Andrew Taylor fonds,
MSS 108, PC 110, MC 1
7.92 m of textual records and other material
The fonds includes 1269 b&w photographs, 27 colour photographs,
447 negatives, 267 slides, 77 glass slides, 44 maps, 23 plans, 26
drawings, 2 blueprints, 5 contact sheets and 6 postcards.
Andrew Taylor B.Sc (C.E.), M.A., Ph.D, D.Sc., O.C.,(1907-1993) was
a polar explorer. An immigrant to Canada from Edinburgh, Taylor
earned his Engineering Degree from the University of Manitoba in
1931. Upon graduation, he landed a job as a Provincial Surveyor.
Taylor moved to Flin Flon Manitoba in 1933 becoming the Town Engineer.
It was here that Taylor met his future wife, Martha Porter, whom
he married in 1939. After the death of his wife in 1963 he married
Pauline Hanson, who died in 1979. With the outbreak of war, Taylor
joined the Canadian Army and travelled to the United Kingdom. However,
in 1943 he was transferred from the Canadian Army to the British
Navy as part of a secret mission. The initial name of the mission,
"Naval Project 475", was changed to "Operation Tabarin." Within
this mission he sailed to the Antarctic, where he remained for two
years. The project then underwent a second name change becoming
known by the moniker of "The Falkland Islands Dependencies Survey."
Taylor himself, recruited because of his cold weather surveying
experience, later became leader of the expedition. He earned the
distinction of being the only Canadian to have ever commanded an
expedition in the Antarctic. In 1946, upon his return from the Antarctic,
Taylor received a promotion to Major and a posting in the Canadian
Army, specifically to the Direcorate of Engineering Development
in Ottawa. Once there, he was immediately recruited into the role
of observer on an American/Canadian weather station reconnassaince
venture, called "US Naval Task Force 68."
As part of this expedition, Taylor travelled in and around the Queen
Elizabeth Islands, the northernmost reaches of the Canadian Arctic.
During this tenure at the Directorate, Taylor was appointed to the
Canadian Committe of the International Geographic Union (1947) and
the Soil and Snow Mechanics Committee, National Research Council
In 1950, Taylor enrolled
at the Institute of Geography of the University of Montreal. There,
he undertook and completed the required course work for both his
M.A. and his Ph.D. Following the year in Montreal, Taylor returned
to the Directorate of Engineer Development in Ottawa, where he worked
ostensibly on cold weather testing of military equipment in close
cooperation with the U.S. Corp of Engineers Research and Development
Labratories at Fort Belvoir, Vermont. In conjunction with this work,
Taylor joined the Snow, Ice and Permafrost Research Establishment
(SPIRE) [sic], where he developed an expertise in the compaction
of snow for employment in roads, airstrips and other high pressure
uses. Taylor retired from the Army in Oct, 1952. He struck out on
his own as a private research contractor, receiving an important
contract from the geography Branch of the US Navy to produce what
ultimately developed into his Ph.D. dissertation. In 1956 he was
awarded a second contract, this time from the U.S. Air Force as
an assistant project Engineer, working out of Churchill, MB. He
was responsible for the preparation of DEW Line station layouts.
With the completion
of his American contracts, Taylor found himself preparing feasability
reports for mining companies. From here, he opened his own engineering
consulting firm, based jointly in Ottawa and Winnipeg. Taylor's
final professional endeavour was that of joint proprietor of the
Antiquarian Book and Art Gallery.
Tthe Andrew Taylor
fonds, consists of eight series: Taylor's personal life, his time
in the Antarctic (Operation Tabarin); his time in the Queen Elizabeth
Islands (US Naval Task Force 68); his career as a practising engineer;
general correspondence Taylor's popular writing career; maps; and
There are no restrictions on this material
No further accruals are expected