Horticulture (Subsistence Cultivation)



Basic subsistence characteristics
  1. Farmers do not make heavy labour commitments or expenditures to create capital items such as irrigation works
  2. Cultivation strategies are designed to maximize the use of unmodified natural resources
  3. Basic plot patterns are designed to replicate rather than restructure the natural environment and involve techniques of polyculture, or intercropping of complementary plants.
  4. Lengthy fallow periods are imposed to re-establish soil fertility after short periods of cultivation.
  5. Yields per acre are relatively low.
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