Anthropological Theory

Ethnological Schools

  1. Historical particularism


  2. Ethnoscience/ethnosemantics

  3. (We will investigate some aspects of ethnosemantics in the unit on language)

  4. Structuralism


  5. Structural-functionalism - a social determinist theory which interprets cultural institutions as a means of promoting social harmony within the group.

  6. Marxism - another social determinist theory that interprets cultural institutions as a means of underwriting class divisions within society

  7. Cultural evolution
    (We will investigate some aspects of cultural evolution in the unit on subsistence

  8. Cultural ecology