Socio-cultural Characteristics of Band Level Society

  1. small group size - seldom more than 50 people
  2. bilevel organization - groups congregate into larger encampments during some seasons and disperse during others
  3. bilaterial descent and kinship stucture
  4. flexible group composition
  5. sharing ethos - acts as a system of social rather than physical storage
  6. egalitarian political and economic structures
Family unit residing in a Ju/'hoansi camp

Some hunting societies were able to organize on a larger scale at least during some seasons of the year. Plains groups congregated in multiband groups of over a hundred people to conduct communal bison hunts. Peoples of the North West Coast establish permanently located village settlements that they resided in during the winters.

bison hunt

Communal bison hunt in Manitoba


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