry C., 1926-1927 b) Publishers, 1926-1927

(2 items)

5 Grove, Mrs. Catherine: a) Feb. – Apr., 1928

(45 items)

6 [ b) Sept. – Nov., 1928 ]

(70 items)

7 [ c) Jan. – Mar., 1929 ]

(61 items)

8 Holliday, Willard B., 1939-1943

(5 items)

9 Kirkconnell, Watson, 1926-1941

(46 items)

10 Knister, Raymond, 1929-1931

(13 items)

11 Macmillan Co. Publishers: a) Publishers, 1928, 1945

(17 items)

12 b) Miss Eayrs, 1946

(15 items)

12 c) Elliott, Ellen 1942-1946

(30 items)

13 Pacey, Desmond, 1941-1945

(17 items)

14 Ryerson Press: a) Pierce, Lorne, 1925-1947

(75 items)

15 b) Other Officials, 1925-1947

(21 items)

16 Stanley, Carleton, 1945-1946

(23 items)

17 Wade, H.G., 1925

(5 items)

18 Warkentin, “Mr.”, 1913-1914

(5 items)

Incoming Correspondence, 1919-1949
(arranged alphabetically)
BoxFolder
21 Adeney, Marcus, 1929

(3 items)

1 Alexander, W.J., 1928-1929

(3 items)

1 Alexander, Edith L., 1944

(1 item)

2 Louis Carrier & Co. Publishers: a) Carrier, Louis and Secretaries, 1928-1929

(15 items)

2 b) Legate, D.M. DeC., 1929

(3 items)

3 Clarke, George Herbert, 1948

(3 items)

3 Edgar, Pelham, 1945-1946

(3 items)

4 Graphic Publishers: a) Miller, Henry C., 1926-1929

(20 items)

4 b) Publishers, 1926

(2 items)

5 Jones, Francis Arthur, 1924-1927

(9 items)

6 Kirkconnell, Watson, 1928-1939

(9 items)

7 Knister, Raymond, 1929-1931

(8 items)

8 Macmillan Co. Publishers: a) Eayrs, Hugh S., 1923-1944

(47 items)

9 b) Elliott, Ellen, 1928-1946

(39 items)

10 ) Other Officials, 1928-1946

(19 items)

11 McClelland & Stewart Ltd., 1919-1928

(45 items)

12 Osborne, W.F., 1922-1929

(4 items)

12 Pacey, Desmond, 1945-1947

(4 items)

13 Phelps, Arthur L., 1922-1926

(74 items)

BoxFolder
31 Philip, Alex J., 1946

(3 items)

1 Regan, John A., 1928

(3 items)

2 Ryerson Press: a) Pierce, Lorne, 1925-1947

(40 items)

3 b) Other Officials, 1925-1949

(47 items)

4 Stanley, Carleton, 1930-1947

(26 items)

5 Spry, Graham, 1928-1929

(21 items)

6 Valentine, Arthur Edward, 1946

(3 items)

6 Wallis, Ella B., 1929

(4 items)

Short Term Correspondence, 1920-1950
BoxFolder
37 Outgoing: Allison – Stubbs, 1925-1940

(10 items)

Allison, Professor

Birkinshaw, Ernest (2)

Bothwell, Mr.

Bottum, Roy

Cameron, Mrs. (2)

The Canadian Bookman – Editor

Edgar, Pelham

Stubbs, Mr.

8 Incoming: Allan-Currelly, 1920-1948

(20 items)

Allen, J.M

Auger, C.E. (2)

Ball, Augustus

Baumgarten, Bernice

Burroughs, John

Burpee, Lawrence J.

Bryan (?), B.

Cameron, M.H.W.

Campbell, Phyllis

Canadian Pacific Railway Co.

Cape, Jonathan (2)

Chambrun, Jacques

Cheyney (?), Alice S.

Colgate, William (2)

Cohnaw, Mary E.

Creighton, Mrs. J.K.

Currelly, C.

9 Incoming: Dalton – House, 1922-1950

(17 items)

Dalton, Helen W.

Daniells, Roy

Dewar, Ethel

Drum

Egan, James

Eustace, C.J.

Fallis, Samuel

Gardner-Smith, E.

Grant, W.L.

Happy (?), Betty G.

Harington, F.K.

Harriss, Charles

Heinzelmann, J.H.

Hemingway, Grace

Higham, Davie (2)

House Eidolonne

(incomplete)

10 Incoming: Jaques – Norwood, 1922-1948

(20 items)

Jaques, Edna

Kennedy, Roderick

Keys, Florence V. (2)

Kingston, E.F.

Longstreth, F. Morris

Macdonald, L.M.

Montgomery (2)

Mackay, W.P.

MacLean, John (2)

Marcus, Clare

McIntyre, Ross R.

McMullin, R.M.

McPhedran, Marie

McRaye, Walter

Moore, H. Napier

Murray, Walter (2)

Norwood, Gilbert

11 Incoming: Powell – Zehnder, 1923-1947

(24 items)

Powell, M.

Ranns, Rev. H.D.

Reid, Charles I.

Ritchie, Ethel

Roberton, Thomas

Rae, Amy

Ross, Dorothea Lucile

Sanders, C.F.

Scott, James R.

Stephans, Mary H.

Statman (?), E.C.

Sweeny, C.H.

Tuemner, (?), Florence B.

Tyrell, William

Wallace, Susanna

Wallace, Horatio (2)

Weir, S.E.

Wood, Mary S.

Woodsworth, J.S.

Zehnder, Dr. M.

Unidentifiable (2)

The following list of names refers to an exchange of correspondence between Grove and communicants that amounted to one or two letters.

Correspondence of Mrs. Catherine Grove, 1922-1962
BoxFolder
41 Outgoing: Kirkconnell, Watson, 1944-1947
2 Outgoing: Macmillan Company: a) Miss Eayrs, 1946

(4 items)

2 Outgoing: Macmillan Company: b) Elliott, Ellen 1946

(2 items)

3 Outgoing: Rapid City School Board, 1922-1928

(13 items)

4 Outgoing: Ryerson Press: a) Pierce, Lorne, 1947- 1959

(17 items)

4 Outgoing: Ryerson Press: b) Flemington, F., 1947, 1949

(2 items)

5 Outgoing: Stanley, Carleton, 1946-1948

(10 items)

6 Incoming: Deacon, W.A., 1946-1947

(5 items)

7 Incoming: Edgar, Pelham, 1944-1946

(3 items)

8 Incoming: Kirkconnell, Watson, 1944-1947

(4 items)

9 Incoming: MacMillan Company: a) Elliott, Ellen, 1927, 1946-1947

(7 items)

9 Incoming: MacMillan Company: b) Other Officials, 1947

(1 item)

10 Incoming: Miller, Henry C,. 1926

(1 item)

11 Incoming: Ryerson Press: a) Pierce, Lorne, 1947-1959

(22 items)

11 Incoming: Ryerson Press: b) Other Officials, 1947-1949

(6 items)

12 Stanley, Carleton, 1944-1962

(5 items)

Related Correspondence, 1924-1962
The following list of letters, written between third parties interested in or in some way involved with Grove and his writings, is arranged alphabetically by name of sender.
BoxFolder
413 Beauchesne – Doran, 1925-1959

(15 items)

Beauchesne, Arthur (2)

Bell, Adrian

Blauchan, Charles B.

Baumgarten, Bernice (2)

Balhoun, Alexander

Deacon, William A. (2)

Dickson, Lovat

Dodd, Mead & Co. (2)

Doran, George H. (3)

14 Fadiman – Morgan – Powell, 1924-1957

(14 items)

Fadiman, William James (2)

Fitch, C. Morrison

Fonscolombe, B. de

Gaskell, Eric F.

Gibbon, John N.

Grove, A. Leonard

Kirkconnell, Watson (2)

Knister, Raymond (2)

Morgan-Powell, S. (2)

15 The Macmillan Company Representatives, 1946-1957

(32 items)

Brett, George P.

Elliott, Ellen (13)

Flemington, Frank (2)

Gray, John M. (10)

MacRostie, Norma (3)

Putuow, A. James

Syme, Isabel M.

Upjohn, F.A.

16 Macmillan – Watson, 1924-1962

(26 items)

Macmillan, Daniel (2)

Pacey, W.C.D.

Pereira, Theresa

Phelps, Arthur L.

Pierce, Lorne (3)

Ryerson Press

Saxton, Eugene F. (2)

Scott, Duncan (2)

Spicer, Erik (3)

Spry, Graham

Stone, O.G.

Stanley, Carleton (5)

Steacie, E.W.R.

Street, A.G.

Watson, Robert

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Published Books and Novels, 1927-1933, some n.d.
Consider Her Ways 1933
BoxFolder
51-3 a. 3 manuscript copybooks – I, II, III, dated “Middle of October 1933”. 1933
4 b. Carbon typescript title “Man. His Habits, Social Organization, and Outlook”: Part I
5 b. Carbon typescript title “Man. His Habits, Social Organization, and Outlook”: Part II
6-9 c. Typescript in four parts
Fruits of the Earth, 1927-1929
BoxFolder
61-4 a. 4 manuscript copybooks labelled “Second draught, September 1927 to June 1928”. 1927-1928

Original title “Abe Spalding”; Book IV has double paging sequence

5-8 b. 4 manuscript copybooks “3rd draught”
9-13 c. 5 manuscript copybooks labelled “4th rewriting, begun Mar. 23, 1929, finished June 19, 1929” 1929
In Search of Myself
BoxFolder
614 Partial manuscript copybook
The Master of the Mill
BoxFolder
71-3 a. 3 manuscript copybooks
4-7 b. 4 manuscript copybooks
8 c. 1 manuscript volume. Publisher’s dummy in purple binding.
BoxFolder
81-4 d. 1 typescript in 4 parts “By Spartacus” (not published version)
5-8 e. Typescript in 4 parts, dedicated “To my friend the Hon. A.C. Hardy, Senator of Canada” (not the published version)
BoxFolder
91-4 f. Typescript in 4 parts (Although this is supposedly the published version, there are many discrepancies. The ending is essentially the same.)
5 g. Loose manuscript pages
Our Daily Bread
BoxFolder
96-12 7 manuscript copybooks (Book I begins with a chronological list of characters and events)
Settlers of the Marsh
BoxFolder
101-2 a. Typescript, “Being the first book of a three-book series, Latter Day Pioneers”
3-4 b. Typescript, “The White Range-Line House, being the second volume of a three-book series…” In 2 parts
5-6 c. Typescript, “The White Range Line House. A Story of Marsh and Bush”
7-8 d. Typescript, “Settlers of the marsh”
9-10 e. Typescript, “The White Range Line House”
BoxFolder
111-4 f. 4 manuscript copybooks. “The White Range Line House”
5 g. 5 examination booklets. Manuscript of last scene of “Settlers of the Marsh” (See note by Spettigue)
6-10 h. 5 manuscript copybooks titled “Pioneers. I The Settlement, II The White Range Line House, III Male and Female
Two Generations
BoxFolder
1111-12 2 manuscript copybooks; Original title “An Ontario Farm”
The Yoke of Life
BoxFolder
1113-16 4 manuscript copybooks; Original title “Equal Opportunity”

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Unpublished Books and Novels, n.d.
“Democracy or Peasant Revolt or Town and Country”
BoxFolder
121 1 manuscript copybook (actually Democracy is a part of “The Seasons”)
“Heart’s Desire”
BoxFolder
122-4 a. 3 manuscript copybooks
5-7 b. Typescript titled “Two Lives. The Story of an Ontario Farm”
“The Hillside”
BoxFolder
128-10 3 manuscript copybooks. Books I and II have double paging sequence.
11 “The House of Stene”

(1 folder)

“Jane Atkinson” (both on microfiche)
BoxFolder
131-4 a. 4 manuscript copybooks
5-8 b. 1 typescript
“The Lean Kine”
BoxFolder
139-20 12 manuscript copybooks
“Murder in the Quarry” (on microfiche)
BoxFolder
1321-22 1 typescript in 2 parts
“The Poet’s Dream. A Romance and its Sequel”
BoxFolder
141-3 a. 3 manuscript copybooks. Book III has double paging sequence.
4-6 b. Typescript
7-9 c. Typescript titled “The Poet’s Dream or The Canyon. A Romance and its Sequel”
10-12 d. Typescript titled “The Canyon” in 3 parts, “The Goddess, The Woman, The Spirit” (c and d are identical typescripts)
“The Seasons”
BoxFolder
151-6 a. 1 typescript in 3 parts; “Summer”, “Fall”, and “Winter”
7 b. 1 manuscript copybook with double paging sequence (missing first 30 pages) – these are in box 12 fld 1 as part of “Democracy” See also “Wilfred, Barbara” Box 16 fld 12
“Tales from the Margin”.
BoxFolder
158-12 a. Typescript in two parts
13-16 b. Typescript in 2 parts (folders 9-16 on microfiche)
BoxFolder
161-2 c. Typescript in 2 parts (a,b, & c are identical)

A collection of short stories including: Water, The Heir, The Deserter, The Marsh-Fire, The Sale, Lost, Foreigners, Saturday Night at the Crossroads, The Lumberjack, Drover’s Relief, Lazybones, The Dead-Beat, The Agent, Society Column, The Teacher – I. Homesick II. Thirty Years Later, Bachelors All, The Midwife, The House of Many Eyes, Glenholm Oils Limited, Salesmanship, and In Search of Acirema.

“The Weatherhead Fortunes. A Story of the Small Town”
BoxFolder
163-5 a. Typescript in 3 parts: “George”, “Leilah” and “Gerald”
6-8 b. Typescript in 3 parts – carbon copy of ‘a’
9-11 c. 3 manuscript copybooks titled “Youth”. (Book III has double paging sequence.
“Wilfred and Barbara”
BoxFolder
1612 1 manuscript copybook with double paging sequence (part of “The Seasons”)

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Published Short Stories, n.d.
BoxFolder
171 “The Adventures of Leonard Broadus”

(incomplete: only about half the story) Leonard Grove has the full set. 1 manuscript copybook plus copies of The Canadian Boy, in 12 parts. Also published works by Mary Rubio, The Adventures of Leonard Broadus

2 “The Agent” (p.c.)
2 “Beating It In” (p.c.)
2 “The Boat” (p.c.)
2 “Camping in Manitoba” (p.c.)
3 “A Christmas in the Canadian Bush” (tsc.)
4 “Dave Chrisholm Entertains” (p.c.)
4 “The Dead-Beat” (p.c.)
5 “The Desert” (p.c.)
6 “Drama at the Crossroads” (p.c.)
7 “A First Night on Canadian Soil” (tsc.)
8 “The Flood” (p.c.)
8 “The Gypsy Trail” (p.c.)
8 “A Hero of the Flu” (newsclipping)
8 “Hobos” (p.c.)
8 “Hospitality” (tsc.)
9 “The Immigrant” (p.c.)
9 “Lazybones” (missing?)
9 “Lost” (later published under title “Snow”) (missing?) (tsc.)
10 “North of the Fifty-Five” (tsc.)
11 “The Platinum Watch” (tsc.)
12 “A Poor Defenseless Widow” (tsc.)
13 “Relief” (p.c.)
13 “Riders” (tsc.)
14 “The Sale” (p.c.)
14 “Salesmanship” (p.c.)
14 “That Reminds Me” (p.c.)
14 “Traveler Stranded in Rural Wastes” (original title, “The Flavour of Life”) (tsc.) MSS, in “House of Stone”, Box 12, fld 11.
15 “Water” (p.c.)
15 “The Wedding” (tsc.)

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Unpublished Short Stories, 1926, some n.d.
BoxFolder
1716 Bk. 1: “Achievement” (manuscript)
17 “Alien Enemy” (tsc.)
18 “Apparition” (tsc.)
19 “A Beautiful Soul” (tsc.)
20 “Blackmail” (tsc.)
21 “Camouflage” (tsc., plus 2 additional written pages.)
22 “The Camp of the Workless” (tsc.)
23 “Canadianisation” (tsc.)
24 “Centenarians” (tsc.)
25 “Death” “by Spartacus” (tsc., 2 copies) unfinished short story
26 “The Debt” (manuscript)
27 “The Extra Man” (tsc.)
28 “An Eye for an Eye” (tsc.)
29 “The Finder” (tsc.)
30 “The First Day of An Immigrant” (tsc.)
31 “Fog” (tsc.)
32 “La Grande Passion” (tsc.) – cf, “The Green-eyed Monster”
33 “Going After the Cow” (tsc.)
34 “Herefords in the Wilderness” (tsc.)
35 “Honey Ants” (tsc.)
36 “The Last Voyage” (tsc.) published in “Winnipeg Tribune” in two parts - Nov. 27, 1926: “North of 53” and Dec. 4, 1926: “Captain Harper’s Last Voyage”, 1926
37 “Mail of All Work” (manuscript)
38 “The Mystery of the Pond” (tsc.)
39 “Our Betters” (tsc.)
40 “Providence and the Sandhills” (tsc.)
41 “Radio Broadcast” (tsc.)
42 “The Spendthrift” (tsc.)
43 “The Spinster’s Tale” (tsc.)
44 “Stubborn Folk” (tsc.)
45 “The Threshers are Entertained” (tsc.)
46 “Tobacco” (tsc.)
47 “The Two Leaders” (Manuscript)
48 Untitled; begins “Another game?…” (mss)
49 Untitled; begins “It was noon hour of…” (mss)

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Additional Manuscript Notes, 1926, 1941, some n.d.
BoxFolder
181-2 1. Short Stories – 2 manuscript copybooks

Book I

“The Banker” p.1

“The Murderer” p.22

“The Hidden Sin” p.45

“The House of Many Eyes” p.51

“The Green-eyed Monster” p.60 (cf with “La Grande Passion”)

Book II

“The Green-eyed Monster”, cont.

“The Teacher” p. 128

“The Boat” p.146

“The Principal” p.161

“Water” p.176 (published in Winnipeg Tribune, Mar. 16, 1927)

3 2. Short Stories – double paging sequence -Notes for “Civilization” and for “Books”, 1941, some n.d.

Untitled short story, begins: “The Anglican congregation of Balfour…”

Untitled, begins “Alice left the train at…”

“The Desert” (Published in Queen’s Quarterly, XLVIII, Autumn, 1941)

Untitled, begins “Mr. Charles Randolf Higginbothan…” (mss to “A Poor Defenseless Widow” Box 17 fld 12.)

4 3. Short Story – double paging sequence -notes to short stories

“Hospital Ward” – notes

Untitled Short Story, begins “In the Town of Fisher Landing…”

5 4. Short Stories – double paging sequence

“Salesmanship”

Untitled, begins “But my dear Sir…”

-Notes on Thomas Hardy, see also fld 10, box 18

6 5. Short Story and Articles – double paging sequence

“The Town”

Untitled, begins “Through the southern group…”

“The Publishing Trade in Canada: The Writer’s Trade”

“The Physiological Foundation of arts”

“The Value of Art in Life” (pub. In It Needs to Be Said) see fld 10

7 6. Article

“Of Interpretations” or “Of the Interpretation of Science” (in 3 parts)

8 7. Bible Studies

Mss to “That Reminds Me” see box 17, fld 14

9 8. The Life of St. Nishivara – double paging sequence, 1926, some n.d.

-mss to “Camping in Manitoba”, published in Winnipeg Tribune, Nov. 20, 1926 folder 9

-mss to “Toronto That’s a city you may not know.”

10 9. “Books and Addresses” – double paging sequence

Articles – Books – Why Read Books?

The Happy Ending

Realism in Literature

“Realism: 2 fold meaning" (on front cover) Notes of Thomas Hardy – see also, flder 5 box 18 Poems (check one of the poems in German – should be Encapsulated . tis the oldest)

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Poems
Collection of poems by Grove “In Memoriam. Phyllis May Grove”: Typescript in 4 parts or books
(folders 11-14 on microfiche)
BoxFolder
1811 a. Book 1 “Thoughts” includes: Preface, The Gods, Science, The Rebel’s Confession of Faith, After the Blow, Prescience, Questions Reasked, Expression, The Spectral Past, The Voice, The Procession, Man Within the Universe, The Palinode, The Sacred Death.
12 b. Book 2 – “The Dirge”, I – XXXIII
13 c. Book 3 – “Landscapes”, includes: At Sea, Embattled Skies, Night in the Hills, Dejection, The Dunes, The Sluice, Dawn, Fall, Indian Summer, First Frost, First Snow, Oppression, The Pool.
14 d. Book 4 – “The Legend of the Planet Mars and other Narratives”, includes: The Eagles, The Legend of the Planet Mars, Ahasuerus.
Additional photocopies of Grove’s poems
BoxFolder
1815 Book 1
16 Book 2
17 Book 3
18 Book 4
Additional typescripts of Grove’s poems
BoxFolder
1819 Book 1
20 Book 2
21 Book 3
22 Book 4
Additional typescripts of the following poems
BoxFolder
1823 Book 1

The Gods

After the Blow Prescience

Questions reasked

Expression

The Sacred Death (orig. title, Sacred makes Death) (2)

23 Book 2

XIV, XIX

23 Book 3

At Sea (2)

Dejection (2)

The Dunes (2)

The Sluice (2)

Fall in Manitoba (later changed to “Fall”)

First Frost

Oppression

The Pool

23 Book 4

The Legend of the Planet Mars

Ahasuerus

24
24 Miscellaneous poems by Grove (tsc.)

"Visions" or "The Dying Year” (2) German version in mss form

“Arctic Wood, Night, Night Thoughts”

“The Legend of the Great Survival”

“Poems of the Lakes and Woods. Subtitle: You and I” (2)

“Retrospection”

“The Sonnet”

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Published Articles
BoxFolder
191 “Assimilation” (tsc., summary, 1 hours.) (p.c. of magazine article)
2 “Canadians Old and New” (tsc. And p.c.)
3 “Education and Democracy” (tsc.) “The Entrance Examinations” (p.c.)
4 “The Flat Prairie” (offprints) (2)
5 “Jean Jacques Rousseau as Educator” translated by M. Stobie “Just a Word”…(p.c.) “Letters to the Editor of Canadian Bookman” (2)
6 “Morality in the Forsyte Saga” (offprints) (2) “The Meaning of Nationhood”, orig. title “Nationhood”
7 "The Meaning of Nationhood (tsc. summary of 1 hr. version) (tsc. summary of ½ hr. version, plus a p.c. of published version, publ. In It Needs To Be Said)
8 “Peasant Poetry and Fiction From Hesiod to Hemon”
9 “The Plight of Canadian Fiction? A Reply” (offprint, tsc. and manuscript)
10 “Postscript to A Search for America” (offprints) (2)
11 “Thomas Hardy. A Critical Examination of a Typical Novel and His Shorter Poems” (offprint)
12 Reviews by Grove:

Glorious Apollo by E. Barrington

Captain Salvation by F. Wallace

Monsieur Ripois and Nemesis by Louis Hemon

Power by Arthur Stringer

Idees Generales sur la Guerre et sur L’Apres-Guerre by Paul-Emile Cloutier

13 Reviews by Grove:

“In Search of Myself” (offprints) (2)

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Unpublished Articles 1932-1940
BoxFolder
201 Address given to the Rotarians, Ontario, Feb. 10, 1936 Address at the Rotary Club, Dec. 5, 1932
2 Address to Norfolk County Chamber of Commerce, Jan. 25, 1932
(apparently 4 p. missing)
3 Address to the English Club of Simcoe, Ontario, Oct. 3, 1932 Address to the English Club of Simcoe, Ontario, Jan. 9, 1933
4 Address to the Ladies of the Canadian Clubs Address titled “An Unexplored Aspect of Education”, given to “School and Home” group, Oct. 24, 1932
5 “Art and Canadian Life”
6 “Books” (2)
7 “Books” “Books” given to the Professional Women’s club, Simcoe, Ontario, May 20, 1940
8 “Blow-Sand in Ontario”
9 “The Case for Democracy. Musings of a Man in the Street.”
10 “Civilisation. A sermon of the Unprofitable Life” (manuscript)
11 “Conformity – A Danger of Democracy” (2)
12 “Danger – Curve” “Democracy and Autocracy”
13 “Education” “Education for culture”
14 “Essays” “The Farmer’s Predicament”
15 “Fiction Versus Non-Fiction” (2)
16 “I consider it a rare privilege…” (no title) “I shall never forget”, Radio Broadcast, May 20, 1938
17 “I take it that, in asking me…” (no title) “I wish to acknowledge…” (no title)
18 “If, in this lecture, I shall attempt…” (no title)
19 “In a mechanistic civilization…” (no title) “In my last, or first, lecture…” (possible title, ‘The Drama’)
20 “Literary Criticism”, Radio Talk, June 4, 1938
21 “The Novel”
22 “The Novel”
23 “The Novel – Romantic and Realistic” (2) “The Plight of the Ontario Farmer”
24 “Radio Broadcasts” “Rural Slums”
25 “The Short Story”
26 “Some Aspects of a Writer’s Life” (2)
27 “The Technique of the Novel”
28-29 “Total Democracy” (2)
30 “The Twofold harvest of Nature” “Urbanization of the Rural Area”
31 “When a literary man is asked…” (no title) “Why I am a Farmer”
32 Miscellaneous notes pertaining to Grove’s addresses and articles

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Newspaper Clippings (about Grove), 1922-1973
BoxFolder
211 [ 1922 ]

(6 items)

2 [ 1923 ]

(7 items)

3 [ 1924 ]

(4 items)

4 [ 1925 ]

(23 items)

5 [ 1926 ]

(13 items)

6 [ 1927 ]

(14 items)

7 [ 1928 ]

(36 items)

8 [ 1929 ]

(11 items)

9 [ 1930 ]

(13 items)

10 [ 1931, ] [ 1932, ] [ 1933 ]

(1 item),

(3 items),

(12 items)

11 [ 1934, ] [ 1939, ] [ 1945 ]

(1 item),

(2 items),

(2 items)

12 [ 1946 ]

(33 items)

13 [ 1947 ]

(35 items)

14 [ 1948 ]

(21 items)

15 [ 1959, ] [ 1962, ] [ 1964, ] [ 1967, ] [ 1971, ] [ 1973 ]

(4 items),

(10 items),

(1 item),

(1 item),

(1 item),

(7 items)

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Financial Records 1932-1947
BoxFolder
221 Royalty statement, the Macmillan Co. of Canada , for the book, A Search for America, November 9, 1932
1 Royalty statement, J.M. Dent & Sons Ltd., for the book A Search for America, June 30, 1933
1 Royalty statement, the Macmillan Co., for the book Settlers of the Marsh, March 31, 1934
1 Statement, J.M. Dent & Sons Ltd., for the Book A Search for America, Nov. 9, 1934
1 Agreement between Grove and the Ryerson Press (also a typed copy), Feb. 17, 1939
1 Memo and typed agreement with written revisions of Grove- Ryerson contract
1 Memo of credit and report of sales, the Ryerson Press, for the book A Search for America, Dec. 7, 1945
1 Royalty statement, the Macmillan Co., for the book Master of the Mill, March 1, 1946
1 Royalty statement, the Ryerson Press, for the Book A Search for America, Feb. 28, 1947

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Biographical Material, 1913-1973
BoxFolder
222 Diary, March 14, 1933 to June 3, 1940

One manuscript copybook titled “Thoughts and Reflections”. Daily entries, March 14, 1933 to June 3, 1940.

3 Notes on Zeus; one page of written notes
3 Suggestions to Mrs. Jackson regarding her paper on Hebbel for the English Club, Simcoe, Ontario (tsc.)
3 Newsletter announcing the publication of The Master of the Mill (p.c.)
3 Biographical material for the book jacket of In Search of Myself (tsc.)
3 “Possible Errata”, of editor’s suggestions pertaining to The Yoke of Life (tsc.)
3 Copper plate, from 1939 Ryerson edition of A Search for America, 1939
4 Pamphlet published for Grove’s lecture tour for the “Association of Canadian Clubs”, Feb. 27, to Apr. 30, 1928

(7)

4 Pamphlet published on the occasion of the unveiling of Frederick Philip Grove plaque, and the opening of the Rapid City Museum, June 1973
5 Wanderungen by Felix Paul Greve. (p.c. of the published poems of Felix Paul Greve, who many believe is the same person as Grove prior to his life in Canada.) For inscription of F.P. Greve see PC 24 and RBR PS 8513 R87 W35 1902.
6 Vital Statistics, 1914-1927

a. Grove’s application for Canadian citizenship, “Form A & D” (4 pp), 1920.

b. “Oath of allegiance”, 1921

c. Four letters pertaining to Grove’s citizenship application, 1921

d. “Registration of Marriage”, Aug. 2, 1914, between F.P. Grove and Tina Wiens

e. “Official Notice of Birth”, Phyllis May Grove, Virden, Manitoba, August 5, 1915

f. “Official Notice of Death”, Phyllis May Grove, Minnedosa, Manitoba, July 21, 1927

g. “Medical Certificate of Death”, Phyllis May Grove, 1927

6 Education Records, 1915-1923

a. Grove’s student mark records, Faculty of Arts, University of Manitoba, 1915-1922

b. Department of Education. Copy of a file on Frederick and Catherine Grove, 1923

c. Board of Studies Minutes, University of Manitoba, 1915-1917, excerpt pertaining to Grove (p. 50)

7 School Registers written in Grove’s handwriting 1913-1922

a. Krinsfeld School, 1913

b. Winkler School, 1913-1914

c. Eden School (2) 1919-1920 and 1922

8 Minutes: a. Gladstone School District, Minutes of School Board, 1916-1917, 1917-1918
9 Minutes: b. Eden Consolidated School Minutes, May 25, 1919 to Aug. 3, 1922
10 Minutes: c. Rapid City School, Board of Trustees, 1922-1928
11 Records of the English Club, Simcoe, Ontario, 1932
12 Canadian Authors Association. Newsletter and questionnaire, Sept. 10, 1947
12 Red River Valley Echo, Souvenir Supplement commemorating Manitoba’s 100th year, 1870-1970, Nov. 25, 1970

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Published Articles / Essays on Grove and Canadian Literature, 1925-1974
BoxFolder
231 Allison, W.T., Realism in Manitoba Novels”, Winnipeg Tribune Magazine, November 21, 1925
1 Ayre, Robert, “Frederick Philip Grove”, Canadian Forum. Includes excerpt from Grove’s poem “The Dirge”, April 1932
1 Dickie, Francis, “Realism in Canadian Fiction”, The Canadian Bookman, October 1925
1 Ferguson, George V., “Does Canadian Criticism Mean Anything?” Winnipeg Tribune Magazine, January 4, 1926
1 Pacey, W.D., “Frederick Philip Grove”, The Manitoba Arts Review, Spring 1943
1 Padolsky, Enoch, “Grove’s ‘Nationhood’ and the European Immigrant” Journal of Canadian Studies. XXII (Spring 1987)
1 Rowe, Kaye, “Grove Country”, The Brandon Sun, Oct. 25, 1968
1 Rowe, Kaye M., “Here He Lies Where He Longed”, The Manitoba Arts Review, Spring 1949
2 Saunders, Doris, “Frederick Philip Grove ‘One of Us’” Alumni Journal, University of Manitoba, Fall 1962. Also Winnipeg Free Press Sept. 17, 1962. Includes typescript. 1962
2 Saunders, Thomas, “The Grove Papers”, reprint from Queen’s Quarterly, Spring Issue Vol. LXX, no. 1 (3), also includes typescript.
2 Saunders, Thomas, “Native Son”, Poem read at Grove’s grave, September 29, 1958
2 Saunders, Thomas, “A Novelist as Poet: Frederick Philip Grove”, reprint from The Dalhousie Review, Vol. 43, No. 2 (2), also includes typescript.
3 Sirois, Antoine, “Grove et Ringuet, temoins d’une epoque” Canadian Literature. Typescript. Winter 1970
3 Spettigue, Douglas, “Frederick Philip Grove”, Queen’s Quarterly, Winter 1971
3 Spettigue, Douglas, “Frederick Philip Grove in Manitoba” Mosaic 3/3, Manitoba Centennial Issue, p. 19-33. Also Typescript. 1970
3 Spettigue, D.O., “The Grove Enigma Resolved”, Queen’s Quarterly, Spring 1972
4 Stanley, Carleton, “Frederick Philip Grove”, reprinted from The Dalhousie Review, January 1946

(3)

4 Stanley, C., “Topics of the Day”, reprinted from The Dalhousie Review, January 1931
4 Stobie, Margaret, “Grove’s Letters From the Mennonite Reserve”, Canadian Literature, Winter 1974

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Unpublished Essays / Radio Broadcasts on Grove, 1947, 1976, some n.d.
BoxFolder
235 Alexander, W.J., “Addresses not Delivered”
5 Deacon, Bill, speech delivered on behalf of Grove, in acceptance Of the Governor-General’s medal, July 11, 1947
5 “Grove/Greve: Two Men of Mystery”, radio broadcast for ‘Arts in Review’, CBC, October 1976
6 “The Search for Frederick Philip Grove”, radio broadcast, CBC (2). Also recorded on tape, see TC 1.
7 Saunders, Thomas, “Frederick Philip Grove”, radio talk in three parts
7 Shanks, G.L., “Philip Grove – His Ability to Describe the Rural Scene”
7 Stubbs, Roy St. George, “Frederick Philip Grove”

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Reviews of Articles / Books on Grove 1945-1976
BoxFolder
238 Reviews of Desmond Pacey’s writings, 1945-1972

(6 items)

9 Reviews of Douglas Spettigue’s writings, 1969-1976

(6 items)

9 Reviews of Margaret Stobie’s writings, 1973

(2 items)

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Miscellaneous Publications, 1979
Commemorative Stamp Collection, 1979
(held on top of shelves, please inform person retrieving)

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Photograph Collection, 1906-1974

Although the photographs below are a part of the original collection, they have been transferred to the Photograph Collection of the Archives for preservation purposes. When requesting a photo, please use the P.C. # given. Dates are identified wherever possible. Original identifications are in quotation marks.

BoxFolder
11 1. Frederick Philip Grove – large portrait signed by Sidney Carter, Montreal
1 2. Grove – portrait. Note on back “Given to Doris Saunders by the CBC after a broadcast on ‘F.P. Grove, The Man’, Dec. 3, 1962
2 3. Grove at work
2 4. Grove family – Frederick, Catherine and daughter Phyllis May taken in their home in Ashfield (c.1920)
3 5. Grove Family at Ashfield. Outside shot, fall (c. 1920)
3 6. Grove and daughter Phyllis May, at Ashfield building a “stable” for the pony (c.1920)
3 7. The finished stable built by Grove. Ashfield (1920)
3 8. Grove walking through the snow. Ashfield (1920)
3 9. Grove and daughter Phyllis May on a sleigh ride. Ashfield (1920)
3 10. Grove and Phyllis May aboard a raft. Matlock, summer (c.1920)
3 11. Grove and Phyllis May on the porch of their house in Talmouth. Winter. (c.1920)
4 12. Dr. W.J. Alexander – portrait. “Sometime Chairman of the Dept. of English, University of Toronto in whose honor the U of T’s Alexander Lectures were established”. Close friend and literary Advisor to Grove.
5 13. Grove family at Gladstone. Summer (1916)
5 14. Phyllis May – portrait (age 4?). Eden (c. 1919)
5 15. Same as #14. (contact print)
5 16. Phyllis May Grove – Portrait. Shortly before her death, July 20, 1927. Rapid City, (1926-1927)
5 17. May Grove and girl friend. Rapid City, summer (1926 or 1927)
5 18. Catherine and May Grove shown in front of Grove car. On holiday, probably Eden days (c. 1919)
5 19. Grove in front of tent with two students. Rapid City days. (1926-1927)
5 20. Enlargement – detail of Grove’s head from #19
5 21. to 23. Same as #20
5 24. Grove Family – Frederick, Catherine and May – on holiday at Matlock. Grove cooks over a campfire as May looks on and Catherine knits
6 25. Grove and his high school students shown in front of the school. 6 Rapid City (1922-1923)
6 26. Enlargement – detail of Grove from #25
6 27. The “cottage” school – the old Rapid City School. The Groves lived and also held classes here (June 7, 1923)
6 28. Side view of the “cottage” school (June 7, 1923)
6 29. Contact print of #24
6 30. Contact print of #19
6 31. Same as #25
6 32. Rapid City Public School (c. 1923)
6 33. Contact print of #32
6 34. Rapid City, Manitoba. View of 3rd Avenue looking east, summer (c.1925)
6 35. Contact print of #34
7 36. Rapid City. The house where the Groves lived for most of their time there
7 37. contact print of #36
7 38. Aerial view of Rapid City, “virtually unchanged since Grove’s time there” (1930’s)
7 39. Negatives of #28
7 40. Negative of #27
7 41. Negative of back view of “cottage” school
7 42. Same as #41
7 43. Same as #39
7 44. Negatives of “cottage” school, another view
7 45. Neg. – Gladstone booklet – residence of Mr. A.H. Collins, ca. 1910-1915
7 46. Neg. the Echo Milling Co. building, ca. 1910-1915
7 47. Neg. scene on River looking east, scene on Crescent road; rustic bridge on River, ca. 1910-1915
7 48. Neg. E. Crouter’s General Hardware Store, front view, ca. 1910-1915
7 49. Neg. Broadfoot Bros. General Merchants, front view, ca. 1910-1915
7 50. Neg. Geoprge Bary’s Drying Shed and Lumber Yard, exterior view, ca. 1910-1915
7 51. Neg. Farm residence of D. Smith, ca. 1910-1915
7 52. Neg. lake scene near Gladstone Canoe Club, ca. 1910-1915
7 53. Neg. Farm residence and barn of Mr. Chris Fahrni, ca. 1910-1915
7 54. Neg. Gladstone Branch, Merchant’s Bank, ca. 1910-1915
7 55. Neg. T. Kinney’s Sash and Door Factory and Planing Mills, ca. 1910-1915
7 56. Neg. S. Schooley, General Merchants, Est. 1885, ca. 1910-1915
7 57. Neg. Canadian National Railway and Canadian Pacific Railway Stations, ca. 1910-1915
7 58. Neg. Muir & Co.’s Lumber Camp: “Mr. A. Singleton, of the Firm of Singleton and Davis, Real Estate and Financial Agents, Of Gladston, surrounded by magnificent trophies, secured by Him in the forest and field adjacent to Galdstone”, ca. 1910-1915
7 59. Neg. Gladstone drugstore; residence of Dr. J.W. Armstrong, ca. 1910-1915
7 60. Neg. residence and lumber yard of A.C. Munro, ca. 1910-1915
7 61. Neg. residence of Mr. William Galloway; residence of Mr. Roper Galloway, mayor of Gladstone, ca. 1910-1915
7 62. Neg. part of staff of Galloway Bros. Department Store, ca. 1910-1915
7 63. Neg. – Four interior views of Galloway Bros. store, ca. 1910-1915
7 64. Neg. Greiner Bros. Grubbing with tractor engine; scene around C.N.R. station, ca. 1910-1915
7 65. Neg. panoramic view of Gladstone, looking from south, ca. 1910-1915
7 66. Neg. residence of Mr. J. Anderson, ca. 1910-1915
7 67. Neg. residence and barn on Greiner Bros. Farm, ca. 1910-1915
7 68. Neg. street view: Jos. Hack, “up-to-date hairdresser”; Geo. Vickers, jeweller; J.J. Leamen, Baker and Confectioner; Gladstone Jewel Company, ca. 1910-1915
7 69. Neg. farm residence of Mr. William Hill, ca. 1910-1915
7 70. Neg. Fair Grounds, Gladstone, ca. 1910-1915
7 71. Neg. residence of Mr. Robert Halliday; “proposed steel bridge to be erected this fall over the river”, ca. 1910-1915
7 72. Neg. residence of Mr. Charles Williams, ca. 1910-1915
7 73. Neg. Gladstone public school; plowing scene, ca. 1910-1915
7 74. Neg. Wood and Menzie’s Livery Barn, ca. 1910-1915
7 75. Neg. Presbyterian church; Anglican church; interior Anglican church; Baptist church; Methodist church, ca. 1910-1915
7 76. Neg. interior of Galloway Bros. Department Store, ca. 1910-1915
7 77. Neg. part of Galloway Bros. Feeding Barns at ranch; scene at Galloway Bros. Ranch, ca. 1910-1915
7 78. Neg. Williams Bros. Hardware store, Est. 1888, ca. 1910-1915
7 79. Neg. residence of Mr. William Williams, ca. 1910-1915
7 80. Neg. residence of Mr. A.G. Williams, ca. 1910-1915
7 81. Neg. residence of Mr. T.E. Nichols; farm residence of Peter Broadfoot, ca. 1910-1915
7 82. Neg. Traveler’s Hotel, ca. 1910-1915
7 83. Neg. Morris Avenue, looking south and looking north, ca. 1910-1915
7 84. Neg. Revere House, A. Murdock, proprietor, ca. 1910-1915
7 85. Neg. Gladstone Post Office, ca. 1910-1915
7 86. Neg. residence of C.F. Gabriel, ca. 1910-1915
7 87. Neg. street view of shops: R. Hamilton young, General Store; J.A. Rowlett, agent for Massey-Harris Co., ca. 1910-1915
7 88. Neg. panoramic view (cont’d), see #65, ca. 1910-1915
7 89. Neg. Galloway Bros. Department Store (1906), ca. 1910-1915
7 90. Neg. residence and blacksmith shop of William Eccles, Est. 1800, ca. 1910-1915
7 91. Neg. Gladstone brass band, ca. 1910-1915
8 92. Grove memorial stones – Phyllis May and F.P. Grove, Rapid City Cemetery, colour prints (May 19, 1974)
8 93. Grove’s memorial stone, Rapid City Cemetery, colour (May 19, 1974)
8 94. Memorial stones of Grove and Daughter Phyllis May, Rapid City Cemetery (Aug. 1973)
8 95. Grove’s memorial stone (Aug. 1973)
8 96. Grove – portrait of profile (no date)
8 97. Grove – head enlargement, “Seems to have appeared in MacLean’s in connection with an article of his” (no date)
8 98. Same as #97
8 99. The Grove house, Simcoe, shortly after they moved there in 1931
9 100. New Year’s party. Shows the following people gathered around a campfire in “Smith Cabin”: M.M Smith, Monroe Laudon, F.P. Grove, J.W. Crow, W.K. Kirkwood, Jan. 1, 1932
9 101. Grove viewing the effect of wind erosion on cut-over sand soil. Charlotteville Twp. (Feb. 26, 1932)
9 102. Nature Group outing for Spring migration of birds, Lynn Valley Norfolk. Shows the following individuals: Grove, Monroe Laudon, James Landom, J.W. Crow. (March 27, 1932)
9 103. Mrs. Catherine Grove in the living room of the Grove house (c.1965)
10 104. Winkler, Manitoba, postcard photo (1914)
10 105.Winkler school as it appeared when Grove was there. Later the belfry was removed and some years ago it was demolished (1913-15)
10 106. Mrs. Catherine Grove in the living room of the Grove house (c.1965)
10 107. Three of F.P. Grove's students at Winkler intermediate School; Peter Warkentin (became a school principal); Peter neufeld (died of tuberculosis In 1918); Peter Brown (became a school principal)
10 108.Winkler school as it appeared when Grove was there. Later the belfry was removed and some years ago it was demolished (1913-15)
10 109. Negatives of #103-4
10 110. Negatives of #4
11 111. Interior view of bookshop in Winkler School begun by Grove (1914)
11 112. "Winkler's young set during 1911 out for a stroll"
11 113. Winkler's first city council (no date)
11 114. "Some of Winkler's charming young women in 1912"
11 115. Threshing scene, farmers around Winkler
11 116. Inside of hardware store, Winkler
11 117. Interior of H.C. Epp's garage and machine shop in Altona (1914)
11 118. Tractor owned by Alexander Smith in 1915
11 119. "The Smith home, built at the turn of the century by Enoch Winkler"
11 120. Farm machinery in use (thresher?)
11 121. Winkler's main street during spring flood (1917)
11 122. Map of the Mennonite Reserves in Manitoba
12 123. Gladstone High School - interior view showing seated students and teacher (1917-1918)
12 124. Print of #123
12 125. Postcard - Gladstone scenes (fairly recent)
12 126. The W.H. Elias farmhouse, Haskett, Man. Elias was a real estate agent (c.1912)
12 127. Elias' office, Haskett (c.1912)
12 128. Dyck Bros. Hardware Store, Haskett (c.1912)
12 129. Inside view of Hardware Store, Haskett (c.1912)
13 130. View of two unidentified town buildings, Haskett (c.1912)
13 131. Haskett in Winter - shows horse-drawn sleds (c.1912-14)
13 132. The John Warkentin Farm, Haskett, where Grove met Warkentin's young nephew, I.J. Warkentin, then principal of Winkler School
13 133. Same as #132
13 134. On the Warkentin farm, Haskett - shows horse-drawn plow (c. 1912)
13 135. On the John Warkentin farm - shows horse-drawn plow (c.1912)
13 136. The pupils at Haskett school - shown outside schoolhouse (1914-15)
13 137. Same as #136
13 138. Kronsfeldt School, Haskett - at recess. F.P. Grove's first school in Manitoba (1913)
14 139. Same as #138
14 140. Some of Mrs. Grove's pupils at Falmouth, Man.
14 141. Contact print of #140
14 142. Falmouth School
14 143. Side view of Falmouth School
14 144. Same as #142
14 145. Falmouth School and "teacherage", where Catherine and May Grove lived during the summer of 1917
14 146. View of Falmouth School and "teacherage"
14 147. The "teacherage", Falmouth
14 148. View of Main entrance of Virden Collegiate Institute. Two students Hugh Ross and Wilfred Halliday, stand in front (c.1915)
15 149. Street view of Virden. Shows town shops and horse-drawn wagons - "Saturday the farmer's holiday in town" (c.1910-1915)
15 150. Street view of Virden. Shows row of new 1915 Fords drawn up for Virden customers
15 151. Virden in winter. "An early version of the Santa Claus Parade" (c. 1910-1915)
15 152. Scarth home, Virden. Front view from Bennett house where F.P. Grove lived 1915-1916. Mrs. Scarth was a motherly neighbour to the Groves, especially during his illnesses (1913)
15 153. Mrs. Raechel Scarth at rear of Scarth home in Berkley, Michigan (1942)
15 154. Postcard - Virden street scene (1930?)
15 155. House the Groves rented in Eden, now belonging to the Thompsons (1919-1922)
15 156. Contact print of #155
15 157. Eden, Manitoba. Shot of the winter "school van" (covered horse-drawn sled) and its driver
16 158. Eden, Manitoba. "Number 4-the summer van (covered horse-drawn wagon) to take the children to Consolidated School. Eight pupils stand beside van
16 159. The old summer van, Eden, colour photo (1967)
16 160. Exterior view of Eden Consolidated School (1917-1970)
16 161. Neg. of "Visions or the Dying Year"
16 162. Neg. of "Thoughts and Reflections", p. 39
16 163. Neg. of page 1 of "The Life of St. Nishivara"
16 164. Neg. of page 9 of "In Search of Myself" (MSS)
16 165. Neg. of page 1 of "In Search of Myself" (MSS)

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Microfilm Collection (MF 2)

Parts of the Grove Collection have been microfilmed at different times through the years. These microfilms, some 16 mm and some 35 mm, have been transferred to the Microfilm Collection of the Archives for conservation purposes. Patrons wanting to use the microfilms are to make their requests using the Mf number and the reel number.

Reel 1 Our daily bread; Fruits of the earth (neg. & pos.);
Reel 2 (neg. & pos.) Abe Spalding; The master of the mill;
Reel 3 The master of the mill; Go to the ant; The white range line house; Latter day pioneers; The Weatherhead fortunes; The poet's dream ;
Reel 4 Poet's dream; Murder in the quarry; Tales from the margin; Poems; Jane Atkinson;
Reel 5 Heart's desire; Two lives; The seasons; La grande passion; Short stories;
Reel 6 (neg. & pos.) Addresses; Notebooks;
Reel 7 Man, habits; Pioneers; The white range line house; Youth, The hillside;
Reel 8 The lean kine; Fragments; The canyon F.P. Grove: The master of the mill, etc. (35 mm)

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Microfilm Collection (MF 3)

Parts of the Grove Collection have been microfilmed at different times through the years. These microfilms, some 16 mm and some 35 mm, have been transferred to the Microfilm Collection of the Archives for conservation purposes. Patrons wanting to use the microfilms are to make their requests using the Mf number and the reel number.

Reel 1: Two generations; The master of the mill;
Reel 2 Fruits of the earth; The master of the mill;
Reel 3 (neg. & pos.) The master of the mill;
Reel 4 (neg. & pos.) The master of the mill (cont'd);
Reel 5 Consider her ways (?); The season; The house of Stene; Wilfred and Barbara;
Reel 6 Wildred and Barbara (cont'd); Autobiography; Poems; Books, an address; Graphic Press press release re: A search for America

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