Industrialism (subsistence patterns)

  1. mass production based on fossil-fuel-powered machinery tapping unprecedented energy levels
  2. a shift of employment base from primary production (agriculture) to secondary (manufacturing) and tertiary (service sectors)
  3. allocation of labour through a wage-based labour market
  4. factory organization of labour, in which home and workplace are separated
  5. division of the world into manufacturing and raw material producing regions.

Social Features

  1. urbanization of society
  2. breakdown of localized community structures and identities
  3. nuclear family individuation
  4. growth of a middle class
  5. enhanced status mobility