Cognatic Descent Systems
Non-unilineal, or cognatic, systems
- construction of social groups and categories through any or all of
an individual's acknowledged relatives beginning with both his/her father
- open, non-discrete, and non-exclusive groupings
the inclusion of all of an individual's relatives within a given range.
They are usually ego focused and formed by tracing relationships from
parents throughout an everwidening network of kinship called a
involve an exclusive
selection of membership in a father's or mother's group, usually upon
(Alternative forms are based on a choice of living with husband's or wife's
family after marriage.) They are ancestor focused and become organized
by tracing descent from either father or motsher, but not both, and back
through a similarly restricted string of forbearers.
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