State societies

Characteristics:
  1. substantial increases in population density to as many as 2,000 people per square mile,

  2.  
  3. stratification - the presence of a non-producing elite, holding wealth and power on the basis of private land ownership

  4.  
  5. centralization - the presence of territorial state

  6.  
  7. occupational specialization - the presence of full time craft producers

  8.  
  9. urbanization - the presence of population concentrations with special control functions

  10. peasantries - the presence of rural agricultural communities linked to cities to supply food to non-agricultural classes.

Ziggurat


Victory of Naram-Sin, 
4th king of Akkad