Keystone Agricultural Producers:

An Inventory of Its Papers at the University of Manitoba Archives & Special Collections

Inventory prepared by Brett Lougheed
University of Manitoba Archives & Special Collections
Winnipeg, Manitoba
(August 13, 2003)

Finding aid encoded by Brett Lougheed (August 13, 2003)
Finding aid written in English.

Revision History

  • July 26, 2005 - A.96-32 converted from EAD 1.0 to 2002 by v1to02.xsl (sy2003-10-15).

Collection Summary

University of Manitoba Archives & Special Collections
Dafoe Library, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba

Keystone Agricultural Producers

Keystone Agricultural Producers fonds


6.69 m of textual records



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Administrative History of Keystone Agricultural Producers

During the third week of October 1984, the Manitoba Farm Bureau (MFB) held its last meeting, approximately two years after members disagreed over how to handle the loss of the Crow Rate. In their last two motions, the MFB offered its best wishes to its successor, a fledgling general farm organization called Keystone Agricultural Producers, and thanked their employees for years of hard work and dedication.

Manitoba’s new general farm lobby organization began one year earlier when the MFB formed an ad hoc Committee on Farm Organization Structure to address serious difficulties brought about by a stormy Crow debate and the subsequent loss of support from Manitoba Pool Elevators in 1982, and United Grain Growers in 1983. The MFB also faced reduced involvement of the Manitoba Cattle Producers Association due to funding problems.

Over the next few months, the Committee, chaired by Bert Hall and Earl Geddes, developed a proposal for new general farm organization and organized a series of 25 meetings throughout the province to consult directly with producers. These meetings took place from January 9 to January 20, 1984 and close to 1,400 farmers participated with 1,026 returning questionnaires designed for the rural meetings. Bert Hall was one of the co-chairs of the Committee on Farm Organization Structure, instrumental in forming KAP.

The need for a new farm lobby organization to represent agriculture on issues common to all, was overwhelmingly endorsed with almost 97 per cent in favor. The questionnaires also included sections on structure, funding, fee levels, and additional comments. Given a clear mandate from the grassroots level, the Committee on Farm Organization Structure prepared a report and proposal for a new farm organization which was submitted on March 6, 1984.

The ad hoc Committee set out to travel the province again in April 1984, as a second series of rural meetings was scheduled to seek support, funding and delegates for the yet unnamed organization. General Council representatives and twelve delegates at the local level are elected by the time the meetings are complete on April 19, 1984. At about this time, and also due to the stormy Crow debate, the Saskatchewan Federation of Agriculture collapsed after representing farmers for 40 years. The decision was brought about by group members’ resistance to contribute funds, the continued withdrawal of members, and the failure of support for a restructuring proposal. Alberta’s farm organization, Unifarm, was facing its own difficulties at the time for much the same reasons. They eventually evolved into their present form as Wild Rose Agricultural Producers and Agricultural Producers Association of Saskatchewan.

By April 24, 1984, the new Manitoba farm organization had 400 paid members. Eight days later, membership exceeds 500 with a reported 6 to 16 memberships arriving in the mail daily. The first General Council meeting took place on June 15, 1984 and by noon the yet unnamed farm organization was no longer unnamed. Out of ten possible choices, delegates decided on Keystone Agricultural Producers. Rather than elect a president and executive, an executive committee was chosen consisting of 16 members (one from each of the twelve districts, and one from each of four commodity group members).

The new group took its first few cautious steps toward autonomy after the meeting as the KAP executive met to form committee to draft a constitution, by-laws and deal with the organization’s finances. In late September, KAP General Council met again where the constitution and structure was changed slightly and adopted. For the first time, KAP began to seriously discuss policy, passing four resolutions recommended by the executive committee.

Comfortable that their successor was healthy enough to stand alone and there would not be a farm lobby vacuum in the province,the MFB handed over the reigns to KAP almost one full month later. The MFB then closed shop permanently.

January of the following year, 1985, was a historic month for producers in Manitoba. Keystone Agricultural Producers held its first Annual General Meeting in Winnipeg where funding and membership were the top priorities. During the two day meeting, over 50 resolutions were discussed, Jack Penner was elected president, Earl Geddes was elected first vice-president, and Cam Henry was elected second vice-president.

Keystone Agricultural Producers (KAP) is a democratically controlled general farm lobby organization which represents and promotes the interests of agriculture and agricultural producers in Manitoba. It is a grassroots organization wholly run and funded by its members, with all policy set by producers throughout Manitoba.

KAP has standing policy on a variety of issues including Safety Net Programs, Western Grain Marketing, Land and Resource Use, Taxation, Environment and Sustainability, Livestock Manure Management Strategy, Farm Labour, Health and Safety, Affiliations, Farm Inputs and Finance, Transportation, Government Services, Property Rights and Wildlife Resources and Trade.

Policy is set by delegates and directors elected from individual and group members. Close to twenty committees, comprised of members and the President (ex officio), research a number of issues and report back to the executive and the General Council. Both the elected executive and management are responsible for implementing policy in the best interests of the members.

Its mission is to be Manitoba's most effective, democratic policy voice, while promoting the social, physical and cultural well being of all agricultural producers.

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Scope and Contents of the Papers

This collection consists of files, reports, correspondence, and related materials pertaining to and documenting the history of the Keystone Agricultural Producers.

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Organization of the Papers

This collection has yet to be organized.

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Arrangement of the Papers

This collection has yet to be arranged.

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Restrictions on Use

There are no restrictions on this material.

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Related Papers

Several other unprocessed accessions are housed by the University of Manitoba Archives & Special Collections including A.93-92, A.98-29, A.00-31, and A.01-34. The records of the Keystone Agricultural Producers predecessor, the Manitoba Farm Bureau, are also within the holdings (MSS 69, PC 138)

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Custodial History

The collection was donated to the University of Manitoba Archives & Special Collections by the Keystone Agricultural Producers in 1996.

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Other Finding Aids

The finding aid for the Manitoba Farm Bureau fonds is available on-line, as are file lists for Keystone Agricultural Producers accessions.

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Detailed Description of the Collection

Keystone Agricultural Producers File Listing, 1930-1985
11 Advance Payments for Crops, n.d., 1981
2 Agribonds, 1982-1983
3 Agricultural Credit, n.d., 1976, 1981-1984
4 Agricultural Extension, 1951, 1963-1985
5 Agricultural Policy, n.d., 1956-1984
21 Agricultural Research, 1966-1967, 1973, 1976, 1984
2 Agricultural Statistics, 1968, 1971-1975, 1980-1984
3 Agricultural Student Exchange, 1982-1983
4 Agricultural Committee, 1969
5 Artificial Insemination, n.d., 1954-1969
6 Assessment, 1965, 1973-1982
31 Beef Policy, 1974-1975
2 Budgets, 1976-1985
3 Canadian Grains Council, n.d., 1969
4 Canadian Agricultural Congress, 1970
5 Canadian Broadcasting Corporation, 1976-1978
6 Canadian Federation of Agriculture, 1952-1975
41 Canadian Federation of Agriculture, 1975-1985
51 Canadian Wheat Board, 1976, 1984
2 Canagrex, 1981-1984
3 Canfarm, n.d., 1977, 1982
4 Co-operatives n.d., 1962-1969
5 Competition Policy, 1977-1978
6 Crop Insurance, 1981
7 Crop Losses, 1981
8 Diploma Agricutural Graduates Association, 1981
9 Dairy Policy, 1968-1983
10 Drought Assistance, 1962
11 Economic Development, 1963-1979, 1985
12 Education Finance, 1966, 1971-1984
13 Energex - Energy, 1981-1982
14 Expropriation, 1967, 1973
61 Farm Labour, 1966, 1972-1984
2 Farm Organization Information, 1930, 1936, 1948-1985
71 Farm Organization Unity, 1967-1968, 1977-1978
2 Farm Machinery, 1967-1974
3 Farmstart, 1982
4 Feed Grains, 1969-1983
81 Food Policy, 1975-1981
2 Grains Check Off, 1980-1981
3 Government, 1977-1978
4 Farm Products Imports/Exports, 1969-1972
5 International Federation of Agricultural Producers, 1963, 1980, 1983
6 Income Assurance, 1965, 1975-1977
7 Income Tax, 1978
8 Inflation, 1969, 1975-1976, 1982
9 Interest Relief, 1981
10 Land Use, 1960, 1965-1975, 1984
91 Land Use, 1970-1983
101 Land Use, 1977-1984
2 Landlord Tenant Act, 1970
3 Livestock, 1952-1955, 1976-1978
4 Lobbying, 1971, 1978
5 Manitoba Agriculture, 1970-1985
6 Manitoba Environmental Council, 1975
7 Manitoba Egg Producers' Marketing Board, 1976, 1979
8 Manitoba Farm Bureau, 1965-1981
111 Manitoba Farm Bureau, 1981-1984
2 Manitoba Federation of Agriculture, 1955-1964
3 Manitoba Government, 1983
4 Milk, 1975, 1977
5 Marketing, n.d., 1938, 1965-1980
6 Manitoba Red Meats Council, 1968
7 Manitoba Federation of Agriculture and Co-operation, 1956, 1958
8 Manitoba Sugar Beet Producers' Association, 1979
9 Manitoba-Ottawa Delegation, 1959, 1972, 1979
10 New Brunswick Federation of Agriculture, 1977, 1979
11 Nuffield Foundation, 1972, 1976
12 Ontario Federation of Agriculture, n.d., 1976, 1981, 1984
13 Parity, 1982
121 Pesticides, 1973, 1981-1985
2 Plan Breeders' Rights, 1979-1980
3 Politics - Agricultural Issues, 1967-1980
4 Manitoba Pool Elevators, 1955, 1973-1982
5 Press Clippings, 1965-1967
6 Press Clippings, 1968
7 Press Clippings, 1969
8 Press Clippings, 1972
9 Press Clippings, 1973
10 Press Clippings, 1974
11 Press Clippings, 1975
12 Press Clippings, 1976
13 Press Clippings, 1977
14 Press Clippings - Beef Producers, 1977
15 Press Clippings, 1978
16 Press Clippings, 1981
17 Press Clippings, 1982
18 Press Clippings, 1983
19 Press Clippings, 1984
20 Press Clippings - Committee on Farm Organization (C.F.O.), 1984
21 Quota Values, 1978-1980
22 Saskatchewan Federation of Agriculture, 1972, 1978-1983
131 Senate Reform, 1983-1984
2 Soil Conservation, 1977, 1981-1984
3 Speeches, 1961-1967, 1975
4 Stabilization, n.d., 1967-1985
141 Taxation, n.d., 1967-1985
2 Trade and Tariffs, 1984
3 Unifarm, 1974, 1982
4 Union of Manitoba Municipalities, 1980-1983
5 United Grain Growers, 1984
6 Water Policy, 1962, 1968-1984
7 Weather Forecasting, 1978-1984
8 Western Agricultural Conference, 1973-1983
151 Western Grains Research Fund, 1976, 1981-1984
2 White Paper Reforms, n.d.
3 Transport - Trucking, 1966-1976, 1981-1984
4 Transport - Rail, n.d., 1950-1952, 1966-1984
161 Transport - Rail, 1974-1982
171 Transport - Rail, 1982-1985

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