Dr. Elijah Songok

Assistant Professor, Department of, Medical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases, Rady College of Medicine, University of Manitoba; Chief Research Officer; and Head of Graduate School, Kenya Medical Research Institute (KEMRI), Nairobi Kenya; Research Professor, Department of Viral Infections and International Health, Kanazawa University, Japan.

Degrees:  BSc (Biochemistry), University of Nairobi; MSc (Biochemistry), University of Nairobi;  PhD  (Viral Infections), Kanazawa University Japan.

Mailing Address: c/o of Jude Zieske, Room 514C, Department of Medical Microbiology, Basic Medical Science Building, 745 Bannatyne Avenue, Winnipeg, MB R3E 0J9
KEMRI Graduate School, Kenya Medical Research Institute, Mbagathi Road, Nairobi, Kenya

Winnipeg Tel: (204) 977-5609 Fax: (204) 789-3926
Nairobi Tel: +254-713112853; +254-2027-11255,
E-mail: Elijah.Songok@umanitoba.ca; Esongok@kemri.org

Research Interests:
Viral genetics (HIV and Viral hepatitis) and neglected parasitic tropical diseases(NTDS). Current research areas include identification of novel biomarkers for HIV drug development; Viral hepatitis molecular epidemiology, and efficacy and feasibility of use of nutraceuticals and natural products for communicable and non-communicable disease control.

For a list of Dr. Songok's articles available on PubMed, please click here


1. Kabogo J, Muniu E, Wamunyokoli F, Musoke R and Songok EM (2018).Evidence of reduced treatment adherence among HIV infected pediatric and adolescent populations in Nairobi at the onset of the UNAIDS universal test and treat program.  BMC Res Notes. 2018 Feb 17;11(1):134. doi: 10.1186/s13104-018-3205-0.
2. Matey EJ, Tokoro M, Mizuno T, Songok EM and Ichimura H (2016). Positive correlation of HIV Infection with Giardia Intestinalis assemblage B but not with assemblage A in asymptomatic Kenya children AIDS 15: 2885-7.
3. Omange RW, Ocholla AO, Kwallah AO, Kageha SN, Mwangi J, Cherutich RK,  Nzomo T, Agwenyi S, Yonga P, Kariuki F, Kyalo M, Mutai PC, Nindo F and Songok EM. Meeting Report: UNESCO-MERCK Africa Research summit 2015-accelerating access and sustaining innovation from Africa for Africa. Afr J Infect Dis. 2016 Nov 24;11(1):26-43. doi: 10.4314/ajid.v11i1.4537. eCollection 2017.
4. Ochwoto M, Kimotho JH, Oyugi J, Okoth F, Kioko H, Mining S, Budambula NL, Giles E, Andonov A, Songok EM, Osiowy C(2016). Hepatitis B infection is highly prevalent among patients presenting with jaundice in Kenya. BMC Infect Dis. 2016 Mar 1;16(1):101. doi: 10.1186/s12879-016-1409-2.
5. Matey EJ, Tokoro M, Nagamoto T, Mizuno T, Saina MC, Bi X, Oyombra JA, Okumu P, Langat BK, Sang WK, Songok EM, Ichimura H.(2016). Lower Prevalence of Entamoeba species in children with vertically transmitted HIV infection in Western Kenya. AIDS. 2016; 30:803-5
6. Cheriro W, Kiptoo MK, Lihana R, Liang B, Hezhao J, Brook J and Songok EM (2015): High prevalence of low abundance HIV antiretroviral drug resistance variants in a drug naïve population in North Rift Valley, Kenya: AIDS and Human Retroviruses. 2016; 31:1274-7
7. Saina MC, Bi X, Lihana R, LWEMBE r, Ishizaki A, Panikulam A, Owens M, Songok EM and Ichimura H (2015). Comparison of HIV nef and gag variations and host HLA characteristics as determinants of disease progression among HIV vertically infected children in Kenya. Plos One 10(8):e0137140. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0137140. eCollection 2015.
8. Andonov A, Songok EM, Ochwoto M, Osiowy C, Ball TB (2015). HIV and hepatitis C virus coinfection in Kenya. Lancet Infect Dis 2015, 15:1377-78
9. Nzau B, Nganga Z, Kiptoo M, Oliviera M, Wainberg MA, Songok EM (2014): Evaluation of glycolytic inhibitors as potential anti-HIV agents: East and Central Africa Medical Journal 1: 18-21
10. Kibaya RM, Lihana RW, Kiptoo M, Songok EM, Nganza Z, Ichimura H,and Lwembe R (2015). Characteristics of HBV among HBV/HIV-1 coinfeceted Injecting drug users from Mombasa Kenya Curr HIV Res 13:292-9
11. Songok EM, Nzau B, Plummer F, Wainberg MA and Mpoke SM (2014): Glycolytic Inhibitors as anti-HIV agents. AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses A206-A207. Doi :10. 1089/aid. 2014. 5447
12. Kiptoo M, Brooks J, Lihana RW, Sandstrom P, Nganga Z, Kinyua J, Lagat N, Okoth F and Songok EM. (2013) HIV drug Resistance-associated mutations among HIV infected drug-naïve antenatal clinic attendees in rural Kenya. BMC Infectious Diseases doi: 10.1186/1471-2334-13-517.
13. Kinyua F; Kiptoo MK, Kikuvi G, Mutai J; Muiruri P, and Songok EM (2013); Perceptions of HIV infected patients on use of cell phones as a tool to support antiretroviral adherence: A cross sectional study in a large referall hospital in Kenya. BMC Public Health 13:987. doi: 10.1186/1471-2458-13-987.
14. Songok EM, Ball TB, Kaefer N, Apidi W, Liang B, Luo M, Kimani J, Boucher G, Wachihi C, Sekaly R, Fowke K, and Plummer F (2012). Microarray analysis of HIV Resistant female sex workers reveal a gene expression signature pattern reminiscent of a lowered immune activation state . PLoS ONE. e30048.