John Loxley:

An Inventory of his Records at the University of Manitoba Archives & Special Collections

Inventory prepared by Sarah Story
University of Manitoba Archives & Special Collections
331 Elizabeth Dafoe Library
(November, 2014)

Finding aid encoded by Sarah Story (November, 2014)
Finding aid written in English.

Collection Summary

University of Manitoba
331 Elizabeth Dafoe Library


John Loxley fonds

1965 - 1992

1.01 m of textual records, 1 photograph

MSS 401 (A14-96)

English Language

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Biography of John Loxley

John Loxley is a Professor of Economics in the Department of Economics at the University of Manitoba. Loxley is a prominent economist, published widely and extensively in the areas of community economic development, international development, and international monetary finance. He is concerned primarily with alternative economic theory and policy. His publications consist of fifteen books and monographs, and over one hundred and fifty papers and reports. He has also served, in various capacities, on the following editorial boards: Journal of Development Policy and Practice, Journal of Developing Areas, Review of African Political Economy, Studies in Political Economy, Internet Journal of African Studies, Canadian Journal of Development Studies, Canadian Dimension magazine, and Uchumi.

John Loxley was born in Sheffield, England in 1942 into a large working class family. He completed a Bachelor of Arts (with Honours) in Economics (1963) and a Ph.D. in Economics (1966) at the University of Leeds in England. His Ph.D. dissertation is entitled “The Development of the East African Monetary and Financial System, 1950-1964.” In the mid-1960s, he began his academic career as a lecturer in the Economics Department at Makerere University in Kampala, Uganda and the University of Dar es Salaam in Tanzania, during which time he also served as a research manager and an economist for the National Bank of Commerce Tanzania while performing duties as director of the Department of Economics and Planning at the Institute of Finance in Tanzania.

Loxley immigrated to Canada in 1975 to take up the appointment of Secretary (Deputy Minister) of the Resource and Economic Development Sub-Committee for the Province of Manitoba. In July of 1977, he began teaching in the Department of Economics at the University of Manitoba where he later served as head of the department (1984 to 1997) as well as the coordinator of Research, Global Political Economy Program for the Faculty of Arts (2002-present). In June 2014, he was appointed a part-time executive coordinator position on the Premier’s Advisory Council for Education, Poverty and Citizenship, while continuing to teach and advise Ph.D. students at the University of Manitoba, and fulfill his position as a lead researcher for the Manitoba Research Alliance (MRA) Partnership for Change project.

Over the span of his career, Loxley has served as economic advisor to governments in Uganda, Tanzania, Madagascar, Mozambique, Manitoba, and during the incoming presidency of Nelson Mandela in South Africa. He has also acted as an advisor for a number of international policy institutions, such as the African Capacity Building Foundation. In 2005, Loxley became a Fellow to the Royal Society of Canada, and during his lifetime, he has received numerous awards and recognitions for his teaching, academic performance, and services to the broader community, such as the Canadian Association of University Teachers (CAUT) Distinguished Service Award in 2008 and the Galbraith Prize in Economics and Social Justice by the Progressive Forum in 2010. In 2002, a symposium was held in his honour at the University of Manitoba, “Governance and Adjustment in an Era of Globalization: An International Symposium in Honour of John Loxley”, followed by a book of published essays in 2005, “Globalization, Neo-Conservative Policies and Democratic Alternatives: Essays in Honour of John Loxley.” His biography has been entered into Who’s Who in Canada, a publisher of biographies of eminent Canadians.

Loxley holds a life-long membership with the Manitoba Canadian Center for Policy Alternatives (CCPA-MB), a progressive policy organization that he has collaborated with on numerous studies. He was the coordinator of the first Alternative Federal Budget in Canada and the first Alternative Provincial Budget in Manitoba. Loxley is a key founder and principal investigator of a $2.5 million SSHRC partnership grant with CCPA-MB that collaborates with academic researchers, inner-city and Aboriginal organizations, and government partners in Manitoba to examine community economic development, poverty and social exclusion in inner-city and Aboriginal communities. In addition, he was an expert witness for the First Nations Child and Family Society of Canada in a case before the Canadian Human Rights Commission on the underfunding of services to First Nations communities. And, he has served as chair or an executive member on numerous board of directors in Manitoba, such as: Pollock’s Hardware Co-op Ltd (a community owned Winnipeg store), Ogijiita Pimatiswin Kinamatwin (“OPK” is an Aboriginal Youth Housing Renovation Project for ex-inmates), SEED Winnipeg (a community-based micro-lending institution), CHO!CES - A Coalition for Social Justice, the Society for Manitobans with Disabilities, Oxfam, the Manitoba Anti-Apartheid Coalition, and Manitoba Hydro.

According to an interview conducted by ARP Books with Loxley, his political awakening happened in a series of stages, beginning with his experiences and upbringing in industrial England where he learned to associate with the causes of labour, reject Conservative policy, and understand the purposes of the colonial liberation struggle. Later, he was introduced to progressive economics at the University of Leeds, a radical department in the 1960s. However, he explained that it was during his work in Africa (Tanzania and Mozambique) where he truly “discovered what radical politics and social and economic transformation were about.” In Africa, he was a part of the attempts to build socialism in the 1960s and 1970s, and it was also at this time that a series of banking reforms he proposed were implemented. Since then, Loxley has influenced policy and development in Canada and abroad, and as of 2014, he continues to actively work in-community with various stakeholders in the community, academe, and government to produce progressive policy change.

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Scope and Contents of the Collection

The second accrual is divided into 10 series and 18 sub-series. These include publications and papers, correspondence, reports, research materials, notes and reference materials, which are primarily related to John Loxley's roles as a student at Leeds University, an economic advisor in Uganda and Tanzania, Secretary (Deputy Minister) of Resource and Economic Development Sub-Commitee for the Province of Manitoba, and researcher of gender and economics in Ghana, and structural adjustment in Africa. An accrual of digital records is expected in 2015 or later.

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Arrangement of the Papers

This collection is arranged in 7 series, including: 1. University of Leeds 2. University of Manitoba 3. Uganda 4. Africa 5. Tanzania 6. Province of Manitoba 7. Ghana 8. South Africa 9. Zambia 10. Eritrea. The folders in the sixth series have been kept in the original order imposed by John Loxley and described according to the labels utilized in his personal records system. All the files were previously stored in his offie at the University of Manitoba and home.

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Restrictions on Access

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Restrictions on Use

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Index Terms





Document Types:


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Related Materials

Johns Loxley fonds MSS 401 (A13-26)

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Custodial History

The A14-96 accrual was donated by John Loxley to the University of Manitoba Archives & Special Collections in 1 allotment in September 2014.

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Other Finding Aids

See the John Loxley fonds MSS 401 (A13-26).

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Detailed Description of the Collection

University of Leeds [ [196-?] ]

11 Lecture Notes, Economies and Industry [196-?]
2 Lecture Notes, Logic [196-?]
3 Lecture Notes, Fiscal Policy [1963?]
4 Lecture Notes, Statistics [196-?]

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University of Manitoba [197-?]
15 Rough Draft of "The IMF and the Transition to Socialism" with Notes [197-?]

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Uganda 1961-1990
16 Interviews, President Musevini and Various Others 1986
7 Various Reports, Papers, Publications 1961-1979
8 World Bank Documents 1982-1985
9 "Exchange Auctions", CPD Dicussion Paper 1985
21 Economic Recovery Programme [198-?] - 1988
2 IMF in Uganda, World Employment Programme, Foreign Currency Auctions 1985 - [198-?]
3 Various Publications, Uganda and Africa 1986-1987
4 Newspaper Clippings, Ugandan Politics and Economics 1986-1987
5 Budget Backgrounder and Economic Policy Guidelines 1985-1986
6 Speech by H.E. to the International Development Research Centre and Copy of President Musevini's Address to the Nation 1986 and 1987
7 Uganda Policy Framework Paper for 1987/88 - 1989/90 [198-?]

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Africa 1984
28 Documents of the World Bank, "Institutional Development in Africa", Volumes1 and 2 1984

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Tanzania 1970-1986
29 Page from Loxley's United Nations Passport, Director of the Institute of Finance Management 1973
10 Economic and Operations Report June 1980
11 IMF Negotiations, Background Papers 1983
12 Confidential Correspondence between World Bank and Minister of Finance 1980-1981
13 Document of the World Bank, "Tanzania Agricultural Sector Report" 1982
31 Commentary on Reports 1981
2 Working Papers 1981-1982
3 "Interim Report on a Structural Adjustment Programme for Tanzania" 1982
4 "Economic Recovery in Tanzania: An Outline of a Strucutural Adjustment Programme" 1982
5 Publication "The National Economic Survival Programme" 1982
6 Address "Five Years of CCM Government" 1982
7 Document "Tanzania's Second Five Year Plan...", Vols. 1 and 3 1969 and 1970
41 Report "The Annual Plan..." 1970/71 - 1971/72
2 "The Fall of Village Socialism", Newspaper Clipping 1970
3 Agriculture in Tanzania, Various Papers 1974, 1980, 1981
4 "A Letter to my Superiors..." by Father Bernard A. Joinet, Vols. 1 and 2 1984/85 and 1986

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Province of Manitoba 1970-1978
45 Daily Copies, February 1975 - April 1975 1975
6 Daily Copies, April 1975 - May 1975 1975
7 Daily Copies, June 1975 and July 1975 1975
8 Daily Copies, August 1975 and September 1975 1975
51 Daily Copies, October 1975 and November 1975 1975
2 Daily Copies, December 1975 and January 1976 1975-1976
3 Daily Copies, Februry 1976 and March 1976 1976
4 Daily Copies, April 1976 and May 1976 1976
5 Daily Copies, June 1976 - august 1976 1976
6 Daily Copies, September 1976 - November 1976 1976
7 Daily Copies, April 1977 - June 1977 1977
8 Personal Files, 1974 1974
61 Personal Files, 1975 1975
2 Personal Files, 1976 1976
3 Personal Files, 1977-78 1977

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Ghana 1981-1988
64 "Ghana Country Program Review 1984/85 to 1988/89", Confidential Report of the Canadian International Development Agency 1983
5 "Ghana: Economic Crisis and the Long Road to Recovery", Publication by Loxley 1988
6 "Structural Adjustment Programs in Africa", Paper by Loxley
7 International Montetary Fund, Correspondence and Reports 1986 and 1987
8 Various Papers and Correspondence 1987
9 Report on Domestic Resource Mobilization 1981
10 Reports on Policies and Program for Adjustment 1983
11 Report on Managing the Transition 1984
12 Reports on Strucutural Adjustment 1985
71 "Report and Recommendations of the President..." 1987
2 Miscellaneous (Status of Women, Agricultural Policy) n.d.
3 Miscellaneous (Women, Class Struggle, Structural Adjustment) 1984
4 Miscellaneous (Women and Development, Services for Women and Children) 1984
5 "Unicef Situation Analysis of Women and Children" 1984
6 Miscellaneous (Statistics, Economic Recovery, Women and Development) 1985
7 Miscellaneous (Canadian Aid to Ghana, Agriculture, Economic Trends) 1986
81 "Report on the Integration of Women into Development" 1986
2 "Women in Development: Issues Related to to Norrip Programme Proposals" 1986
3 Miscellaneous (Statistics, Public Investment Program, Structural Adjustment) 1987
4 "Repairing the Social Fabric: An Action Program for Social Development" 1987
5 "Urbanization, Modernization and the Employment of Women" 1987
6 Newspaper Clippings, Various 1987
7 Papers on Structural Adjustment 1987

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South Africa 1981 and 1986
88 Reference Materials, "Th Crisis in South Africa" and "South Africa in Struggle", Monthly Review 1981 and 1986

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Zambia 1986
89 World Bank Report, "Country Economic Memorandum..." 1986

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Eritrea 1992
810 Reference Materials, "Special Report on Eritrea" 1992

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