Kinship Fundamentals.

Yoruba Egungun Dancer

The Yoruba of West Africa commemorate family ancestors in the form of masked dancers who become possessed by the spirits of the deceased family members

Image credit: © 1997 by Egba-Egbado Descendants Association. All rights reserved.
Social organization
  • study of norms, roles, and groupings that define identity, regulate social behaviour and interaction, and impose a social order.


  • form of social organization based on descent (parentage) and marriage.
  • most basic principle of organizing individuals into social groups, roles, and categories. 
  • present in all societies