Stateless societies

Stateless societies have no formal or specialized political institutions or offices. 

Political functions are performed and social order is maintained through informal mechanisms and the activities of generalized social institutions such as the kin group. 

Relevant political functions.

  1. allocating authority

  2.  
    • informal leadership
    • non coercive
    • non hereditary

    •  
  3. judicial process: enforcing norms/adjudicating disputes

  4.  
    • mobilization of public opinion
    • mediation (Nuer leopard skin chief)
    • moots
    • removal and ostracism
    • self help => segmentary opposition

    •  
  5. conducting warfare

  6.  
    • social integration
    • support status hierarchy
    • ecological regulation