Theories of Religion

 
 
  1. Cognitive - considers religious beliefs as an attempt to construct and explain the fixed order of natural and social phenomena 


  2. Psychological - views religion as a mechanism for expressing and alleviating emotional drives and frustrations


  3. Social - focuses on the ability of religion to represent and strengthen the integrity of social groupings and status


  4. Ecological - understands religious practice as a way of maintaining a balance between human groups and the natural environment