NOTE: Apart from Original Findings
such as the 1904/5 "Fanny
or early Correspondence by/about Greve referring to FrL, ALL documents in the
UMA Collections were obtained either by exchange or for scholarly publication
purposes from the single most important FrL Collection, Literary Manuscripts,
University of Maryland.
See Literary Curator Dr. Beth Alvarez' excellent GUIDE for provenance & processing
details, and her August 2010 Announcment about digitizing this Collection.
About Else Baroness von
Freytag-Loringhoven: a "Historical Note"
by Dr. Beth
Source: UMaryland EAD
The Papers of Else von Freytag-Loringhoven
Maryland Archives, Literary Manuscripts
(5 Boxes, adapted from the Umd GUIDE)
FrL in the UWisconsin Little Review Collection
for various Else
Freytag-Loringhoven Resources, including:
mss & typescript,
Copies exchanged with the University of
Maryland in 1991
Book ed. by Spettigue & Hjartarson,
1994: Baroness Elsa (incl. some corr.)
Video Interview about Else & Greve, 1902/3-1909/10 
about Else & Greve's 1904/5 'Fanny
poems, Else's related German poems in the UMaryland
Collections (Schalk & Du),
the couple's Sparta,
year in 1910/11, and FrL as the unacknowledged model for Grove's
anti-heroine Clara Vogel in his first Canadian novel Settlers
of the Marsh (1925, UMA, G. H. Wade copy,with Dustjacket ill.)
Irene Gammel's Biography of
Else von Freytag-Loringhoven, MIT,
editions, 2003 & 2005, the latter
as FrL Exhibition Catalogue at the Literaturhaus Berlin,
dada Americano (1970)
by Arturo Schwarz; includes:
Man Ray's & Duchamp's
short-lived "journal" New
1921, with FrL 2 photos
Francis Naumann Gallery's Exhibition Catalog, NY, 2002
Various OTHER related Books, Documents or Resources,
dada exhibitions, Greve's German novels about her and
the Stefan George Circle, Endell, Hardt, Schmitz; Man Ray, Duchamp, The Little
Review (TLR), Djuna Barnes, etc.
E-Documents by/about Else
Gide's 1904 "Conversation":
Greve's appended Oct. 1904 LETTER to Gide
addresses Else & the
multi-layered 'Fanny Essler' Plans in
Else in Dachau,
facsim., detail; AB excerpts)
Else at Dr.
Gmelin's Sanatorium in Boldixum, near Wyk
auf Föhr, Oct./Nov.
(Postcard; AB excerpts)
Else as translator of
FrL (in her autobiography) & Greve (to Gide)
say she did NOT translate French texts!
1904/5; FPG Corr. excerpt; FrL Note, UMd)
Gide in 1921: Account by 'La Petite Dame'
Else arrested in Pittsburgh in September 1910
of NYT Notice,
e-Text, & commentary]
coverage in the NY Times, Dec. 5, 1915
Lectures about FrL & FPG:
"FPG (Greve/Grove)'s Obsession with Else Ploetz,
Endell, Greve, & Freytag-Loringhoven." [Power-Point
Production, 56 slides, ©Dec2003]
Presented for the
UW German-Canadian Studies Program at the University
of Winnipeg Faculty Club, Dec. 4, 2003
"Else Ploetz meets August Endell in Munich/Dachau, 1900." -- LCMND
Conference, Minot, N.D., October 2005.
"Else Baroness von Freytag-Loringhoven in Germany, New
York, & Paris, & her importance to the UM's
FPG (Greve/Grove) Collections." -- Invited Lecture for Professor
M. Baker's Art History Class, Oct. 2005.
FrL Exhibition at the Literatur
Haus in Berlin, March to May, 2005:
[Gisi's impressions of this event & the LitHaus
Berlin exhib. of March 2005 coming soon]
Berlin LitHaus FrL Exhibition:
for the Cabaret Voltaire, Zürich, Dec. 2005
to Jan 2006
website info FrL
Exhibition in Zürich's Cabaret Voltaire, 2005/6
Baronin Freytag-Loringhoven's Impressions, Dada Exhibition
in Paris, 2005
FrL's name in small, but central letters
NYT review of a
2006 dada exhibition including FrL at Francis Naumann's
e-Texts by/about Else
Poems about or References
to German Contemporaries:
Marcus Behmer. --
August Endell. -- Leo Baron von Freytag-Loringhoven
Above all: FPG (Felix Paul Greve),
her most important lover & second husband
Ernst Hardt. --
Melchior Lechter. -- Oskar A. H. & Richard Schmitz. -- Karl Wolfskehl.
about Ernst Hardt
[set in Berlin, ca. 1896-98]
Satirical Poem about August
[set in Munich, ca. 1900]
Essler's" Seven Poems (1904/5)
100th Anniversary e-Edition in German & English:
Else & F. P. Greve in Berlin, Wyk auf Föhr, & Palermo in 1902/3
Gedichte/Poems [I & II]
(Freistatt, Aug. 1904: "Tunis")
Drei Sonette: ein Porträt / Three Sonnets: a Portrait [III, IV, V]
(Freistatt, Oct. 1904)
Gedichte/Poems [VI & VII]
(Freistatt, Mar. 1905: "Husum")
NOTE: This interesting poetry cycle of seven
poems was published by FPG (Greve/Grove) & Else von Freytag-Loringhoven
(FrL, divorced Endell at the time) under their joint pseudonym "Fanny
Essler" in the journal Die Freistatt in 1904/5.
On March 25, 2005, on occasion of the 100th Anniversary of their first
publication, and the Grand Opening of the Freytag-Loringhoven Exhibition
at the Literaturhaus, Berlin, these poems were made available as e-texts as
parallel German/English texts.
Greve is the central topic of these poems. See a facsimile image of the
sonnets, which describe, in Petrarchan fashion, his brutal hands, his
cold eyes, & his ever lying mouth. Curiously, Grove's autobiographical
novel A Search for America (1927, e-Ed. 2000 & 2005)
echoes the second of these attributes, namely, FPG's icy-cold stare.
Felix Paul Greve, the subject of the 1904/5 'Fanny Essler' poetry cycle,
is also addressed in many Freytag-Loringhoven poems in her University of
Maryland, College Park, Collection. In fact, we owe it to one of her German
poems that "the Kentucky wilderness" where "FPG" abandoned her in 1911
was the small rural town of Sparta, not far from Cincinnati.
Several of FrL's German poems bear a direct relation to this early poetry
cycle, notably, the central sonnet "Portrait" of FPG [FrL's "Herbst"],
and the final "Husum" snow poem [FrL's "Du"]. In her poem "Schalk" she
furthermore combines Greve's rather negative 1904/5 "Sonnet"- and the ca.
1912 "Herbst" character traits with the impetuous storm metaphor of FPG's
poem "Erster Sturm" (1907).
A manuscript version of this poem & two English translations thereof are
extant among Grove's papers in the UM's archival collections.
For biographical information about the 'Fanny Essler' poems, the novel Fanny
Essler (1905), & the use of the name "Else Greve" for certain Flaubert
translations, see Greve's long, 17.10.1904 confessional
letter to André Gide, which the latter appended to his first draft
avec un Allemand." FrL is addressed in this text as well: Greve asks
Gide where in Paris he might buy Henna for her.
In her revealing Autobiography (AB, UMaryland), where Greve looms large,
she mentions that she started dying her hair red in Palermo in mid-1903,
while Greve was serving a prison-term for fraud in Bonn.
All of these sources are readily available as separate, related
FPG & FrL
webpages [see links below], or as part of FPG's
much expanded 2007
e-Poetry edition [originally published in Dec. 1993, Cover
to FPG's poetry
edition (1993, e-Ed. 2006, 61 p.)
the 1904/5 'Fanny Essler' complex (poems & novel) ...
... or the many German poems FrL prefaced "An FPG"
The "dada Baroness" FrL is often remembered
in the Autobiographies or Correspondence of American Contemporaries like
William Carlos Williams
... & many others
E-Resources about Else von Freytag-Loringhoven
Gallery of Images & Documents
Naumann's Collection, New York:
of the NY April 2002 FrL Exhibition Catalogue
Back-Cover of the
NY April 2002 FrL Exhibition Catalogue
FrL by Theresa Bernstein,
1917: from the NY 2002 FrL Exhibition Catalogue
the German version of Irene Gammel's FrL Biography, 2003
FrL Dachau 1900:
Dr. Gmelins Sanatorium,
Boldixum, near Wyk auf Föhr
FrL in exotic costume, NY,
photo adapted from the LC Bain Collection
FrL & Claude
McKay in exotic costume, NY, ca. 1920:
photo from the LC Bain
Essler" Sonnets about
1840 in Broom, 1922
poem "Circle" with oblong ill., in Broom,
FrL's poem "Schalk" about
FPG, ca. 1923
using EYE, HAND, & MOUTH in 1904 Sonnets & the
Fall allegory in FPG's pet poem
"Erster Sturm" (1907 & ca.
Sparta, KY, 1986: Map
[ONLY ref. on FrL's "Schalk"]
as the letter "A" in Man Ray's great "mer" (sea) / "merde" (shit) pun,