Keystone Agricultural Producers:

An Inventory of Its Papers at the University of Manitoba Archives & Special Collections

Inventory prepared by Brett Lougheed
University of Manitoba Archives & Special Collections
Winnipeg, Manitoba
(August 8, 2003)

Finding aid encoded by Brett Lougheed (August 8, 2003)
Finding aid written in English.

Revision History

  • July 26, 2005 - A.93-92 converted from EAD 1.0 to 2002 by v1to02.xsl (sy2003-10-15).

Collection Summary

University of Manitoba Archives & Special Collections
Dafoe Library, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba

Keystone Agricultural Producers

Keystone Agricultural Producers fonds


1.18 m of textual records and one audio cassette



Return to Top

Administrative History of Keystone Agricultural Producers

During the third week of October 1984, the Manitoba Farm Bureau (MFB) held its last meeting, approximately two years after members disagreed over how to handle the loss of the Crow Rate. In their last two motions, the MFB offered its best wishes to its successor, a fledgling general farm organization called Keystone Agricultural Producers, and thanked their employees for years of hard work and dedication.

Manitoba’s new general farm lobby organization began one year earlier when the MFB formed an ad hoc Committee on Farm Organization Structure to address serious difficulties brought about by a stormy Crow debate and the subsequent loss of support from Manitoba Pool Elevators in 1982, and United Grain Growers in 1983. The MFB also faced reduced involvement of the Manitoba Cattle Producers Association due to funding problems.

Over the next few months, the Committee, chaired by Bert Hall and Earl Geddes, developed a proposal for new general farm organization and organized a series of 25 meetings throughout the province to consult directly with producers. These meetings took place from January 9 to January 20, 1984 and close to 1,400 farmers participated with 1,026 returning questionnaires designed for the rural meetings. Bert Hall was one of the co-chairs of the Committee on Farm Organization Structure, instrumental in forming KAP.

The need for a new farm lobby organization to represent agriculture on issues common to all, was overwhelmingly endorsed with almost 97 per cent in favor. The questionnaires also included sections on structure, funding, fee levels, and additional comments. Given a clear mandate from the grassroots level, the Committee on Farm Organization Structure prepared a report and proposal for a new farm organization which was submitted on March 6, 1984.

The ad hoc Committee set out to travel the province again in April 1984, as a second series of rural meetings was scheduled to seek support, funding and delegates for the yet unnamed organization. General Council representatives and twelve delegates at the local level are elected by the time the meetings are complete on April 19, 1984. At about this time, and also due to the stormy Crow debate, the Saskatchewan Federation of Agriculture collapsed after representing farmers for 40 years. The decision was brought about by group members’ resistance to contribute funds, the continued withdrawal of members, and the failure of support for a restructuring proposal. Alberta’s farm organization, Unifarm, was facing its own difficulties at the time for much the same reasons. They eventually evolved into their present form as Wild Rose Agricultural Producers and Agricultural Producers Association of Saskatchewan.

By April 24, 1984, the new Manitoba farm organization had 400 paid members. Eight days later, membership exceeds 500 with a reported 6 to 16 memberships arriving in the mail daily. The first General Council meeting took place on June 15, 1984 and by noon the yet unnamed farm organization was no longer unnamed. Out of ten possible choices, delegates decided on Keystone Agricultural Producers. Rather than elect a president and executive, an executive committee was chosen consisting of 16 members (one from each of the twelve districts, and one from each of four commodity group members).

The new group took its first few cautious steps toward autonomy after the meeting as the KAP executive met to form committee to draft a constitution, by-laws and deal with the organization’s finances. In late September, KAP General Council met again where the constitution and structure was changed slightly and adopted. For the first time, KAP began to seriously discuss policy, passing four resolutions recommended by the executive committee.

Comfortable that their successor was healthy enough to stand alone and there would not be a farm lobby vacuum in the province,the MFB handed over the reigns to KAP almost one full month later. The MFB then closed shop permanently.

January of the following year, 1985, was a historic month for producers in Manitoba. Keystone Agricultural Producers held its first Annual General Meeting in Winnipeg where funding and membership were the top priorities. During the two day meeting, over 50 resolutions were discussed, Jack Penner was elected president, Earl Geddes was elected first vice-president, and Cam Henry was elected second vice-president.

Keystone Agricultural Producers (KAP) is a democratically controlled general farm lobby organization which represents and promotes the interests of agriculture and agricultural producers in Manitoba. It is a grassroots organization wholly run and funded by its members, with all policy set by producers throughout Manitoba.

KAP has standing policy on a variety of issues including Safety Net Programs, Western Grain Marketing, Land and Resource Use, Taxation, Environment and Sustainability, Livestock Manure Management Strategy, Farm Labour, Health and Safety, Affiliations, Farm Inputs and Finance, Transportation, Government Services, Property Rights and Wildlife Resources and Trade.

Policy is set by delegates and directors elected from individual and group members. Close to twenty committees, comprised of members and the President (ex officio), research a number of issues and report back to the executive and the General Council. Both the elected executive and management are responsible for implementing policy in the best interests of the members.

Its mission is to be Manitoba's most effective, democratic policy voice, while promoting the social, physical and cultural well being of all agricultural producers.

Return to Top

Scope and Contents of the Papers

This collection consists of numerous agricultural publications and one audio cassette tape concerning a camp music workshop.

Return to Top

Organization of the Papers

This collection has yet to be organized.

Return to Top

Arrangement of the Papers

This collection has yet to be arranged.

Return to Top

Restrictions on Use

There are no restrictions on this material.

Return to Top

Related Papers

Several other unprocessed accessions are housed by the University of Manitoba Archives & Special Collections including A.96-32, A.98-29, A.00-31, and A.01-34. The records of the Keystone Agricultural Producers predecessor, the Manitoba Farm Bureau, are also within the holdings (MSS 69, PC 138)

Return to Top

Custodial History

The collection was donated to the University of Manitoba Archives & Special Collections by the Keystone Agricultural Producers in 1993.

Return to Top

Other Finding Aids

The finding aid for the Manitoba Farm Bureau fonds is available on-line, as are file lists for Keystone Agricultural Producers accessions.

Return to Top

Detailed Description of the Collection

Keystone Agricultural Producers File Listing, 1915-1990
11 Leacock, Stephen, Literary Lapses , n.d.
2 Home Book of Quizzes, Games and Jokes , 1941
3 Conference on Educational Problems in Canadian-American Relations . University of Maine Press, 1939
4 Rural Land Use Conflicts: Some Solutions . Manitoba Environment Council, 1977
5 Agro-Manitoba Information Package. Department of Mines, Natural Resources and Environment, Land and Survey Division, Winnipeg, Manitoba, December 1978
6 Catalogue of Import Barriers on Food and Agricultural Product Trade (GATT Data) Introduction, n.d.
7 Agricultural Import Barriers - Annex 2 - Quantitative Restrictions, Part 1, n.d.
8 Agricultural Import Barriers - Annex 2 - Quantitative Restrictions, Part 2, n.d.
9 Agricultural Import Barriers - Annex 2 - Quantitative Restrictions, Part 3, n.d.
10 Agricultural Import Barriers - Annex 2 - Quantitative Restrictions, Part 4, n.d.
11 Agricultural Import Barriers - Annex 3 - Levies, n.d.
12 Agricultural Import Barriers - Annex 4 - Health and Sanitary Regulations, n.d.
13 Royal Agricultural Society of England - National Agricultural Centre Region, 1984
14 Province of Manitoba - Report of the Provincial Addition to the Legislative Assembly for the Fiscal Year Ended March 31, 1984
15 Audio Cassette - Camp Music Workshop with Patty Shelly, 1978
21 Brown, J., The Secretary's Desk Book , n.d.
2 Quick, Herbert, The Fairview Idea: A Story of the New Rural Life . Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merril, 1919
3-4 Soil at Risk: Canada Eroding Future . A Report on Soil Conservation by the Standing Committee on Agriculture Fisheries and Forestry to the Senate of Canada, 1984
5 Fairbairn, Gary, From Prairie Roots: The Remarkable Story of the Saskatchewan Wheat Pool . Saskatoon: Western Producer Prairie Books, 1982
6-7 Hiebert, Susan, Growing Sugar in Manitoba, 1940-1990 . Altona: D.W. Friesen and Sons, 1990
8 Hamilton, F.W., Service at a Cost: A History of Manitoba Pool Elevators, 1925-1975 . Saskatoon: Modern Press, n.d.
9 Bertels, Sister Thomas More, In Pursuit of Agri-Power . Mantitowoc: Silver Lake College Press, 1988
10 Laut, Agnes C., The Canadian Commonwealth . Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merril, 1915
11 Gibson, L., Handbook for Literary and Debating Societies . Toronto: Hodder and Stoughton, n.d.
12 Canada West Foundation Special Task Force. Western Canadian Agriculture to 1990 . Altona: D.W. Friesen, 1980
13 Cashman, Tony, Edmonton Exhibition: The First Hundred Years . Edmonton: Bulletin, 1969
14 Broehl, Dwayne J., John Deere's Company . Double Day, 1984
15 Adjusting to Win . Report of the Advisory Council on Adjustment, March 1989
16 Gordon, Helen Watson, Can You Speak in Public? (Available from Youth Department Manitoba Federation of Agriculture), 1963 Revised Edition
17 Why Marketing Boards , n.d.
18 Save the Crow: The Saskatchewan Solution , n.d.
19 Agriculture Canada, Production Development Assistance Initiative 1987-1988 Review
20 Agriculture Canada, New Crop Development Fund 1987-1988 Review
21 Daciw, M., "A Preliminary Investigation into the Feasibility of Organizing a Cow Pool in Manitoba," in Agricultural Economics Bulletin , no. 2, July 1959
22 Morris, W.V., Water . Ottawa: Inland Waters Branch, Department of Energy, Mines and Resources, 1969
23 Ellis, J.H., The Ministry of Agriculture in Manitoba, 1870-1970 . Winnipeg: Economics and Publications Branch, Manitoba Department of Agriculture, 1971
24 Winter, George R., Protein Efficiency in Canada: Economics of Production, Transportation, Marketing and Consumption of Proteins by Man and Animals in Canada . Montreal: Canadian Livestock Feed Board, 1975
25 Agriculture in Denmark . Copenhagen: Agricultural Council of Denmark, 1977
26 Grains and Oilseeds: Handling, Marketing, Processing . Second Edition. Winnipeg: Canadian International Grains Institute, August 1977
31 Cattlemen: The Beef Magazine , 1989
2 Cattlemen: The Beef Magazine , 1990
3 Cattlemen: The Beef Magazine, 1991
Manitoba Rural Leadership Training Committee (MRLTC) Research Material, 1955-1971
34 Wampach, Jean-Pierre, "Rural Poverty in Canada, its Extent and Causes: Commentaire", June 1969
5 Mauch, Art, "Survival is the Name of the Game," n.d.
6 Mauch, Art, "Leadership Training in Michigan," n.d.
7 "Public Issues: What Determines Our Decisions?," n.d.
8 Shaffer, James Duncan, "A Brief Look at Collective Bargaining for Farmers as a Policy Alternative," September 12, 1968
9 Mauch, Art, "Potential Gains from Bargaining Power and Foreign Trade," January 7, 1969
10 "Development of Canadian Agriculture" - Proposals Submitted by Ministers of Agriculture of the Canadian Provinces to the Honourable H.A. Olson, Minister of Agriculture, November 22, 1971
11 Powers, Ronald C., "The Committee Concept Considerations of the Pre-Formation Stage," August 1964
12 Powers, Ronald C., "The Power Actors: Friend or Foe of the Change Agent," August 1964
13 Powers, Ronald C., "The Extension Committee: Facilitators or ...?," August 1964
14 Powers, Ronald C., "Power Structures & Pressure Groups: An Operational Problem of Resource Development," n.d.
15 Beal, George M., "Social Action: Instigated Social Change in Large Social Systems," n.d.
16 "Degree I Communication," n.d.
17 "A Community Development Training Service," n.d.
18 MacDonald, A.A., "Questions for Evaluating Feasibility of Each Project" and "Rural Farm Community: Case Study," n.d.
19 Mauch, Art, "Agricultural Bargaining: The Political Climate," n.d.
20 Hathaway, Dale E., "The Implications of Changing Political Power on Agriculture," November 13, 1967
21 Iowa State University of Science and Technology, "Worksheet for Group Member Roles," September 1963
22 The Royal Bank of Canada, "The Communication of Ideas," n.d.
23 Agricultural Extension Service - Iowa State College, "How Farm People Accept New Ideas" - Special Report no. 15, November 1955
24 "Developing Human Resources for Economic Growth" - A Series of Six Leaflets, n.d.
25 "A Career with World Bank Group," n.d.
26 Agricultural Policy Institute, "People and Income in Rural America: What Are the Choices?" - A Series of Leaflets, n.d.
27 Houck, James P., and James P. Kendrick, "The Protectionist Mood and Midwest Agricultural Trade" - North Central Regional Extension Publication 24, October 1968
28 "Agricultural Trade Policies: What are the Choices?" - A Series of Six Leaflets, n.d.
29 Headley, Douglas, and David Peacock, "The Food for Peack, P1: 480 and American Agriculture," Agricultural Economics Report, no. 156, February 1970
30 Mauch, Arthur, "Agricultural Policy - Directions in the 1970s" - Agricultural Economics Report, no. 160, April 1970
31 Duvick, Richard D., and Joseph N. Uhl, "Comparisons of Actual Farm Incomes with Party Incomes for Michigan Farmers, 1965 and 1966" - Agricultural Economics Report, no. 113, October 1968
32 Menzies, M.W., "Philosophical Dimensions of Rural Poverty in Canada" - Canadian Journal of Agricultural Economics, Volume XVI, no. 3, 1968
33 Farm Foundation - "Successful Extension Programs - Inflation and Economic Growth Competitive Structure for Agriculture Foreign Trade and Development - The Changing Structure of American Society," - Increasing Understanding of Public Problems and Policies, 1969
34 Farm Foundation - "Extension Public Affairs Program - United States' Role in World Affairs - Agricultural Policy Alternatives Rural Poverty" - Increasing Understanding of Public Problems and Policies, 1968
35 Kellogg Farmers Study - Correspondence, Study Programs, Pamphlets, 1965-1971

Return to Top