Marshall J. Gauvin:

An Inventory of His Papers at the University of Manitoba Archives & Special Collections

Inventory prepared by A. E. Millward
University of Manitoba Archives & Special Collections
Winnipeg, Manitoba

Finding aid encoded by Julianna Trivers (2002)
Finding aid written in English.

Revision History

  • July 26, 2005 - MSS 47, PC 36 converted from EAD 1.0 to 2002 by v1to02.xsl (sy2003-10-15).

Collection Summary

University of Manitoba Archives & Special Collections
Elizabeth Dafoe Library, Winnipeg MB R3T 2N2

Marshall J. Gauvin

Marshall J. Gauvin fonds


7.1 m of textual records

MSS 47, PC 36


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Biography of Marshall J. Gauvin


1873 Founding of The Truth Seeker

1876 Founding of National Liberal League (name changed 1885 to American Secular Union).

1881 Marshall J. Gauvin born 3 May, Dover, N.B. ca. 1899 - ca. 1912 Employed at Intercolonial Railway car shop, Moncton, N.B.

1907 Delivered first recorded public freethought lecture, Moncton, N.B.

1910 Delivered first recorded lecture outside Moncton, at Boston, Mass.

Began writing for The Truth Seeker

1912 Moved to Toronto

1913 Moved to Indianapolis

1914- Lecturer, Pittsburgh Rationalist Society.

1921 Married Bertha L. Becker

Birth of daughter, Madeleine Suzanne

1921-1926 Lecturer, Twin City Rationalist Society

1926-1940 Lecturer, Winnipeg Rationalist Society (name changed ca. 1934 to Winnipeg Humanist Society).

ca. 1940-ca. 1945 Employed at MacDonald Brothers Aircraft plant, Winnipeg

1946 Elected president of National Liberal League Associate editor, The Truth Seeker , till death.

1954 Canadian delegate to 31st International Congress of Freethinkers, Luxembourg

1977 Death of Bertha L. Gauvin

1978 Died 23 September, Winnipeg


( Originally delivered as a talk in the Discovery Hour series, Archives & Special Collections, 14 January 1987 by A.E. Millward. An audio recording of this lecture can be found in TC 43 .)

It happened that in October 1986, while I was immersed in the sorting of the Gauvin papers, I took a fortnight's vacation and made a random selection of reading matter from the Library shelves. One volume was Arnold Bennett's novel Clayhanger , a story about a printer in an English Midlands pottery town, published in 1910 and set in the latter part of the 19th century. One characteristic that immediately interested me was the vein of freethought, of rationalist criticism of religion and the established social order, that ran through the narrative. It interested me because one feeling that has been common among those of us who have been working on the immense quantity of material in the Marshall J. Gauvin collection, the rows of books, the heaps of pamphlets, the boxes of papers -- one feeling has been that this lifetime of accumulating, of digesting, of utilizing, now looks very dated, very remote from the concerns of today. This reaction I want to return to; but for the moment what I want to point out is the extent to which Gauvin was formed by and came to embody one powerful element in the intellectual life of his time. At least as represented in Gauvin's thought and work, this element comprised two main strands and one subsidiary. The main strands related to the double blow given to traditional religious thinking in the nineteenth century by Darwin's theory of evolution and by the rationalist criticism of the Bible. The subsidiary strand was the social criticism of Marx, which also, of course, contributed to the attack on religion. It is in this context of a controversy setting at odds and rousing the passions of the social forces of the day that we must assess the life and work of Marshall J. Gauvin.

My intention is to give an outline of Gauvin's life, to provide some account of the materials acquired by the University of Manitoba Libraries, and to suggest some areas of interest to researchers. What I have to say must be seen as reflecting the contents of the Gauvin papers, not the results of a comprehensive investigation of all the appropriate sources.

1.a. The Life of Marshall J. Gauvin

The chronology of a life is only a skeleton and gives partial and misleading clues to the personality of the whole man. Certain characteristics of Marshall J. Gauvin come out clearly in the written materials left to us; others would be lost entirely or overlooked but for chance remarks by outsiders. Of these perhaps the most superficial is his skill, his eloquence, as a public speaker, to which ample testimony remains: as early as 1909, in Moncton, N.B., he could deliver one of his famous lectures, An Appeal for Truth in Religious Teaching , and have the local newspaper speak out no more strongly than to say that everyone could enjoy how he said what he had to say, even if not everyone would agree with the content.

It is less easy to recover his sense of humour and personal charm, which are mentioned occasionally but more persuasively attested by the longevity of his friendships: wherever he lived, he made friends, and however far away he journeyed, and for however long, he continued to correspond with them and to resume closer contact with them whenever circumstances permitted.

Again, it takes some effort to keep in mind the tenacity of purpose which held him to his course despite the cost in material comfort and security. To profit from his natural abilities would have required compromises which not many would find difficult to make.

As is not uncommon, what was most important about the man gets lost in the telling.

Marshall J. Gauvin was born April 3, 1881, in Dover (also called Fox Creek) New Brunswick, some seven miles from Moncton. Probably he was the eighth of ten children of Israel Gauvin and his wife Madeleine Dorion. I say "probably" because in Marshall's adult years there were two brothers and three sisters living, and a third brother is once identified in the papers. The total of ten, with names, comes from a genealogist of the Gauvin clan, who, again according to the evidence of the papers, makes one mistake in dating two of the sisters.

When we began recording Marshall's library, there was some amusement over the variation in spelling between the original French form, Gauvin, and its anglicized form, Govang. Marshall's younger brother throughout his life used the anglicized spelling. Marshall himself reverted from the anglicized form to the original French about 1910, that is, about the time when he was preparing to leave Moncton to begin his career as a free-thought lecturer. For want of other internal evidence, in the register of the collection I have used the anglicized form for all except Marshall, his wife and his daughter.

His forename goes the other way. It seems that he was baptized Marcel. This was anglicized into Marshall and, of course, remained so. The Jerome, however, was his own invention: he began by inserting an initial J. into his signature and assigned it the value Jerome. This process was legitimized in 1946 when he needed a birth certificate for a proposed permanent return to the U.S.A. Because it then came to light that his birth had not been registered, his first certificate carried his name in the form of his own choosing.

As with many Maritimer families, there was much coming and going with the North-eastern States. Of Marshall's six known siblings, three settled permanently in the States, and it was only by chance, or perhaps mischance, that Marshall himself ended his days in Winnipeg. The family was poor, and half its members remained poor. The youngest surviving son, who stayed in Moncton, and the oldest surviving daughter, who lived in the States, became, by family standards, well off. This sister, Suzanne, and an older brother William who died about 1905 are the two in the family who evidently shared Marshall's intellectual ability. It seems to have been William who influenced Marshall's conversion to rationalism.

Marshall's early years are unrecorded. Apparently in his infancy the family moved into Moncton, where he received whatever formal education he had. Essentially he was self-taught and he retained a certain disdain for higher education: one of his lectures was entitled "Is a College Education Worthwhile?" and his general conclusion seems to be NO. I find no indication that in him this attitude was, as it can easily be, defensive. He had a better-stocked and a livelier mind than most who spend their youth in colleges. The weakness I sense is that he did not experience the critical testing of ideas in direct interplay with other well-stocked and lively minds. His life was full of arguments and debates, but, to judge from the evidence of the papers, when he came in contact with opponents who could have refined his thinking, he was too embroiled with the content to benefit from their critical method.

To be more specific: The Biblical exponents with whom Gauvin contended were fundamentalists or modernists. Gauvin and the fundamentalists bashed each other with equal subtlety and doubtless with equal satisfaction. Gauvin and the modernists began with some common assumptions, and in Gauvin's eyes the modernists were either stupid or hypocritical not to go on to reach the same conclusions as he. When one of them would try to lead him to see that the common assumptions could have different conclusions, Gauvin seemed unable to apply to his own thought processes the critical acumen which demolished the arguments of others. It is this failure which deprives his lectures in this category of the lasting interest one would like to find in them. But one needs to qualify that negative judgment with a recognition of Gauvin's own and immediate purpose in composing and delivering his lectures.

I have strayed from his life before getting far into it. As a young man he worked in the Intercolonial Railway car shop in Moncton, from about 1899 to 1912. This training served him well for the rest of his life, since he was able to supplement the scanty income from lecturing and writing by working as a carpenter. It is reported that he began what became his public career by reading poetry to his fellow workers in the shops. And this period marked the decisive turning-point in his life.

Gauvin's parents had, as might be expected, been Roman Catholics, as his mother remained to her death. His father, however, had early become a Baptist, and Marshall, following him to chapel, received adult baptism in 1899. He later gave a characteristic explanation for his preference for the Baptists: the service was in the vernacular, there was a lot of preaching, and the minister wore ordinary clothes. Gauvin also relates how his attendance at the Baptist chapel contributed to his conversion to rationalism. He tells how the minister, a Rev'd W.B. Hinson, used to punctuate his sermons with a reference to "the man who has often been repudiated from this platform, Colonel Robert G. Ingersoll".

Is Colonel Ingersoll anywhere nowadays a household word? In nineteenth century America he was synonymous with the freethought movement, and librarians can measure his importance by observing that the Library of Congress classification schedules give him his own range of numbers. For Gauvin's assessment I refer you to his lecture "Jesus or Ingersoll: which is the Better Guide in the Twentieth Century?"

Within a few months of that baptism, Marshall paid a visit to his brother in Boston and there encountered the works of Colonel Ingersoll for the first time. There was no turning back.

Gauvin began his public lecturing in Moncton in the early years of this century. I have mentioned the newspaper report of a 1909 lecture, and it is clear that he was already well-known locally. That same lecture was printed and published in Moncton that year. The following year, 1910, in the Commercial Hall in Boston, he delivered a lecture which is significant of another of his lifelong concerns: "Socialism, the destiny of Democracy".

In the summer of 1912 Gauvin left Moncton. He spent the next several months in Toronto -- there is no record of his activities there -- but in the spring of 1913 he moved to Indianapolis and for the next thirteen years he lived and worked in the United States, from 1914 to 1921 in Pittsburgh, from 1921 to 1926 in Minneapolis. In both these cities he had a recognized, permanent position, as lecturer first to the Pittsburgh Rationalist Society, then to the Twin City Rationalist Society. The position was the rationalist equivalent of a minister in a church congregation. The lecturer was hired to deliver a weekly lecture before the Society, from September through May or June; and he would be called upon to perform other public functions such as funeral orations. During this period Gauvin held offices in the Rationalist Association of North America and, more significantly, in the American Secular Union, whose organ, The Truth Seeker , became the vehicle for much of Gauvin's published work even long after his public lecturing had ended. Several of his lectures were published as pamphlets, and the series on evolution became a modest length book.

It was in Pittsburgh that Gauvin met and married Bertha Lisette Becker. Bertha was of Austrian-German parentage. Her paternal grandfather had sent his sons out of Austria one by one as they reached the age of conscription. Her mother, August Becker's third wife, cared for nine children of her own in addition to the three left by her predecessors. This was already a free thought household before Gauvin entered it -- he delivered the funeral orations over Bertha's mother and young sister.

Bertha was trained as a court stenographer and recorded Gauvin's lectures as they were delivered. She went on to enter law school, and because her freedom to practice would depend upon her being an American citizen, she refused to marry Gauvin unless he took out American citizenship. He agreed, filed the first papers, and they married. But, having some reservation in the matter, he failed to complete the process, he did not change his Canadian citizenship, and Bertha was not admitted to the bar. The incident is in accord with a certain ambivalence in Gauvin's attitude towards women. Several lectures give evidence of an appropriately enlightened approach to a variety of women's issues but in his actual dealings with women he was affected by the conventions of his time.

After several years in Pittsburgh, Gauvin formed the idea of going out on a lecture circuit to spread the free thought gospel. Through the Pittsburgh Rationalist Society and The Truth Seeker , subscriptions were sought to finance the tour, and some $5,000.00 was raised. The tour took Gauvin from Pennsylvania, through West Virginia, Ohio, Indiana and Illinois, to Minnesota. Having used up half the fund to cover expenses, he concluded that a travelling lecturer could pay his way only if his reputation had preceded him, and a reputation could be built up only through success in a settled situation. Because he had been warmly received in Minneapolis, he accepted an invitation to settle there as lecturer to the Twin City Rationalist Society.

Gauvin remained in Minneapolis for five years, but he did not succeed in building up the level of solid support which could undergird his wider ambitions. In 1926 he was invited to Winnipeg to deliver a series of three lectures under the auspices of the One Big Union, and again his initial reception was enthusiastic enough to nurture the hope that in Winnipeg his dream could be realized. He was making a bigger gamble, because here he had no Rationalist Society awaiting him; but there was still the remnant of the original fund to see him, his wife and five-year-old daughter through the difficult early years. The move was made in the late summer of 1926.

For the next fourteen years Gauvin's life centered upon his weekly lecture series, under the familiar September-through-May schedule. The lectures were given on Sundays, originally in the afternoon, then in the evening, in one of the downtown theatres: the Metropolitan, the Garrick, the Dominion. Occasionally there were supplementary series during the week, as on literary subjects; and other social events were tried, whether to help develop the sense of solidarity found in church congregations or simply to augment the weekly income -- for it remained pretty much a hand-to-mouth existence, and bills sometimes had to go unpaid from the end of one season till after the beginning of the next.

In name Gauvin was, as previously in Pittsburgh and Minneapolis, lecturer to the Winnipeg Rationalist Society -- in the mid-thirties he changed its designation to the Winnipeg Humanist Society, as being more in keeping with the times. But the Winnipeg Society was his own creation, and there is no indication that it had any substantial backing. I do not mean by this that Gauvin failed to interest others in his ideas and in his work, but that he seems not to have been supported by the kind of organization that existed in the American cities. In efforts to achieve some financial security, Society memberships were sold, lecture tickets were sold, copies of the lectures were sold. Audiences were large, sometimes overtopping the thousand mark; but they were also hard-up, and the collections barely covered expenses.

Gauvin struggled on into the first year of the Second World War. Then he was able decently to end after his fourteenth season by "joining the war effort", though more candidly in private he acknowledged that movies, radios and cars spelled the doom of public lecturing. During the war he worked at his old carpentry trade at MacDonald Brothers Aircraft plant -- this was later bought out by Bristol. Doubtless aided by a steadier income, he was able to buy several pieces of property, which he renovated and rented out.

After the war it briefly appeared that he was being given the long-sought opportunity. As part of an effort to thwart a resurgence of religious feeling in the United States, freethinkers were organizing the National Liberal League to uphold the constitutional separation of church and state, and it was proposed that Gauvin should become president and move permanently to New York to undertake the active management of the League. Most importantly, this would ensure that he could at last devote himself unreservedly to the work to which he was committed. It meant, also, that Bertha would again be within reach of family and friends of a lifetime, and that Madeleine could find professional training for a musical career.

Gauvin did indeed go to New York; he became president of the National Liberal League; and there was some kind of culmination in a trip to Europe in 1954 to the 31st International Congress of Freethinkers in Luxembourg. But, for reasons not entirely clear in his papers, the whole project fizzled out, before Bertha and Madeleine made more than visits outside Winnipeg.

It got off to a bad start through dissension among the leading figures - rationalism did not prevail over human nature. It looks as if Gauvin's long absence on the periphery -- and perhaps his own transparency - left him exposed to the intrigues of others. One of the dissenters implied that he had embezzled that old 1921 touring fund. Another queried his claiming expenses for his trip to New York. A third started a charge of anti-Semitism, in a feud which sputtered on for years.

Gauvin seems to have remained in the States, at least intermittently, from 1946 to 1952; and at least in the latter years he was still earning money by hiring himself out as a carpenter. He was over seventy. He returned finally to Winnipeg.

However sharp a disappointment this episode must have been, it made no observable difference to his energy, his industry, his dedication. Gauvin still had a quarter-century of activity before him. His chief outlet, apart from his letter-writing, was in writing for The Truth Seeker , where he was now the one surviving representative of old-style free thought. He wrote editorials on current topics and reviews of current books; but in large measure it was a matter of culling the mass of lecture material for subjects of living interest to him and, it seems, to a remnant of faithful readers. Before his ambition was still dangled the prospect of a volume of collected essays, but even this satisfaction was denied him. A few years after his death The Truth Seeker did publish a volume of reprints, in a format typical of what that journal had become and far inferior to the booklets printed nearly 75 years earlier.

Up to the last year of his life Marshall Gauvin embodied the vigor of body and mind which he thought befitted the free thinker. He was 97 when he suffered a stroke and endured four months of helplessness before he died on September 23, 1978.


Gauvin once estimated that from 1921 to 1940 he had delivered 800 lectures: 240 during his years in Minneapolis, 560 in Winnipeg. In a sense, all of them were intended to free his audiences from the superstitions of religion and to free them for a life based upon fact, truth and reason. This, to Gauvin, was the meaning and purpose of free thought. He saw religion itself as a delusion and as a means by which people were kept from an attainable freedom. Consequently, throughout his lectures and articles there is an ubiquitous anti-religious element, and a large number of them are direct attacks upon religion and religious beliefs.

It would, however, be a mistake to imagine that week by week for over thirty years he thundered against religion as his fundamentalist opponents thundered against irreligion. What is impressive is the range of subject matter that came within his interest and constituted the reading from which his lectures were formed.

Most expectable is the material from the natural sciences and in particular anything to do with the evolution of the universe, of life, and of human society, because in his eyes all this undermined the claims made for the Bible. But from the attention he paid to this topic it is clear that it fascinated his curious mind far beyond its usefulness in the campaign for enlightenment. It gave him scope for series of lectures, which he further enlivened by slide illustrations -- this was not the only topic on which he gave illustrated lectures, but it was by far the most important. Evidently these were among his most popular lectures, outranked only by the public debates with some well known antagonist.

The theme of the evolution of human society led naturally into the consideration of any number of social issues, again linked by the thesis that religion causes and perpetuates social problems, freedom from, religion is freedom to solve social problems. He was interested in the nature and processes of justice and the legal system. He spoke out strongly against capital punishment and corporal punishment. He involved himself personally in specific cases: the sentencing of a bank caretaker for taking money left lying around, a man charged with indecency towards juveniles, the political persecution of his friend and supporter Lewis St. George Stubbs. He was too accustomed to being the target of attacks to worry over the unpopularity of his causes.

I referred earlier to Gauvin's interest in the position of women. He championed the availability of information about birth control. His concern about numbers and quality in population brought him to eugenics, where rationality all too easily ends in inhumanity and elitism. His Truth Seeker colleagues took the plunge into racism, with increasingly irrational outbursts against Jews and blacks; but, despite the risk of guilt by association, Gauvin himself cannot fairly be charged with any prejudice beyond what is inevitable in any person growing up in a particular place at a particular time. The charge of anti-Semitism was easy against one who attacked all religion and the whole Bible; but Gauvin constantly and consistently spoke out against the persecution of the Jews and against such blatant fomenters of race hatred as the notorious Protocols of the Learned Elders of Zion .

His own circumstances and the context of the great depression made it natural that Gauvin should give some thought to economic questions, in historical, theoretical and practical terms. Here for once his sense of the importance of the topic outstripped his assessment of his audience, and in the fifth lecture of a projected lengthy series on "The world's economic distress" he admitted that he was giving up before he found himself addressing an empty auditorium.

Throughout his career Gauvin reported on, commented upon, current events. In the last years of the First World War he was advocating the formation of a League of Nations, and subsequently he recorded the promise and the failure of the League. He spoke about the Russian revolution, the rise of the dictatorships in Italy and Germany, the Italian occupation of Ethiopia, the Spanish Civil War, the Sino-Japanese War, Munich and Czechoslovakia, Finland, the attack on Poland. He was not content to be a disinterested observer: he was an active member of the Winnipeg Committee to-Aid Spanish Democracy, and he gave the principal address at a Benefit Concert for Polish Relief.

Economics and current events came together in one area of interesting development in Gauvin's thinking. He had begun as a workingman; he never ceased to be a workingman; and it was with working class interests that he primarily identified. In 1910 in Boston he lectured on socialism as the "destiny of democracy". In 1917 in Pittsburgh he reported enthusiastically on the Russian revolution. Through the early thirties he delivered intermittent talks on the communist achievements in the Soviet Union. In the late thirties there was an about-face, so unmistakable that he felt obliged to make a public explanation. He says that he is responding to new and contradictory information about conditions in the Soviet Union; presumably he was affected by such undeniable facts as the Soviet attack on Finland. He became as zealous an opponent of communism as he had been an advocate. Late in life in Winnipeg he attended a labour institute and warned against a one-sided approach to labour-management disputes.

This development is instructive also because it illustrates Gauvin's dependence upon his reading. In many of his lectures he names the particular source he is using, for content or as a jumping-off point. Many lectures are explicitly reviews of books or plays or films.

But especially in his lectures on religious topics a favourite starting-point was some clergyman's latest sermon. An advantage in lecturing in the afternoon or evening was that Gauvin could attend morning service in a church where the advertised sermon topic had caught his fancy; or, if for some reason he could not attend himself, he would send someone to take notes for him -- he once complains of having to talk about what the sermon topic probably gave rise to, because his stenographer had failed him. Then, that same day, or on a following Sunday, he would tear the sermon to shreds. It is easy to imagine how popular this made him with the city preachers, especially when the best of his attacks were reported in the daily papers. He was willing to take on anyone, but his favourite targets were the United Church modernists, because, as I mentioned earlier, they could be charged with betraying both traditional Christianity and the logical consequences of their own premises. This leads us to one of the most entertaining aspects of Gauvin's life: his incessant controversies -- entertaining certainly to the outsider, but it is difficult not to believe that Gauvin himself enjoyed what he so regularly brought down upon himself. ILLUSTRATIVE CONTROVERSIES: THE LECTURER

Late in 1930 Gauvin was informed that the advertisements for his weekly lectures would no longer be accepted for the church page in the newspapers -they would be accepted, but not for the church page. Supposedly the ban resulted from a complaint lodged by representatives of the several denominations. Gauvin was not the man to take such a rebuff quietly. He at once began sending out indignant letters of inquiry, and one by one replies came in disclaiming both responsibility and knowledge. Eventually he ferreted out that the complaint was the work of two ministers, F.W. Kerr of Knox and J.S. Bonnell of Westminster. The two do not come out creditably. They were Gauvin's most common victims, and their rancour is understandable. Their underhandedness is less excusable. It appears that they had led the newspaper editors to believe that they were voicing a consensus of the city clergy. Once Gauvin began his inquiries, they concealed as long as possible their almost exclusive responsibility. After they had been identified, they continued to try to implicate others. Throughout, they maintained that the key issue was the inappropriateness of the church page for Gauvin's notices. He, of course, with much reason retorted that his lectures dealt as much with religion as ever their sermons did -- and more candidly. The dispute continued for over a year, and though the justice of Gauvin's cause was apparent, he was still excluded from the church page. In settling for the entertainment page, he said that on it were to be found as much religion and more honesty. One of his local supporters sent him a clipping to demonstrate that his notice now stood back to back with the church ads.


The Truth Seeker was founded in 1873, and when Marshall Gauvin first contributed to it, before the First World War, it was firmly under the control of George E. Macdonald, third editor and still an old-style freethinker. But for the many decades when Gauvin was most closely associated with it, it was edited first by Charles Smith, then by James Hervey Johnson. For years Gauvin was listed as an associate editor, but, apart from his writing occasional editorials, there is no sign that he had any influence at all upon the character of the journal. In time only his own articles retained any likeness to what The Truth Seeker had once been and had been intended to be. For Smith and Johnson were racists to an extreme, and their overriding interest was to use The Truth Seeker as a mouthpiece for that cause. They disregarded all complaints from old supporters. They shrugged off cancelled subscriptions. The decline of the journal they saw as part of the great Jewish-black conspiracy.

They took to editing those articles from Gauvin which they thought smacked of the enemy; some they rejected outright. Of course Gauvin argued back, sending them his article-length letters which so innocently expect the reader to be as rational as the writer. He tackled them on the general question of racism, on their specific objections to his writings, on the reaction of the old guard, on the state of the journal. Nothing deterred them.

Old colleagues and new admirers urged him to abandon The Truth Seeker and to put his work where what he valued was still upheld. He acknowledged the justice of their arguments, but he could not bring himself to make the break. The Truth Seeker represented to him the bright promise of his early manhood, and he continued to hope that it would become that again for a new generation of freethinkers.


The Gauvin family had, as I have mentioned, its pockets of affluence and its pockets of poverty. Poverty was represented by the sisters Emma and Alice. Alice, the youngest of the three surviving sisters, was a widow and a helpless invalid, spending her last years in a convent home, where Marshall administered her meagre finances. Emma, despite a ceaseless wail over ill-health, survived the two well-to-do siblings, Suzanne and Napoleon. Marshall was constantly nagging the sister and brother to give more thought to poor Emma and, particularly, to make sure that they made some provision for her in their wills. They, on their side, kept assuring him that Emma was duping him, and in the end they left her nothing at all. Marshall at once leapt at brother-in-law and at nieces and nephews to rectify an injustice which he was convinced Suzanne and Napoleon would not have committed if they had not been senile or the dupes in turn of their immediate family. Here was another situation in which he evinced that strange innocence, supposing that, once he pointed out to the heirs that they needed the bequests less than did Emma, they would be persuaded to part with them.


I began this account of the life of Marshall Gauvin with the remark that much of what is left to us looks very dated; but I qualified that remark by saying that it was a reaction at which we must take a second look.

The first observation that I want to make has to do with the task which he set himself. There is no sign that he thought of himself, or presented himself, as an original thinker, as an innovator. He was essentially an educator. He believed that when people are enabled to see the truth about themselves and their world, they are capable of putting themselves and their world to rights. His function was partly to pass on to them the necessary information, but, more importantly, to stimulate in them the same critical curiosity as characterized his own life. It was his passion to have them shake off the shams, the hypocrisies, the untruths and the half-truths which make slaves even of those who are called free. His work was akin to that movement of popular education, the workingmen's institutes, even though, particularly in Winnipeg, he worked so much in isolation – an isolation probably inevitable for one who could not refrain from attacking the institutions of the establishment. His lectures, then, and his articles should be seen not so much as contributions to debates which no longer concern us as expressions of a timeless resolve to open eyes and to awaken minds.

But, secondly, are these debates which no longer concern us? When you look down a list of his topics, how few there are which have passed out of our lives. There are still people on this continent who argue for creation over evolution. School children still need to protest against being subjected to the praying of others. We still have our fundamentalists and our modernists. Birth control, abortion, eugenics, capital punishment -- have any of these issues been settled? Politicians still play fast and loose with the lives they seek to manipulate. Neither Gauvin nor anyone else can hand us the answers, but they can exemplify for us the concern we need to feel over every attempt to befuddle the human mind.


Marshall Gauvin passed the second half of his long life far removed geographically from the centres of free thought; but his reputation and his writings created an expectation of the value of the resources he was accumulating.

It was fortunate, therefore, that the University of Manitoba Libraries were able to acquire the bulk of his collections. The collections comprise two main categories: his library and his papers.

Gauvin's library contained over 5,000 bound volumes, hundreds of pamphlets, and a number of runs of journals. Its chief interest and value are in what might be called the narrowly free-thought part - that is, the works dealing specifically with free thought, religion, and anti-religion; and it is these works which are being segregated into the Special Collections section of the Libraries, along with some individual items which are rare or fragile. But, as is clear from any account of his lecturing, Gauvin's collecting was far from being so restricted, and there are volumes representing every area of his own wide interests. If any one segment is to be noted, it perhaps should be the pamphlets relating to the Spanish Civil War. Eventually all these many items will be individually recorded in the Libraries' catalogues.

When dealing with books, one can easily feel gratitude for the person who never throws anything away. The gratitude becomes somewhat qualified when it comes to personal papers. Both books and papers in the Gauvin collections have suffered from water damage; and one wonders what mass of papers there would have been to sort but for that questionable ally, damp.

I mentioned Gauvin's calculation of 800 lectures delivered in Minneapolis and Winnipeg. His papers contain well over 600 titles, many of which can be dated to the Pittsburgh years. It is understandable, given Gauvin's object, the number of years over which he was lecturing, and the diversity of audiences, that he re-used much material, and variant titles often cover closely-related texts. But there are also many, many unique lectures.

The lectures survive in different forms. Several have been printed and published, including a few specimens of his funeral orations. Others were mimeographed for distribution and sale, and in this way there survives an almost complete run of the lectures given in his last three seasons, 1937/38, 1938/9, 1939/40. This, of course, has the additional interest of showing how Gauvin composed a series of lectures. Dating and series composition are evidenced also in a number of programs, from seasons in Pittsburgh, Minneapolis and Winnipeg, although these programs are not always reliable in detail because of Gauvin's readiness to change topics in response to some immediate situation. Many single lectures carry the date and place of delivery; others give clues which could be followed through. But many others are not so marked, and it is doubtful if one could now work out the entire sequence of Gauvin's regular seasons. Besides these series, there were shorter, occasional series, as that given to the Perry County Teachers' Institute in 1924; and single lectures or speeches, as those to the National Liberal League and the International Congress of Freethinkers.

For the most part we have typescript texts. Very often there is a full text, sometimes marked as having been taken down as delivered, and occasionally including audience reactions. Often there is a full or abbreviated text carrying in a wide margin the highlight notes which Gauvin used in delivering the lecture. Sometimes these notes survive separately. For many lectures we have all these formats, and variant versions, so that a text-history is readily constructed. When one adds to that the information about Gauvin's chief sources for a particular lecture and the mass of manuscript notes which may yield what he extracted from his reading, the evidence for composition is almost complete. We can go beyond that even to the theory of public speaking, for, apart from his natural interest in the technique, Gauvin at one time taught a course in public speaking, for which again lesson notes are preserved.

There are notebooks, loose sheets and scraps of paper filled with (usually) pencilled notes on books, their authors, publishers, prices and contents - all the rough preliminary work which eventuated in the lectures. Source material which could hardly have been reconstructed otherwise comes in notes taken of sermons and religious services. Lists of names and addresses supplement the correspondence in identifying those who formed his audiences, his colleagues, his adversaries.

The correspondence is, next to the lectures, the interesting and important component of the Gauvin papers. No item, I believe, antedates the First World War, but from that time on to the end of Gauvin's life there is an abundance. There are letters to and from the many members of both the Gauvin and Becker families; letters to and from the personal friends of Marshall and Bertha and Madeleine; above all, letters to and from all those affected by Marshall's work as lecturer and writer. Clearly we have lost many of the outgoing letters; but because the three principals followed a common practice of making carbon copies of the several revisions of their letters, we have in some instances more than was needed to satisfy us. Some of Marshall's letters were intended to become, and did become, lectures or articles; but others reach article length without any indication that they were to go beyond the immediate recipient. Marshall received both respectful and effusive letters of appreciation. But he also received and retained both hate mail and letters of appreciation. He was tirelessly patient and courteous in his replies.

Gauvin received or collected copies of the writings of his colleagues and correspondents. He extracted from journals articles that were in line with his particular interests. He clipped the newspapers, and one in particular from among his correspondents ransacked the New York papers for him. This constituted another enormous mass of paper, much of which was peripheral to the interest and usefulness of the collection and would be traced elsewhere by those in search of it. In general, what has been retained is the religious -- or anti-religious -- material. Although again this discarded material reflected the range of Gauvin's interests, it contained a disproportionate number of clippings of cold-war propaganda.

The collection included a comparatively small lot of photographs, mainly of family and friends; this is housed and recorded separately from the papers. There were also a few hundred glass slides, mostly from Gauvin's illustrated lectures on evolution. Many of them were disintegrating from exposure to damp and were deemed not deserving the expense of repair since, like the content of the lectures, they were derivative and not of independent value. The whole lot, however, has been handed over to the University's slide library for what salvaging is possible and worthwhile.


It is perhaps presumptuous of me, in conclusion, to volunteer a personal assessment of the research value of the Gauvin collection. I speak of the papers, not of the printed material, which can speak for itself.

I think that I have already made clear my opinion that a researcher should not come to this collection in search of original ideas on the topics of the lectures. I do not see Marshall Gauvin as an original thinker, but neither do I see this as a disparagement of his work nor as implying that that judgment negates any possibility of research interest. On the contrary.

In the first place, in line with what I have said about Gauvin as a popular educator, we have in this collection an extraordinarily full and rich portrayal of what might be termed adult extension courses in the twenties and thirties -for it must be remembered that these lectures represent not only what Gauvin personally wanted to talk about, but also what hundreds of persons were interested to hear about. Then, because we have the names and addresses of many of those who attended the lectures, it is possible to discover the demographic characteristics of his audiences. You may remember that it was the One Big Union that was responsible for Gauvin's first visit to Winnipeg. It is clear that few among his supporters could support him with cash. And a letter from Lewis St. George Stubbs re: the League of Nations Society confirms that Gauvin had a particular appeal to a more radical segment of Winnipeg society. There is a valuable piece of social history caught up in this, and a whole range of incidents from the life of Winnipeg of the period.

Secondly, the Gauvin papers ought not to be ignored by any student of the free thought movement in North America. If circumstances prevented his becoming the leader of the movement in his maturity, he was in close touch with the leading figures, and his papers preserve much of the inner history of the movement. In particular we find here so many illuminating details about the American Secular Union, the National Liberal League, and above all, The Truth Seeker .

Winnipeg between the wars was certainly a livelier and more interesting city by the presence of Marshall J. Gauvin. The University Archives are richer by the presence of his papers.

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Scope and Contents of the Papers

The Marshall J. Gauvin Papers are primarily a record of nearly three quarters of a century of lecturing and writing as a champion of free thought. From early in World War I to early in World War II Gauvin largely supported himself by weekly lectures for rationalist societies successively in Pittsburgh, Minneapolis and Winnipeg; and from World War II until the eve of his death he was writing or revising for publication articles, reviews, letters to editors. Over 600 titles are preserved in the collection, many on topics related to religion, but many others on current affairs of all sorts.

The collection contains the remnants of a voluminous correspondence connected with his work. There are letters from members of his lecture audiences and from readers of his articles. But of particular interest is the documentation of his on-going debates with clergy and of the internal politics of the free thought movement in North America. The correspondence includes, also, much related to the families of Marshall and Bertha Gauvin.

About a third of the photographs are of members of the Gauvin (Govang) and Becker families; others are of personal and professional acquaintances; some are related to lecture subjects.

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Organization of the Papers

This collection is organized into 5 series

  • B.CORRESPONDENCE, 1915-1977
  • D. RELATED DOCUMENTS, 1900-1978
  • Photograph Collection (PC 36)

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Restrictions on Access

Open to all researchers.

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Restrictions on Use

Copyright to unpublished material resides with the University of Manitoba, from which permission for use must be obtained.

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Related Papers

An audio recording of the University of Manitoba Archives & Special Collections Discovery Hour lecture about Gauvin (January 1987) can be found in TC 17.

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Custodial History

The library and the papers of Marshall J. Gauvin were donated to the University of Manitoba Libraries on 20 October 1980 by his daughter, Madeleine S. Gauvin. The Collection was appraised and later certified as "Cultural Property" under the Canadian Cultural Property Export and Import Act.

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Detailed Description of the Collection

11 Clippings re: M.J. Gauvin
2 "From Rome to Reason: The Story of My Religious Advance"
3 Miscellaneous autobiographical fragments
4 Leaf from letter (December 1917?) to Moncton friend
5 "Proposal Regarding an Itinerary of Freethought Lecturing”
5 "The Lecture Fund"
5 "Various Notes"
6 "Scoring the Ministers"
6 "Scorning the Ministers"
6 "A Rationalist Missionary Among School Teachers and Interfering Clergymen"
7 Miscellaneous documents re: Gauvin's sojourns in the U.S.A.
8 Income Tax Returns 1942-1949
9 Miscellaneous biographical memorabilia
10 Correspondence and other documents re: Gauvin's published works
11 Listings of Gauvin's lectures
12 Newspaper notices of lectures
13 Newspaper reports of lectures
14 Lecture series programs 1914-1933
15 Documents re: Winnipeg Committee to Aid Spanish Democracy
16 Memorabilia of the Benefit Concert in aid of the Polish Relief and Defense Fund
17 Clippings re: adversaries and associates
18 Business cards
19 Invitations, notices
20 Programs: religious services
21 Programs: concerts, plays
22 Miscellaneous memorabilia
Bills, Receipts, Etc. A-M [19-?]
21 Alex Stewart
2 Allan, Killam and McKay, Ltd.
3 Alsip Brick Tile and Lumber Co.
4 Ashdown's
5 Bank of Montreal: cheques etc.
6 Bank of Montreal: statements, etc.
7 C. Hubert Ltd.
8 Canada Post Office
9 Canadian Government Railways Employees' Relief and Insurance Association
10 Celebrity Concert Series
11 D.D. Wood and Sons, Ltd.
12 Dowse Sash and Door Co.
13 Emil A. Johnson
14 Empire Sash and Door Co.
15 Empire Wall Papers
16 Ford Teas and Coffee Company
17 Greater Winnipeg Gas Company
18 H. Hunt
19 Home and Property Owners Association
20 Home Bookbinders
21 Hudson's Bay Company
22 J.J. Swanson and Company
23 J.M. Cox
24 James Croft and Son
25 John Hancock Mutual Life Insurance Company
26 Leonard and McLaughlin Motors Ltd.
27 Manitoba Free Press Co.
28 Manitoba Telephone System
29 Moncton (N.B.)
Bills, Receipts, etc. N-Z
31 National-Ben Franklin Fire Insurance Company
2 Northern Public Service Corporation
3 One Big Union Bulletin
4 Prudential Insurance Company of America
5 Royal Arcanum
6 Rural Municipality of North Kildonan
7 Smith Agency
8 T. Eaton Co.
9 Toronto General Trusts Corporation
10 Tribune Newspaper Co.
11 Truth Seeker Co.
12 Wallingford Press
13 Walsh Decorating Co.
14 Watts & Co.
15 Weekly News
16 Wilson-Gregory Lumber Co.
17 Winnipeg, Manitoba
18 Winnipeg, Manitoba. Water Works Branch
19 Winnipeg Central Heating Co.
20 Winnipeg Coke & Coal Co.
21 Winnipeg Free Press
22 Winnipeg Hydro Electric System
Miscellaneous receipts:
323 books, stationery, etc.
24 building repairs
25 donations
26 fuel, heating, etc.
27 lecture series
28 lodgings
29 medical miscellanies
30 transportation
331 Miscellaneous receipts
32 Miscellaneous memoranda

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Gauvin/Becker Family Correspondence
41 M.J.G. to B.L. Gauvin (and M.S. Gauvin), 1927-1952
2 B.L. Gauvin (and M.S. Gauvin) to M.J.G.(and M.S. Gauvin), 1919-1954
3 Correspondence between M.J.Gauvin and M.S. Gauvin, [ca. 1940]-[ca. 1952]
4 M.S. Gauvin to B.L. Gauvin, [ca. 1927-1951]
5 F. Govang to A. McCarthy, M.J. Gauvin, 1930-1933
6 L. Handy to M.J. Gauvin, [ca. 1960-1974]
7 S. Houston to M.J. Gauvin, B.L. Gauvin; M.J. Gauvin to S. Houston, L.A. Houston; with related documents, 1930-1958
8 M.J. Gauvin to E. Doucet, 1926, 1965
9 E. Doucet to M.J. Gauvin, 1933-1967
10 K. Doucet to M.J. Gauvin, 1957-1977
11 M.E. Melanson; Emile Doucet to M.J. Gauvin, 1929; 1963; 1971
12 M.J. Gauvin to A. McCarthy, 1915; A. McCarthy to M.J. Gauvin, M.S. Gauvin, with related documents, 1929-1935
13 N. Govang, C. Govang to M.J. Gauvin; M.J. Gauvin to N. Govang, 1928-1962
14 M.J. Gauvin to H. LeBlanc, 1961-1977

with related documents

15 H. LeBlanc to M.J. Gauvin, 1955-1977
16 E.C. Taylor to B.L. Gauvin; M. Hoffman to B.L. Gauvin, 1942-1954
17 Elsie Kinsey to B.L. Gauvin; Robert Kinsey to B.L. Gauvin, [ca. 1941]-[ca. 1950]
18 B.L. Gauvin to H. Turnbaugh; H. Turnbaugh, P. Turnbaugh to B.L. Gauvin, [ca. 1949-1953]
19 Correspondence between B.L. Gauvin and E. Gianelloni, 1939-1954
20 H. Schwartz to B.L. Gauvin, [ca. 1941]-[ca. 1950]
21 N. Gartside to B.L. Gauvin, M.S. Gauvin; M.S. Gauvin to N. Gartside, 1934-1952
22 Correspondence and documents related to the Gartside estate, 1952-1953
23 A. Callahan, E. Strong, M. Ash to B.L. Gauvin, 1942-1952
24 M. Hudson, E. Hudson, to B.L. Gauvin, 1940-[ca. 1950]
25 A. Nicoden, P. & E. Nicoden, to B.L. Gauvin, 1939-1966
26 Uncertain affinity
B.L. Gauvin, M.S. Gauvin: Correspondence, Memorabilia
51 Letters from B.L. Gauvin to: Mr. & Mrs. Cruickshank, T. McKnight, J. Waterhouse, L.H. Uhl, 1929-1940
2 Letters to B.L. Gauvin: A-Q
3 Letters to B.L. Gauvin: R-Z
4 Business letters to B.L. Gauvin
5 B.L. Gauvin memorabilia
6 Letters from M.S. Gauvin
7 Letters to M.S. Gauvin: A-H
8 Letters to M.S. Gauvin: I-Z
9 M.S. Gauvin: Income Tax Returns, 1943-1949
10-11 M.S. Gauvin: Musical memorabilia
12 M.S. Gauvin: School memorabilia
13 M.S. Gauvin: Juvenilia
14 M.S. Gauvin: Miscellaneous memorabilia
M.J. Gauvin: Miscellaneous Correspondence
61 Book purchases
2 Employment
3 Financial documents
Correspondence re: Property, and Related Documents
64 503 Dominion Street, Winnipeg
5 943 Dorchester Avenue, Winnipeg
6 1536 Lincoln Avenue, Winnipeg
7 566-568 Ross Avenue, Winnipeg
8 232 Sutton Avenue, North Kildonan
9 Winnipeg properties, general or unspecified
10 Moncton property
Greeting Cards
611 B
12 C
13 D-F
14 G-H
15 I-L
16 M-N
17 P-W
18 by forename
19 unidentified
M.J. Gauvin: Correspondence A-C
71 Correspondence: A
2 Correspondence: B
3 J.J. Betzold
4 M.J. Gauvin to M. Biginelli
5 M. Biginelli, 1950-1957
6 M. Biginelli, 1958-1966
7 P. Biginelli
8 Correspondence: C-CLA
9 Correspondence: CLE-CZ
10 I.D. Cardiff
Church page ad controversy:
711 Correspondence
12 Address to Winnipeg Rationalist Society, [ca. December 1930]
13 Address to Winnipeg Rationalist Society, [ca. December 1931]
14 Conversations, [February 23, 1931]
15 Conversations, [March 16-17, 1931]
16 Conversations, [March 23-24, 1931]
17 Conversations, [March 30-31, 1931]
718 Clippings and other documents re: J.S. Bonnell
20 W.A. Craig
21 A.G. Cromwell
22 J.E. Curry and the In God We Trust controversy
20 W.A. Craig
21 A.G. Cromwell
22 J.E. Curry and the In God We Trust controversy
M.J. Gauvin: Correspondence D-H
81 Correspondence: D
2 Correspondence: E
3 Correspondence: F
4 Correspondence: G
5 S.R. Gaines
6 M.J. Gauvin: Letters to editors
7 M.J. Gauvin: Unidentified sheets
8 Correspondence: H-HO
9 Correspondence: HU-HZ
10 E. Haldeman-Julius: dated items
11 E. Haldeman-Julius: undated items
12 E. Haldeman-Julius: clippings
13 E.M. Howse
14 E.C. Hunter, 1942
15 E.C. Hunter, 1943
16 E.C. Hunter, 1944
M.J. Gauvin: Correspondence I-R
91 Correspondence: I, J
2 J.H. Johnson
3 Correspondence: K
4 Correspondence: L
5 Correspondence: M-Mc
6 Correspondence: Me
7 Correspondence: Mi-MU
8 J.W. Myers
9 Correspondence: N
10 Correspondence: O
11 Correspondence: P, Q
12 G.M. Price
13 Correspondence: R
M.J. Gauvin: Correspondence S-Z
101 Correspondence: S
2 L. Sellvig
3 C. Smith, 1940-1950
4 C. Smith, 1951-1957
5 C. Smith, 1958
6 C. Smith, 1959-1964
7 P. Staufft
8 L. St. G. Stubbs
9 J.N. Sturk
10 A.C. Swanson
11 A.C. Swanson
12 Truth Seeker : dated items
13 Truth Seeker : miscellanies
14 Correspondence: U,V
15 Correspondence: W
16 W.S. Watson
17 Correspondence: Y
18 J. Zuken
19 Correspondence: unidentified

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In listing of the lectures, unmarked titles are those appearing in the same format as the text (i.e., typed or manuscript). Titles with quotation marks are those pencilled in (presumably by Gauvin) above a typescript text. Titles within square brackets are derived either from other versions of the text or from the contents.

Many titles are followed by up to three items of information appearing on the original: 1) the date of delivery (within quotation marks when pencilled in later); 2) an indication of publication in The Truth Seeker (given as T.S.-- this information is normally pencilled in and is not always accurate); 3) an 'index' number (given within quotation marks normally pencilled in, referring to a listing of Gauvin's, with a few titles in more than one copy having been listed more than once).

Lectures on Religious Topics
111 An Apology for H.S.M. the Devil. 4 March 1917. T.S. April '67 "Devil" "240"
2 An Appeal for Truth in Religious Teaching. "The Truth"
3 The Breakdown of Christianity in the Light of Science. T.S. Jan/68? "218"
4 The Breakdown of Christianity in the Light of History.11 T.S. Oct. 1957. "201"
5 The Breakdown of Christianity in the Light of Philosophy T.S. Feb. '64. "172"
6 Christianity's Influence on Art
7 Creeds as Stumbling Blocks, or, Who are God's Chosen People?
8 Dare We Be Intelligent: A Reply to Dr. John MacKay's Appeal - Why Go to Church?
9 Dr. Bonnell's War (on) the Intellect. The Glorious Triumph of Unbelief.
10 Dr. Riley at Elim Chapel: How Much of his Message W[as] T[rue]
11 From Christianity to Humanism
12 The Great Missionary Humbug
13 Humanity's Verdict Against Christianity "178"
14 The Humors and Horrors of Hymns
15 Is Christianity Practicable?
16 Is Such Witnessing for Christ the Answer to Our Needs? "Mass Meeting in Auditorium"
17 Is there a Case for the Supernatural? T.S., June 1958
18 The Kind of Church We Need in These Days
19 Life's Greatest Choice: The Philosophy of Either-Or T.S. Jan. '66
20 'My Husband has Lost His Religion'
21 Prayers in the Legislature - Why?
22 Religion vs. Revolution. [ 27 April 1920 ]
23 Religious Persecution in Our Day. "149"
24 Religious Camouflage: Sugar-Coating the Fallacies of Faith. “192”
25 [Response #1 to Rev. J.W. Clarke's Psycho-Analysing the Atheist]
26 Religious Cruelty and Civilized Kindness: [Response #3]
27 Is It God's Law or Man's Law? : [Response #4]
28 Saint Patrick and Some Other Saints. "204"
29 The Search for Salvation (part 2)
30 Should an Honest Young Man Study for the Ministry?
31 Should the Christian Church be Abolished for the Welfare of Humanity?
32 The Superstition of Sin. T.S. March '67
33 The War in the Churches. "249"
34 What and Where is Hell?
35 [Is there a Church of the Living God?]
36 What Would be the Effect of a Preacher's Strike?
37 Where is Hell? - in Another World or in This?
38 Why Men and Women Stay Away from Church
39 Why Millions are Leaving the Churches. T.S. 1972 or 3. "138"
40 [The World Outlook on Religion]
Lectures on Religious Institutions
Church History
121 The Council of Nice. 11 March 1917. T.S. “142"
2 Crimes of the Crusades
123 What is Left of Anglicanism?
British Israel
124 British Israel: Are Its Claims True? 20 October 1935
5 The British Israel Delusion: A Challenge
6 British Israel or Common Sense? 3 November 1935
7 Why Rev. E.J. Springett Refuses to Debate British Israel Claims
128 Buddhism - The Protestantism of the East. "206"
Christian Science
129 Christian Science: Is It A Reasonable Religion?
1210 Confucianism - The Religion of Enlightened China. "179"
11 Confucious [sic] or Christ: Which? "83"
1212 [Doukhobors]
1213 Fundamentalism Critically Examined: A Reply to the Reverend J. Frank Norris
14 Fundamentalism vs. Social Science "81"
15 Professor McKnight and the Light. 26 May 1929
1216 How the Saracens Saved the World's Sanity
17 Islam: The Religion of the Mohammedans
18 Mohammedanism: the Arabian Improvement on Catholicism. "212"
1219 Judaism: The Raw Material of Christianity. 14 Jan. 1917. "207"
19 Judaism: Chief Source of Christianity
Oxford Group
1220 Oxford Groupism: A War on Common Sense
Presbyterian Church
1221 The Humors and Horrors of the Catechism Taught to Young Children in Pittsburgh Churches. "135" "165"
Roman Catholic Church
1222 An Evening With the Pope
23 How the Catholic Church Fights Truth [: Religious Pretence in a Suffering World #3]
24 Is the Catholic Church an American Institution?
25 Modernism in the Church of Rome. "261"
26 These Catholic Claims: Are they True? [:Response to Father Frank Wood's Catholic Hour Broadcasts #1] 28 March 1937
27 The Catholic Church, the Bible, the Truth [: Response #21 11 April 1937. Romanism, Revelation, Prophesy [sic], Truth
28 The Challenge of Youth
Salvation Army
1229 The Salvation Army: A Religion or a Business? "133" Salvation Army Notes. "166"
United Church of Canada
1230 The General Council of the United Church: What Did It Do For Truth and the Service of Humanity? "252"
Lectures on God
131 But, Dr. Morgan, What and Where IS God? "94" “245”
2 But, Rev. Waite, is this, your God, A Living God or a Name for the Nature of Things?
2 "God"
3 The Challenge Accepted: Is God a Reality?
3 The Challenge Accepted: Is "there a God?" 23 January 1938
4 Re: Disbelief in God
5 Do the Facts of Nature require Belief in a God?
6 The God of the Bible - Is He Your God? "264"
7 How Man Made God. 18 March 1934. T.S.
8 Is the Argument for God Bankrupt? reply to Rev. J.W. Clark's Sermon: The Basis for the Belief in God.
9 Is the Atheist a Fool?
10 Is the God of Protestantism Fading into the 'God' of Atheism? T.S. March 1960
11 Debate with Mr. H.E. Spitsbergen: Subject: Is there a God? "137"
12 Is There a Nemesis of Atheism?
13 Is There a Real God? "157"
14 Is There a Single Sound Reason for Believing in a God? T.S. July 1965
15 A Personal God Impossible. 1 May 1921
15 "Is There a Personal God? - debate"
16 Trinitarian Twaddle
17 The Universe Repudiates God
18 Why Humanity is Abandoning God. T.S. August 1971
19 "World-wide Debate"
20 The World-wide Revolt Against God
1321 "Alabama Floods" "238"
22 But, Prof. Kerr, if God Does not Control the Forces of Nature, what Does He Do? How Does He Care for Human Beings?
23 Did a God Send the Earthquake?
24 "Floods" "248"
25 "God and the Japanese Earthquake"
26 God and the Lindbergh Baby. 22 May 1932
27 God and the Morro Castle Tragedy
28 "God and the Tornado" T.S. September 1966
29 Julia Johnson and the God that Failed. Julia Johnson: Did a God Fail? 4 April 1937
30 Mrs. Hauptmann's Cry: Oh, God, Why Did You Have to Do This? 12 April 1936
31 Of What Use is Prayer? T.S. 1948? "84"
32 Why Doesn't God Stop the War? [1914-1918]
32 Why Doesn't God Stop the War?[1939-1945]
33 [Miscellaneous sheets on the theodicy theme] Prayer and Deformed Babies
34 A Reasonable Thanksgiving. T.S. November 1957
35 What We Have to Be Thankful For
Lectures on the Bible
141 The Dead Sea Scrolls and Christianity
2 "The Heart of the Bible"
3 "The H[oly] G[host] Plagiarist"
4 The Miracles: Did They Happen?
5 "Morgan" "237"
6 One Hundred Contradictions in the Bible
7 Our Challenge to the Bible. T.S. 1972
8 Science and the Bible
9 What the Higher Criticism Has Shown
9 Is There a Single Fact in Genesis?
10 The Fable of the Fall of Man in the Garden of Eden "258"
11 Flood and Folly
12 Mr. Noah and His Big Flood
13 Mr. Jonah and His Big Fish "103"
13 Is the Bible then Inspired? An Examination of Prof. Kerr's Recent Sermon on the Book of Jonah "119"
13 "Kerr - Jonah Recreant Prophet" "229"
14 The Fourth Gospel: Historical or Fictitious? (reply to Rev. W. Gordon MacLean's Sermon)
How the Bible Was Made and How We Got It
1415 The Beginnings of the Bible [#l] "256"
16 Jewish Fireside Stories that Became Parts of the Bible [#2]
17 The Preaching of the Prophets [#3] "200"
18 How the Bible Historians Wrote History [#4] "180"
19 The Laws of Moses Made by Priests [#5] “181”
20 How the Church Made the New Testament [#6?]
21 How We Got Our New Testament. 5 February 1917. “111”
The Bible: God's Revelation or Man's Invention?
1421 Creation or Evolution - Does Genesis Teach the Truth [#l]
22 From Adam's Fall to Noah's Floor [#2]
23 Is There a Single Fact - Even One - in Genesis? [#3]
24 Did God do the Ungodlike Things Charged Against Him in Exodus? [#4]
25 Freaks and Follies in Leviticus: Would a God Write a Book Like This? [#5]
26 Nonsense and Naughtiness in Numbers [#8]
27 More Nonsense and Naughtiness in Numbers [#9]
28 Is Deuteronomy, then, a Forgery? [#10]
29 Deuteronomy: More Light on Priestcraft - Is It Wise to Charge These Things to God? [#11]
30 Was God Really One of Joshua's Gangsters? [#12]
30 Notes on Joshua [#12]
31 The Book of Judges: A Bible Thriller [#13] 24 November 1935
32 First Samuel [#14?]
33 The Second Book of Samuel: Can It Be the Word of God? [#15?]
34 Chronicles as Priests Wrote Them [#16]
Lectures on Jesus Christ
151 The Bride of Christ. 19 December 1937
2 Christ and the Earlier Pagan Saviors: All Born December 25th - why?
3 The Christ Myth: How the Story of Christ was Made. "175"
4 The Christ Myth: How the Story of Christ was Made: Second Lecture. "175"
5 Christ's Fabulous Virgin Birth and Childhood [: The Christ Myth #3] "176"
6 Where the Teachings of Christ Came From [The Christ Myth #41 "259"
7 Christ's Fabulous Miracles [: The Christ Myth #5] "177"
8 Christians & Jews Dialogue
9 Christmas: A Survival of Sun-Worship “121”
10 The Christmas Spirit and Humanity "101"
11 Christ's Opinion Repealed
12 The Coroner's Verdict at Golgotha "146"
13 Did Jesus Christ Really Live? "161"
14 Did Jesus Christ Rise From the Dead? "171"
15 Did the Jews or Anybody Else Crucify Christ?
16 The Dying God
17 [Easter Sunday]
18 Evolution and Jesus Christ
19 The Evolution of the Resurrection Myth
20 "Glory to Man in the Highest!"
21 "God Making? - Christmas Lecture"
22 Has Jesus a Message for To-day?
23 An Hour Behind the Story of Jesus. T.S. December 1967
24 The Human Meaning of Christmas
25 Is Jesus or Humanity the Christ? 20 December 1931. T.S. December 1972
26 Jesus: A Man or a Myth? - What Does the Evidence Say?
27 "Jesus Christ Debate" " 156"
28 Jesus or Ingersoll: Which is the Better Guide in the Twentieth Century? 7 October 1917. T.S. 1951? "105" “228”
29 Nearsighted Nazareth
30 The Passing Christ of Yesterday and the Coming Christ of Tomorrow
31 "Prof. Kerr" [On the Virgin Birth] T.S.
32 The Resurrection of the Lord Jesus Christ
33 Science and the Story of Jesus Christ [: The Conflict between Science and Religion #2]
34 The Sermon on the Mount 1 April 1917. "92"
35 The Story of Jesus Dramatized
36 Suppose Christ Were a Myth: What Would the World Lose? 22 March 1931
37 The Virgin Birth of Christ: The Story of the Priest-Made Fiction Upon Which are Based Christianity's Claims to Divin[ity] “255”
38 Was Jesus Sent to the Planet Mars?
39 What Has Christ Done for the World? "234"
40 Why Christ was not a Christian. T.S. December 1965
41 [Jesus of Nazareth: Life and Philosophy]
42 What is the Meaning of the Cross?
43 [Jesus of Nazareth: Life and Philosophy]
44 [Miscellaneous pages relating to Jesus]
Lectures on Psychology and Parapsychology
Faith Healing
161 Discarded crutches and spectacles
2 [Lourdes]
163 A Trip to the Land of Ghosts. T.S.
164 Is Life Worth Living Without Immortality? T.S. March 1961
5 Is There a Future Life?
6 Is There a Life After Death? 7 November 1920. “153”
7 Debate with the Reverend Samuel Hough
8 Is There a Life After Death? reply to Sir Oliver Lodge and other believers in ghosts. T.S. August 1969
9 The Pulpit and the Truth: a reply to the Rev. Dr. Daniel L. Marsh's four special April sermons. 2 May 1920. "195"
10 Science and a Future Life
11 Science and the Belief in Immortality
1612 Inspired and Uninspired Magic: The Tricks of God and the Tricks of Man. "89"
1613 Are the Dead Still Living? a reply to Sir Oliver Lodge
14 Does Dr. Glen Hamilton Possess 'Scientific Evidence for Survival after Death'?
15 Exposed Mediums
15 Carrington Materialization Case
15 Wallace on Materialization
16 Fake Mediums and Their Victims
17 "Spiritualism"
18 Spiritualism Explained
19 Those Who Have 'Passed On' : Are they Alive or Dead? A Critical Examination of Spiritualism
1620 Witchcraft: A Chapter from Religion's Book of Horrors
1621 Action and Impelling Motives
22 How to Use Your Mind [: The Art and Science of Using the Mind #l]
23 The Senses and the Mind's Greater Power [: The Art and Science of Using the Mind #2]
23 The Subconscious Mind [:The Art and Science of Using the Mind #4]
23 The Art of Clear Thinking "233"
24 Better Minds for Better Men. T.S. 1973
25 A Demonstration of Hypnotism
26 The Discovery of Intelligence. T.S. 1968
27 How to be Successful and Happy. 17 November 1935
28 Further Steps in Success and Happiness
29 How You Get Your Thoughts [: Series on Psychology #3]
30 The Origin and Nature of Mind "167"
31 Personality
32 Primitive Survivals in Civilized Minds [: Series on Psychology #2]
33 Primitive Survivals in Civilized Minds [: Series on Psychology #2]
34 Straight and Crooked Thinking
35 What Must We Do to be Happy?
36 What Would You Like to Be and Do? or, Interest and Mastery
37 Worry: The Disease of the Age - Its Cause and Cure
38 In Regard to Metaphysicians and Others Who Prey upon the Credulity of the Public
Lectures on Freethought, etc.; Religion and Science; Science
Freethought, Rationalism, etc.
171 "At Am[erican] Secular Union Annual Meeting, January 1926"
2 [At Atheist Banquet, New York City?]
3 [At the 31st International Congress of Freethinkers]
4 [At Omaha]
5 [Atheism]
6 The Blessings Unbelief has Brought to Mankind
7 Freethought, A Way of Life
8 [Freethought and Free Will] Freethought: Humanity's Supreme Heritage
9 Freethought: The Intellectual Foundation of To-morrow
9 Freethought: The Ultimate Foundation "168"
10 From the Worship of God to the Service of Man
11 The Growing Religion of Sensible Men
12 Humanism: A Religion for an Educated World. 1934
13 Re: Humanism
14 The Meaning and Purpose of Rationalism. 16 October 1921. T.S. May 1965 "99" “169” “170”
15 The Natural Basis of Secularism
16 [Rationalism]
17 Rationalism and the World's Peace "95" "162"
18 Rationalism: The Constructive Philosophy of Human Welfare. T.S. November 1967
18 Rationalism: The Philosophy of Human Welfare. 2 September 1928 "98"
19 Rationalism - The Religion of Reason. T.S. 1963. "97"
20 The Rationalist View of the Universe "96"
21 The Religion of a Rationalist "100"
22 The San Francisco Rationalist Congress "158"
23 Speech to the Graduating Nurses, Nicholas Senn Hospital. 3 June 1926
24 What We Offer in Place of Christianity. T.S. 1968
24 "What Will You Give Us in Place of Christianity" "235"
Religion and Science
1725 The Beliefs of Men of Science
26 The Church's Long War on Science
27 Conflict Between Religion and Science
28 [Debate on Christianity and Science]
29 From Christianity to Millikanism - and Beyond
30 The Greatest Discovery of the Ages: The Universe is Governed by Law. T.S. Aug.-Sept. 1959
31 Has the Gulf Between Science and Religion been Bridged? T.S. 1959 or 1960; [1962?]
32 Prof. Millikan on Science and Religion
33 Science and Religion
34 Science and the belief in God
35 The Struggle between Religion and Science
35 The War Between Religion and Science
36 The Wisdom of the Agnostic
1737 Achieving Victory Over Pain
38 The Gifts of the Chemist
39 The Heavens Revealed by Science
39 The Universe of Religion and the Universe of Science
40 Making Nature's Energy Serve Humanity “244”
41 The Mastery of Life [: What Science is doing for Humanity#3] “247”
42 Microbes: What they Do For Us and to Us "262
42 Ourselves and the Universe
Lectures on Evolution
181 Genesis and Geology
2 How the World was Born and How it Grew "91"
3 The Proofs of Evolution
4 Some Proofs of Evolution
5 The Story of Evolution "76"
6 The Story of Evolution - illustrated "147"
6 The Illustrated Story of Evolution
Illustrated Lectures on Evolution
187 The Birth of the Earth "220"
8 The Building of the World "221"
9 The Evolution of Life before Man
10 The Evolution of Man "102"
11 Man in Primitive Society and the Origin of Races "222"
12 Life in Early Egypt “223”
13 The Glory of Egypt "224"
Disputations on Evolution
1814 Bryan's Bubble" The Famous Commoner's St. Paul Address Attacking Evolution Analyzed and Answered "72"
15 Bryan's Bubble" The Famous Commoner's St. Paul Address Attacking Evolution Analyzed and Answered "72"
15 Bryan's Last Speech, An Example of Fundamentalist Pleading "268" Evolution and Religion: Can They be Harmonized? "120"
16 Debate on Evolution between Marshall J. Gauvin and Rev. Prof. R.J. McKnight. 14 October 1930
17 Marshall Gauvin Replies to Prof. R.J. McKnight. 19 October [1930]
18 Creation or Evolution? 27 March 1927
19 Dr. Morgan's Trouble with Evolution “115”
20 "Does 'Dr.' Olson Speak the Truth?"
21 Christianity vs. Criminology "140"
22 Dr. Riley's Sermon: Evolution, Does It Lead to Atheism? "263"
23 Is the Anti-Evolution Crusade Based Upon Fraud? A Challenge to the Clergy Who Seek to Banish-Science from our Schools "80"
24 The Scopes Trial, and Education, or, Fundamentalism's War on Truth
25 Revealed Religion and the Bible vs. Evolution as Taught by Mr. Gauvin.
26 "Debate with Sturk"
26 [Loose sheets on evolution]
27 [Miscellaneous notes on evolution]
Lectures on Ethical Topics
191 The Bible A Dangerous Moral Guide
2 Conduct and Conscience
3 The Culture of Goodness: How to Teach your Children Morals
4 Is a New Morality Being Evolved?
5 The Morality of Evolution "122"
5 "Morality of Social Ev[olution] "241"
5 Mr. Gauvin Not Yet Answered
6 Morality, Religion and Gambling
7 Morality without God. T.S. 1972
8 Paul versus Plutarch: A Study in Morals
9 Religion and Crime: Would a Nation of Atheists be a Nation of Criminals? reply to R.A. Bonnar. [3] April 1927. "85"
10 Religion and the Great Steal of Trust Funds
11 Religion, Untruth and Perjury. 19 April 1936
12 Revivals and Immorality. T.S. April 1966
13 Why Humanism Must Produce a Superior Morality
14 The World Grows Better as Faith Decays
1915 [Abortion]
Birth Control
1916 Birth Control, Religion and Humanity
17 Birth Control: Will the Unchecked Growth of Population Lead to Disaster? "132"
18 The Demand for Birth Control
19 The Knights of Columbus and Birth Control 24[?] January 1937
20 The Pope's Encyclical on Marriage and the Morality of Birth Control
21 Wanted: Birth Control Information for the Poor; the Rich Have It. T.S. January 1960
Capital Punishment
1922 The Church and Capital Punishment
23 Hrechkoski: God's Mistake or Man's Responsibility?
23 Should this Crazy Man be Hanged?
24 A Merciful Christ and Capital Punishment: Jayhan is to Hang, Yet the Church is Silent!
25 Religion and the Strangler: The madman's Challenge to the Church's Claims. 8 January 1928
26 Should Capital Punishment be Abolished?
27 Should Westgate be Hanged?
Corporal Punishment
1928 The Lash and the Lie in the Law
29 The Law and the Lash. 4 January 1931
1930 The Sterilization of the Unfit
1931 The Churches of Christ in a World at War [1914-1918]
32 The Churches of Christ in a World at War [1939-1945]
33 The God of Battles and the Prince of Peace
34 War and Religion - Humanity's Challenge to the Churches
35 [War and the Churches] "251"
36 [War and the Churches] "251"
Lectures on Social Conditions
201 A Better Creed for the World of Tomorrow. T.S. December 1973 “133 "
2 Building the Grander Civilization. 23 May 1937
3 Can We Preserve Our Liberties?
4 The Civic Duties of a Rationalist
5 The Dawn of the Kingdom of Man. T.S. September 1965. "227"
5 The Coming [of the] Kingdom of Man
6 The Coming [of the] Kingdom of Man
7 [The Development of Human Society]
8 Down with Bigotry! - A Plea for Toleration "270"
9 The Evolution of Society
10 A Faith that Will Save in this World
11 Free Thought, Free Speech, Free Press. 26 December 1937
12 Getting the Most Out of Life: Making a Heaven Here "107" “136”
13 Growing Religion of Tomorrow
14 How Human Nature is Being Changed: What Science is Doing for Humanity. T.S. 1969
15 The Individual and Society
16 Am I My Brother's Keeper? "243"
16 Intelligence, Civilization and the Future
17 Intolerance: The Curse of the Ages. 21 January 1917
18 The Law of Human Progress
19 Let Us Build a Safe World for Humanity
20 Let Us Make the World Safe for Humanity
20 Man's Place in the New Universe [: The Growing Meaning of Life #1] 8 March 1936
21 Man's Search for Salvation and Where He is Destined to Find It
21 The Search for Salvation
22 The March of Humanity Towards Paganism
23 The Need of Liberalism
24 The New Political and Economic Ideals
25 The New Political Ideals
26 Of What Can We Be Certain
27 The Psychology of Social Reconstruction "145"
28 Realities and Shams. T.S. June 1959. "265"
29 The Rebirth of Paganism: The Return of a Sane View of Life
30 The Road to a Sane Civilization
31 Salvation by Faith or Salvation by Science "250"
32 Savage Survivals in Civilization: Lingering Relics of the World's Primitive Life. T.S.
33 Sc[ience] and the Future of Humanity
34 Social Science: Savior of Democracy
35 A Spiritual Gospel or a Social Gospel
36 A Survey of Humanity's Social Life - the Outlook for Civilization
37 The Sway of the Ghosts: How the Living are Ruled by the Dead. T.S. December 1970. “104”
38 The Value of Organization
39 What Must We Do to Be Saved as a People?
40 What Must We Do To Save Humanity in this World?
40 Wholesome Individualism
41 Why We May Bravely Hope in the Midst of World Evils
42 The World's Amazing Progress
43 The World's Supreme Need
Lectures on Economic, Political, Social Issues
Communism, Socialism
211 The Challenge of Communism
2 The Church and the Communist Challenge. 3 January 1937
3 Jesus Christ the Communist [: The Church and the Communist Challenge #2] 14 [i.e., 17?] January 1937
3 Jesus: A Christian or a Communist?
4 The Church and Its Rich Supporters [: The Church and the Communist Challenge #3] 31 January 1937
5 Why the Catholic Church Fights Communism [The Church and the Communist Challenge #4] 28 February 1937
6 Has Christ an Alternative to Communism? [The Church and the Communist Challenge #5] 21 March 1937
6 Has Christ the Alternative to Communism?
7 Communism and Catholicism
8 Socialism and Democracy "152"
9 Socialism and Religion: Are They Really Antagonistic?
10 Tim Buck and the Challenge of the Communist Party
11 What Shall We Do With Our Communists?
12 Will Communism Ruin Civilization?
2113 The Children of the Underworld, Where Lives are Wrecked and Failures are Made
14 Crime and Its Causes
15 The Crime Tide in the United States
16 Is the Crime Wave Due to Atheism and Evolution?
2117 The Church and Labor
17 The Church and the Workingman
18 A Five Year Plan for Canada
19 High Wages: Prosperity for All "253"
20 "How to Get a Better Job" "77"
21 Is World Wide Revolution on Its Way?
22 Labor's Reward: A Message of Hope for All Workers "114"
23 "Lecture on Economic Determinism"
24 Machine Made Unemployment
25 The Martyrs of Tolpuddle. 30 May 1937
26 A Plan for Plenty
27 Poverty: Its Causes and Prevention
28 The Psychology of Industrial Unrest
29 Religion and the Poor
30 Rent Control
31 Robbed When You Buy
32 Social Credit
32 A Better Plan tha[n] Social Credit
33 [Trade Unionism]
34 The Value of a Dollar: A Talk on the High Cost of Living
35 Wanted in Government: Economic Sanity and Moral Idealism
36 The World's Economic Distress - Lecture 1
36 The World's Economic Distress - Lecture 2
36 The World's Economic Distress - Lecture 3
37 The World's Economic Distress - Lecture 4
37 The World's Economic Distress - Lecture 5
2138 Better Minds for a Better World. 27 October 1935
39 Education after the War. 21 October 1917
40 Is A College Education Worthwhile?
41 The Kind of Education We Need
Lectures on Economic, Political, Social Issues
Ku Klux Klan
221 The Ku Klux Klan: A Power for Good or a Mischief Maker? "131"
2 The Catholic Church and the Ku Klux Klan "74 "141"
223 God, Bible and Blasphemy
4 The Craig Case and the Grave-Like Silence of the Churches "109" “239”
5 The Law, the Rich and the Poor: A Reply to Chief Justice Macdonald
6 The Macdonald Will Case. 9 February 1930
7 The Martyrdom of Tom Mooney
Lord's Day Observance
228 The Facts and the Fictions about Sunday: A Reply to the Rev. J.W. Clarke
9 The Notorious Blue Laws: How the Church has Enslaved Mankind “90”
10 Our Sunday Slavery - Unbiblical, Unchristian "269"
11 Sabbath Fanaticism
11 Sunday Fanaticism
12 Stupid Sunday Law Persecution
12 Stupid Sunday Persecutions
13 Sunday Blue or Sunday Free? "82"
14 [Loose sheets on Sunday Observance]
2215 Civil Marriages
2216 Crimes Against Prisoners in Kingston Penitentiary
16 Life in Kingston Penitentiary
17 My Visit to Rupert St. and Headingly Jails
2218 The Bible and Beer
19 The Bible and Beer
20 Prohibition: Is It a Blessing or a Tragedy? "71"
2221 Is There [a] Superior Race?
22 Negroes, Jews and Reason
22 [Loose sheets on racism]
2223 The Brazen Lie About the Jews
24 The Jew: Is He A Foe or a Friend to Civilization? An Examination of Henry Ford's Campaign Against the Jews: A Gentile View. 22 January 1922
25 The Protocols are Forgeries
25 [Dr. Mihychuk on the Protocols]
26 Who are these Jews?
Religious Instruction in Schools
2227 The Assault of the Church Upon the School: A Reply to the Minneapolis Clergy on the Religious Instruction of School Children. 20 March 1921. "86" "160”
28 The Bible Not a Book for the Schools
29 [Brief on Behalf of the National Liberal League]
30 Catholic Bishops on Secularism and Education
31 Religion in the Schools [U.S.A.]
32 Religion in the Schools [Manitoba]
33 Speech delivered at the Launching Banquet of the National Liberal League. 27 April 1946
Taxation of Church Property
2234 Are the Churches of Winnipeg Worth Supporting at a Million Dollars a Year? 24 November 1929
35 Let the Churches Resolve to Pay Their Taxes
36 Taxation of Churches
37 Why the Churches Should be Taxed
2238 What has Christianity Done for Woman? T.S. 1961
39 Why Women Want the Ballot
40 The Woman of Yesterday and the Woman of Tomorrow "79"
41 Woman's Victory Over the Church
42 [Loose sheets on Women]
Lectures on Current Affairs
231 Danger to America
2 The Debt of Gratitude We Owe to our Soldiers, the Living and the Dead - Saviors All of Civilization "164"
3 On the Firing Line: An Evening in the Trenches
4 The Peace Table and the Future Peace of the World "143”
5 Register!
6 "Speech for Mt. Lebanon Branch Red Cross" 2 July 1918
7 The War's Influence on Christianity
8 What Must We Do to be Saved from War? A Plea for International Humanity
9 Why the World is at War and Why the United States and Her Allies Must Win
2310 The Armament Racket. "Munitions Business"
11 The Bok Peace Plan "267"
12 Can We, Dare We, Be Neutral?
13 The Dawn of a New Day in Europe
14 France, Germany and England "73"
15 Intellectual Quackery Over Europe
16 Is Another Great War Coming?
17 Jewish Antifa[scist] Banquet
18 The League of Nations. 27 February 1927
19 A League of Nations: A Guarantee of World Safety
20 The League of Nations: The Real Savior of Mankind
21 The March of the Dictatorships - Will Canada Fall into Line?
22 [The Mournful Plight of the Refugees]
23 Munich: Blackmail, Surrender - What Else?
24 The New Violence: Its Cause and Cure
25 Political Quackery Over Europe
26 Shall We Fight for King and Country - and Ruin?
27 Stop Backing Up - Save the Empire
27 Save the Empire - A New Year's Resolution for Mr. Chamberlain
28 What Another War Will Do - Humanity Beware!
29 What We Must Do to Save Democracy
30 Why Fascism is the Road to War
31 Will the Churches Defend Our Liberties?
32 The World Court
2333 [Address at Benefit Concert for Polish Relief] 6 October 1939
34 Can Britain Win the War?
35 Can Germany Win the War?
36 The Meaning of Hitler's War
Lectures on Nations Austria
241 How the Pope Helped Hitler in Austria
242 Canada and War
3 Canada: Our Northern Neighbour "151"
4 [Fascism in Canada]
5 Fascism in Quebec - Canada Beware!
246 China: The Land and the People's Story
7 China's Rebirth to Victory
248 [Castro]
249 The Czechoslovakian Tragedy - What Next?
10 The Betrayers of Czechoslovakia
10 The Inside Story of England's Betrayal
11 Did Christ Betray Europe to Hitler?
2412 Denmark and the Civilized Danes
2413 France, Britain, Italy, and the Sacrifice of Abyssinia 15 March 1936
13 France, Britain and Italy and the War on Abyssinia
14 Mussolini's Blackmail War on Ethiopia
2415 Finland, the Finns and Russia
16 "Stalin's Crime Against Finland"
2417 The Amazing Progress of Freethinking France
18 The Wonderful Progress of Freethinking France
19 Which Way France: Fascism or Communism?
2420 Germany's Persecution of the Jews
21 Hitler's Autobiography: My Battle - the Man and His Aims
21 Self Revealed
22 Hitler's Germany: A Nation in a Madman's Grip
23 How Germany Prepared to Destroy Britain "and France"
24 The Nazi-Church Struggle in Germany
24 The Church-Nazi Struggle in Germany
25 The Spreading Menace of Hitlerism
26 School for Barbarians : How Hitler and his Nazis are Ruining Germany
27 The Underground Struggle in Germany. "16 April 1939"
28 What Hitler's Nazism has Done to Germany 16 January 1938
29 [German Militarism]
Great Britain
2430 Behold Your King and Queen
31 Edward VIII, Mrs. Simpson, and Other Royal Romances
32 King Edward VIII, Mrs. Simpson and Other Royal Romances Is England Marching Towards Revolution? [: The World Revolution On Its Way #2]
33 Ramsay MacDonald & the British Labor Party - What Has the Church Done to Realize Their Ideals?
2434 British Rule in India
2435 England in Ireland and the Problem of Home Rule
2436 [Italy and the League of Nations]
37 Italy Under the Heel of Fascism [: The World Revolution on its Way #3]
38 The Pope's Bargain With Mussolini: The Catholic Church in Politics
39 What Fascism Has Done to Italy
251 Japan's Attack on China and the Menace of Another World War
2 How Japan Is Making War in China
3 [Why Japan Must be Stopped in China]
254 Norway, the Norwegians and the War
255 [On the Report of the Royal Commission on Palestine]
256 The Tragedy of Poland
Soviet Union
257 The Russian Revolution 14 October 1917
8 [The Russian Revolution]
9 Russia in Revolution
10 The New Russian Constitution 13 December 1936
11 Russia: Humanity's Living Christ
12 How the Russians Like Living in Russia "23 April 1939"
13 Just What has Happened in Russia?
14 Russia in Chains: [Just What has Happened in Russia #21
15 Stalin's Secret Police System [: Just What Has Happened in Russia #3]
15 Stalin's Monstrous Secret Police System
16 "Stalin's Massacre of the Innocents" [: Just What Has Happened in Russia #41
16 Why Stalin Shot His Generals
17 Stalin: The Gangster's Road to Power
18 The Bolsheviks Become Masters of Russia [: What Stalin Has Done to Russia]
19 [Loose sheets, fragments, notes on the Soviet Union]
2520 A Catholic Fascist on the Spanish War 21 November 1937
21 [No Lunn-Gauvin Debate on Spain - Why?]
22 The Coming of the Republic and the Genesis of the Revolution
23 The Meaning of Franco's Victory
24 How [the] Church [has] Ruined Spain
25 The Mohammedan Civilization in Spain
26 Spain: From Religious Inquisition to Rationalist Republic
27 Spain: From the Martyrdom of Ferrer Till To-day
28 Spain's 100 y[ea]rs Struggle for Freedom
29 Spain's Struggle for Democracy: Address Delivered before the the Conference of the Winnipeg Committee to Aid Spanish Democracy 12 June 1937
30 The War in Spain: Its Dangers and Its Meaning
United States of America
2531 American Ideals: The Thought that Exaults [sic] a Nation
32 N.R.A.: The Roosevelt Revolution
33 Politics Inside Out "271"
34 President Roosevelt and His New Deal
35 Shall a Catholic be President? T.S. June 1960 "225"
36 The United States and Her Neutrality
Lectures on Persons
261 Biographical Introduction [on Colonel Ethan Allen]
2 A Tribute to Dr. [Norman] Bethune
3 A Humanist Looks at Dr. [J.S.] Bonnell and that Call to Fifth Ave. Church
4 Charles Bradlaugh
5 Giordano Bruno, A Martyr of the Dawn of Liberty "183" “213”
5 Giordano Bruno, Martyr of the Dawn
6 Luther Burbank and His Work: Striking Proofs of Evolution in New Plant Creations "110"
6 "Burbank" "226"
7 Robert Burns, a Freethought Poet "202"
8 Richard Carlile: Apostle of Freethought and Hero of the Free Press "215"
9 How the Other Half Lives [:Stuart Chase and Margaret Hatfield] 25 March 1917
10 Clemenceau and the Creed of the Atheist
11 [George Cleve]
12 Dante and his Trip Through Hell "183"
13 Clarence Darrow: Prophet of Humanity T.S. July 1959 "rejected"
14 Darwin's Patient Quest for Truth "215"
14 Darwin's Patient Search for Truth
15 "King David, A Model Man" "185"
16 Dickens on Jesus and Religion
17 Einstein and the Theory of Relativity
17 Einstein's Theory of Relativity
18 Emerson's Message to America T.S. 1964 ”188"
19 Francisco Ferrer, the Freethought Martyr "217"
20 Eugene Fersen's Class Teaching: Is It Sense or Nonsense?
21 Edward Gibbon and Herbert Spencer "211"
22 John Huss: The Martyr of Bohemia
22 John Huss: The Martyr of Liberty "182"
23 Humboldt the Forerunner of Darwin "198"
24 Huxley: The Hero of Science [: Thomas Henry Huxley] "208"
25 Hypatia, the Martyr of Freethought T.S. [1960?]
26 Robert G. Ingersoll "139" “197”
27 Ingersoll
27 [Ingersoll and Beecher]
28 The Letters of Robert G. Ingersoll
29 Jefferson and the Declaration of Independence
30 Joan of Arc: Once a Witch, Now a Saint "88"
31 Laplace and His Nebular Hypothesis "209"
32 Abraham Lincoln: What Was His Religion? "203"
33 Lincoln, Was He a Christian?
34 How Monsignor Sheen Catholicised Clare Booth Luce
35 Four Hundred Years from Rome: Anniversary Address on Luther and the Reformation "148"
36 Marcus Aurelius Antonius, the Crowned Philosopher of the Pagan World "216"
37 The Tyranny of Shams [Joseph McCabe] 12 February 1917
38 Dr. Orlando Miller's Teachings: Are They Scientific and Worth While? "127
38 Dr. Orlando Miller's Teachings: A Further Examination and Refutation
271 The Philosophy of Nietzsche "254"
2 Omar Khayyam - The Sage of Persia "191"
3 Thomas Paine, the Citizen of the World 30 January 1915 "173"
4 Thomas Paine, the Evangel of Liberty T.S. January 1964 “113” “174”
5 Ernest Renan, the Man Who Made Jesus Human "219"
6 The Bertrand Russell Case
7 Pastor Russell and Billy Sunday [: Charles Taze Russell] "150"
8 My Fight for Birth Control [: Margaret Sanger]
9 Calvin and Servetus
10 How John Calvin Burned Servetus "214"
11 Was Shakespeare a Freethinker? "124" “199”
12 Shelley: The Poet of Atheism "187" 12
13 Socrates, the Greatest of the Greeks “184”
13 Socrates, the "Wisest" of the Greeks
14 Solomon and that Temple Contract
15 Benedict Spinoza: Greatest Thinker Among Modern Jews, T.S. February 1966
16 Tolstoy and the Mind of To-Day "231"
17 What Voltaire did for Humanity. T.S. November 1965 "125"
18 The Religion of George Washington. 18 February 1917 "194"
19 The Religion of Washington and Jefferson "210"
20 Walt Whitman. 8 February 1915
2721 Billy Graham's New York Crusade
22 [Bryan Green]
23 Aimee Semple McPherson
24 A Missioner Preaches Hell Fire [: Stephen F. Olford]
25 Dr. Price the Evangelist and His Revival
26 'Faith Healing' becomes Big Business [Oral Roberts]
27 Uldine Utley
2728 Death Without Fear: Last Hours of Celebrated Freethinkers T.S. October 1969 “87”
29 What Freethinkers Have Done for Charity
29 What Rationalists Have Done for Charity
Funeral/Memorial Addresses
2730 Address to Mr. and Mrs. S.C. Alward in Token of the Death of Their Son on the Field of Battle
31 A Tribute to Mrs. Margaret Archer

[re-used for "Mrs. Hunt" and Mrs. Bain(?)]

32 A Tribute to Mrs. August Becker
33 Tribute to Martha Becker
34 Funeral Oration for George R. Brand. 2 January 1917
35 Funeral Address for Mrs. Annie Elizabeth Chartener. 31 October 1917
36 A Tribute to John D. Chartener. 21 December 1918
37 At Mr. Clark's Funeral
38 [Mrs. Myrtle Lowder Clark]
39 Outline Used at Mr. Dalman's Funer[al]. 20 May 1936
40 A Tribute to Brower C. Gesner
41 [Ruth Gordon]

[re-used for Mrs. Bell]

42 A Tribute to Mr, John T. Hawke
43 [Clergyman's Record, and Notes, re: Karen Myrvold-Johnsen]. 18 December 1957
44 "Re: Leach Funeral" 31 December 1919. "193
45 "C.O. Lennstrom". 17 October 1955
46 "Mrs. Lindberg's Father"
47 Read at the funeral of Rhoda L. Mamaux
48 [Mr. McCarthy]
49 Tribute to Elmer C. Miller
50 Funeral of J.W. Myers
51 At the funeral of John W. Read. 5 July 1938
52 An address delivered . . . at the funeral of Mrs. Rhoda Ellen Read. 14 December 1934
53 [Heinz Max Schnitzler] 10 January 1966
54 The death of George Seibel
55 [Mr. Sharp]
56 [Mr. Stobart; re-used for Mr. Johnson]
57 [Clergyman's information card re: Rose Stone]. 20 July 1954
58 Funeral of Mr. Stephen B. Wolanczyk. 13 January 1963
59 [Funeral address for unidentified woman]
Wedding Address
2760 [Mr. & Mrs. Walden]
Lectures on Books, Films, Plays; Public Speaking; Questions & Answers
281 [Barabbas (motion picture)]
Books, Films, Plays
282 The Biography of Satan, by Kersey Graves, with a foreword by Marshall J. Gauvin
3 Declining Religion [: Brooklyn Protestantism 1930-1945]
4 The Coming Revolution in the U.S. [: The Coming American Revolution, by George Soule]
5 The Day Christ Died [by Jim Bishop] - the Religious Fiction Told Again
6 Bishops and Clergy Suppress the Truth [: A Declaration on Biblical Criticism, edited by Hubert Handley] [Religious Pretence in a Suffering World #2]
7 Elmer Gantry [by Sinclair Lewis] - What's Wrong with the Church? "126"
8 The Fool Hath Said [by Beverley Nichols]
9 Green Pastures [motion picture]
10 Anglican Bishop Topples God Honest to God, by John A.T. Robinson]
11 The Humanizing of Knowledge [by James Harvey Robinson] "118"
12 Jesus - God, Man or Myth? [by Herbert Cutnerl
13 [Journalism and Joachim's Children: from Time Magazine]
14 The King of Kings [motion picture]: Christ on the Stage. “242”
15 Religious Pretence in a Suffering World [: The Kingdom of God, by A.B. Bruce]
16 The Magnificent Obsession [by Lloyd C. Douglas]
17 The Martyrdom of Man [by Winwood Reade]. T.S. January 1966; 1967. "108" "130”
18 Jesus on the Stage - the [Oberammergau] Passion Play
19 "[H.G.] Wells - [The] Open Conspiracy" “246”
20 Rain [by Somerset Maugham] "106"
20 [Sadie Thompson (motion picture)] "230"
21 [Religion Without Revelation, by Julian Huxley]
22 The Revolution of Nihilism [by Hermann Rauschning]
22 Germany Prepares to Rule and Ruin [: The Revolution of Nihilism #1]
23 Hitler's Drive Towards Rule and Ruin [: The Revolution of Nihilism #2]
24 The Nazi Plan to Grab the World [The Revolution of Nihilism #3]
25 The Rights of Man After the War [: The Rights of Man, or, What Are We Fighting For? by H.G. Wells]
26 Sensism: the Philosophy of the West [by Charles Smith]
27 The Humanizing of Christianity: a Review of Bishop Barnes's Book, Should Such a Faith Offend? 25 September 1927 "117"
28 The Sign of the Cross [motion picture]
29 Waiting for Lefty [by Clifford Odets]
30 The Next Step Toward Economic Salvation [: The Way to Recovery, by Sir George Paish]
31 Should Religion Be Abolished? [What CAN a Man Believe? Bruce Barton, Chapter 1] 2 October 1927
32 Has the Church Done More Harm Than Good? [:What CAN a Man Believe? Chapter 2] 9 October 1927
33 Which is the Best Religion? [:What CAN a Man Believe? Chapter 31
34 What Few Simple Things Can A Man Believe? [:What CAN a Man Believe? Chapter 4]
35 The Church Nobody Knows [: What CAN a Man Believe? Chapter 5]
36 A Scientist 's Weak Plea for God [: What Man May Be, by George Russell Harrison]
37 Where are the Dead? [by Sir Arthur Keith et al.] T.S. Dec.? 1967
38 [The Classics]
39 Some Freethought Novelists
Public Speaking
2840 [Notes for lessons]
41 [Topical notes for lessons]
42 [Miscellaneous pages re: public speaking course]
Questions and Answers
2843 Questions and Answers. November-December 1914
44 Questions and Answers. January-February 1915
45 [Questions and answers: miscellaneous pages]
Lectures Before the Winnipeg Humanist Society (Mimeographs)
291 Is There a Grain of Truth in the Creed of the United Church? [ 7 November 1937 ]
2 Is There A Church of the Living God? 14 November 1937
3 A Catholic Fascist on the Spanish War. 21 November 1937
4 The Bride of Christ. 19 December 1937
5 Free Thought, Free Speech, Free Press. 26 December 1937
6 Labor's Challenge: Forward the C.I.O.! 2 January 1938
7 What Hitler's Nazism Has Done to Germany. 16 January 1938
8 The Challenge Accepted: Is There a God? 23 January 1938
9 What Fascism Has Done to Italy. 30 January 1938
10 Is Anglicanism Giving Up Christianity? An Examination of the Recent Report of the Church of England Commission on Church Doctrine. 6 February 1938
11 Russia's Amazing Forward March. 13 February 1938
12 Our Challenge to the Bible. 20 February 1938
13 The Spanish Inquisition: First of a Series of Lectures on the Background of the Spanish Civil War. 27 February 1938
14 Germany, Czechoslovakia and World War. 6 March 1938
15 The Lash and the Lie in the Law. 13 March 1938
16 How the Pope Helped Hitler in Austria. 20 March 1938
17 Clarence Darrow: Prophet of Humanity. 27 March 1938
18 Spain's 100 Years' Struggle for Freedom: Second Lecture in Series on the Background of the Spanish Civil War. 3 April 1938
19 Purgatory, Hell and Heaven: a Reply to Three Catholic Hour Broadcast Sermons by Rev. Father [Frank] Wood. 10 April 1938
20 The Evolution of the Resurrection Myth. 17 April 1938
21 Britain's Bargain with Mussolini. 24 April 1938
22 What is the Church for in These Days? 1 May 1938
23 China's Rebirth to Victory. 8 May 1938
24 From Rome to Reason: The Story of My Religious Advance. 15 May 1938
25 Dr. Price, the Evangelist, and His Revival. 22 May 1938
26 One Hundred Contradictions in the Bible. 29 May 1938
301 The Czechoslovakian Tragedy - What Next? 9 October 1938
2 The Betrayers of Czechoslovakia. 16 October 1938
3 Did Christ Betray Europe to Hitler? 23 October 1938
4 The Bible a Dangerous Moral Guide. 30 October 1938
5 Is Christianity Practicable? Reflections on an Address by Mr. J.S. Woodsworth. 6 November 1938
6 The Tragedy of the Rich and the Poor. 13 November 1938
7 Why this ' Persecution of the Jews? 20 November 1938
8 The Mournful Plight of the Refugees. 27 November 1938
9 No Lunn-Gauvin Debate on Spain - Why? The Church-Supported Horror the Catholic Fascist Refuses to Defend. 4 December 1938
10 Why Japan Must be Stopped in China. 11 December 1938
11 The Nazi-Church Struggle in Germany. 18 December 1938
12 Russia: Humanity's Living Christ. 25 December 1938
13 Stop Backing Up: Save the Empire! a New Year's Resolution for Mr. Chamberlain. 1 January 1939
14 Of What Use is Prayer? Thoughts on Winnipeg's Universal Week of Prayer. 8 January 1939
15 The Martyrdom of Tom Mooney. 15 January 1939
16 Munich: Blackmail, Surrender - What Else? a Reply to 'After Munich' by Professor H.N. Fieldhouse. 22 January 1939
17 The Challenge of Youth: A Consideration of a Radio Address On 'The Catholic Church and Youth' by the Rev. Frank R. Wood. 29 January 1939
18 Should an Honest Young Man Study for the Ministry? 5 February 1939
19 President Roosevelt and His New Deal. 12 February 1939
20 Pope Pius XI, Other Popes and the World. 26 February 1939
21 The Secret of Controlling the Power of Government: A Review of a Chapter in Bertrand Russell's Latest Book 'Power'. 5 March 1939
22 The Sermon on the Mount: Does the Masterpiece of Christian Teaching Make Good Sense? 12 March 1939
23 Hitler's Drive Towards the East. 19 March 1939
24 School for Barbarians: How Hitler and His Nazis are Ruining Germany. 26 March 1939
25 School for Barbarians: How Hitler and His Nazis are Ruining Germany. 26 March 1939
26 The Meaning of Franco's Victory. 9 April 1939
27 The Underground Struggle in Germany. 16 April 1939
28 How the Russians Like Living in Russia. 23 April 1939
29 Dante and His Trip Through Hell, 30 April 1939
30 How Japan is Making War in China: The Terrible Facts Japan Has Tried to Suppress. 7 May 1939
31 Will the Churches Help us to Keep our Liberties? 14 May 1939
32 Behold Your King and Queen! 21 May 1939
33 A Faith That will Save in this World. 28 May 1939
311 How Germany Prepared to Destroy Britain and France. 17 September 1939
2 The Tragedy of Poland. 24 September 1939
3 The United States and Her Neutrality. 1 October 1939
4 Germany's Murderous Delusion of Grandeur, 8 October 1939
5 Why Doesn't God Stop the War? 15 October 1939
6 Finland, the Finns and Russia. 22 October 1939
7 The Revolution of Nihilism: First in a Series of Three Lectures Reviewing 'The Revolution of Nihilism' by Dr. Hermann Rauschning. 29 October 1939
8 Hitler's Drive Towards Rule and Ruin: Second in a Series of Three Lectures Reviewing 'The Revolution of Nihilism' by Dr. Hermann Rauschning. 5 November 1939
9 The Churches of Christ in a world at War. 12 November 1939
10 The Nazi Plan to Grab the World: Third Lecture in a Series of Three Lectures on the Book ' The Revolution of Nihilism' by Dr. Hermann Rauschning. 19 November 1939
11 What is the Meaning of the Cross? 26 November 1939
12 A Plan for Plenty. 3 December 1939
13 The Great Missionary Humbug. 10 December 1939
14 Was Jesus Sent to the Planet Mars? 17 December 1939. T.S. December 1958
15 Did A God Send the Earthquake to Turkey? 7 January 1940. T.S. October '66; "Used as God and the Chicago School Fire, T.S. January 1959"
16 Just What has Happened in Russia? 14 January 1940
17 Russia in Chains. 21 January 1940
18 Stalin's Secret Police System. 28 January 1940
19 Stalin's Massacre of the Innocents. 4 February 1940
20 Why Humanity is Abandoning God. 11 February 1940
21 Can Germany Win the War? 18 February 1940
22 Social Science: Savior of Democracy. 25 February 1940
23 An Hour Behind the Story of Jesus. 3 March 1940. T.S. June 1958
24 Stalin: The Gangster's Road to Power. 17 March 1940
25 The Bolsheviks Become Masters of Russia. 24 March 1940
26 Intelligence, Civilization and the Future. 31 March 1940
27 Can Britain Win the War? 7 April 1940
28 The Bertrand Russell Case. 14 April 1940
29 Norway, the Norwegians and the War. 21 April 1940
30 Denmark - the Danes and Their Civilization. 28 April 1940
Miscellaneous Writings of M.J. Gauvin
321 Writings of Uncertain Authorship:

"1933 Psalm (23rd Psalm)"

"Our World" - verse

"On a Quiet Sunday Afternoon"

"On an Anything but Quiet Tuesday Afternoon" - leaves 2-16 captioned "M.J.G."

"Honesty" - verse

"Directed to the Supreme Keeper of the Threshold"

2 Unassigned pages (quarto)
3 Unassigned Pages (Octavo)
4-5 Untitled Treatise on Free Thought, Chapters 1-7, Typescript,

2 copies

6 Mss/Typescript Draft of Free Thought Treatise, Chapters 1-7
7 Mss/Typescript Draft of Free Thought Treatise, Chapter 8
8 Loose-leaf binder: 5 leaves of miscellaneous notes; Outline of 17 lessons in public speaking
Miscellaneous Mss Notes: A-C
331 anti-Semitism
2-3 Bible O.T.
4-5 Bible N.T.
6-7 Book Titles
8 Catholic Church
9 Christianity
10 Church and State
11 Church History
12-13 Communism/Soviet Union
Miscellaneous Mss Notes: E-Z
341 Economic, Political, Social Topics
2 Evolution
3-4 Free Thought, Rationalism
5 History
6 Law
7 Names and addresses
8-9 Persons
10 Public Speaking
11 Race
12 Religion
13 Science
14-15 Sermons, etc.
16 Spiritualism
17 Sunday
18 Superstition
19 Vocabulary
20 Miscellaneous Topics
21-22 Miscellaneous Sheets
Typescript Notes on Readings
351 Religion
2 Soviet Union
3 Spanish Civil War
4 Miscellaneous Topics
5 Looseleaf Binder #1
6 Looseleaf Binder #2
7 Looseleaf Binder #3
361 Names and addresses (Winnipeg Rationalist Society, 1929-1931)
2 Names and addresses (Winnipeg Rationalist Society, 1934-1935)
3 Mailing lists
4 Rents 1944; Carpentry notes.
4 Employment, rents 1945
4 Notes from 1954 European tour
5 Names and addresses
5 Names and addresses; notes on readings
6 Names and addresses; notes on readings
6 Names & addresses
6 Miscellaneous notes
7-11 Notes on sermons, readings, etc.

(9 notebooks)

371-4 Notes on sermons, readings, etc,
5-8 Vocabulary (8 notebooks)
9 Vocabulary (3 notebooks)
9 Shorthand notes; notes on music
10 Shorthand notes (2 notebooks)
Published Writings of M.J. Gauvin
381 The Aims of Freethought. 1920.

2 copies

2 An Appeal for Truth in Religious Teaching. 1909.

2 copies

3 The Bible a Dangerous Moral Guide. 1919
3 The Bible a Dangerous Moral Guide. 1927
4 Christianity, the World's Fast Fading Faith. 1917.

2 copies

5 The Church and the Workingman. 1917.

2 copies

6 The Clergy Under Fire.

3 copies

7 The Clergy Under Fire [later? printing] 3 copies
8 Did Jesus Christ Really Live? 1st ed.

3 copies

9 Did Jesus Christ Really Live? 2nd ed.

2 copies

10 Did Jesus Christ Really Live? 1919

2 copies

11 Did Jesus Christ Really Live? 1925.

3 copies

12 Did Jesus Christ Rise from the Dead? 1919.

3 copies

13 The Ethics of Evolution. 1st ed.

2 copies

14 The Gauvin-Olson Debates on God and the Bible. 1921
15 The Heart of the Bible
16 Is There a Life After Death? 1919.

3 copies

16 Is There a Life After Death? 1921
17 Is There a Real God? 1918
17 Is There a Real God? 1921
18 The Jew: Is He A Menace to Civilization? 1922.

2 copies

19 One Hundred Contradictions in the Bible. 2nd ed.
19 One Hundred Contradictions in the Bible. 1922
20 An Open Letter to Rev, Prof. F.W. Kerr. 1931.

3 copies

21 Rationalism: the Religion of Reason. 1916.

2 copies

22 Scoring the Ministers
23 Should Public Schools do Church Work? by P. Kinney, A. Schmid, M.J. Gauvin, C. Smith and W. Teller. 1947
24 Spain's Struggle for Democracy. 1937.

2 copies

25 The Story of Evolution. 2 copies
26 The Struggle Between Religion and Science. 1923
27 What Has Christianity Done For Woman? 2nd ed.
28 Where is Hell? In Another World or In This? 1926.

2 copies

29 Why the World is at War, and Why the United States and the Allies Must Win. Rev. and Enl. 1918.

2 copies

30 Does Science Make It Harder to Believe in God? by M.J. Gauvin, and E.C. Hunter (in Question Mark, February 1944)
31 Did A Devil Tempt a God: reply to Sheen, II. 1954
31 Evangelism Without Hell. 1954
31 The Freewill Defence of God. 1945
31 An Open Letter to the Clergy of the United Church in Winnipeg. 1931
31 The Priests Forged the Laws of Moses. 1955
31 Religious Instruction Menaces the Public Schools. 1946.

2 copies

31 'Sensism' reviewed. 1956.

3 copies

31 The Ten Commandments and the Lord's Prayer. 1946
31 Vindication of Thomas Jefferson. 1947
32 Letters to editors
33 Rejoinders to Gauvin's letters to editors

Return to Top


Of the many journals, pamphlets and miscellaneous writings originally included in the Gauvin Collection, there have been retained with his papers primarily items dealing with religion and free thought in the following formats: 1) isolated issues of journals and association records; 2) offprints, and articles and notices clipped from journals and newspapers; 3) private printings and typescripts.

Journals: A-H
391 The Alliance Witness. 25 June 1969
2 The American Freeman. No. 2002. July 1939
3 Appeal to Reason. V. 1, no, 6,7. Oct., Nov. 1964
4 Awake! 22 July 1950
5 Balanced Living. v. 16, no. 8. Sept. 1960
6 The Beacon. v. 2, no. 9. Sept. 1956
7 Behind the Headlines. no. K-247, K-254
8 The Bill. v. 5, no. 3. Feb. 1933
9 Birth Control Review. May 1921
10 The Bulletin Board. vo. 1, no. 3. May 1958
11 Cahiers des amis de Han Ryner. no. 32. 1954
12 The Canadian Humanist. v. 1, no. 3. April 1965
13 The Canadian Intelligence Service. v. 4, no. 5. May 1954
14 Canadian Unitarian. Winter 1973
15 The Carpenter. May, Sept. 1945
16 Christian Crusade. v. 8, no. 4. June 1956
17 Christopher News Notes. no. 59, 62, 65. May, Nov. 1954, March 1955
18 Church and State. v. 7, no. 11. Dec. 1954
19 Civic News. no. 4, 7. 15 Aug. 1936, 31 May 1937
20 The Communicator. June 1974, January 1975
21 The Constitutional American. no. 2. Sept.-Oct. 1965
22 The Debater. v. 2, no. 2. Mar.-June 1961
23 The Ethical Message. Jan. 1934
23 News and Notes. August 1954
24 L'Europe Reelle. no. 20. Dec. 1959
25 Fact. no. 41, 42, 43. Jan., Feb., Mar. 1962
26 The Family Bible Teacher. no. 24
27 La Flame Purificatrice. no. 35, 47. Oct.-Dec. 1955, 1958
28 The Free Humanist. v. 5, no. 7 July 1963
29 Free Mind. v. 5, no. 1. Jan. 1957
30 Free Thought Magazine. March 1896
31 Freedom and Unity. v. 1, no. 2. Feb.-Apr. 1941
31 Freedom. v.2, no.4. Feb.-Apr. 1943
32 The Freeman. June, August 1956
33 The Freethinker. v.1, no.4. April 1959
34 Haldeman-Julius Quarterly. v.1, no-4. July-Sept. 1927
35 The Herald of the Star. v.13, no.6. June 1924
36 Hicall. 10 Nov. 1957
37 Horizon. v.1, no.11. July 1942
38 The Humanist Bulletin. v.2, no.3,4. June, Autumn 1940
39 The Humanist Friend. Jan.-Feb. 1940 v.7, no.1.
40 Humanist World Digest. v.24, no.2. May 1956
41 Hydro News. v.21, no.11. Nov. 1944
Journals: I-R
401 In Brief. Sept. 1949; 1951; Oct.,Nov., 1952; Jan.1953
2 The Indian Thinker. v.9, no. 10. 1 June 1941
3 The Interpreter. v.11, no.5. May 1954
4 The Interpreter. Sept. 1935
5 The Journal of Sex Education. v.4, no.3. Dec.-Jan. 1951/2
6 The Left News. no.25. May 1938
7 Liberal Newsletter. Feb. 1952
8 Life Science. v.6, no.14. Sept.-Oct. 1965
9 Live. 10 Nov. 1957
10 MTC Newsletter. v.2, no.1. Sept. 1972
11 M.U.M. v.43, no.5. Oct. 1953
12 Maclaskey's Shorthand Refresher. v.1, no.1. Jan. 1943
13 Manas. v.9, no.43. 24 Oct. 1956
14 Modern Thinker. v.1, no.2. Aug. 1936
15 Moore’s Journal: The Unknown. no.8. 1935
16 National Renaissance Bulletin. v.6, no.11. Nov. 1955
17 News Letter. n.s,v.1, no.4. 23 Apr. 1938
18 Northern Technocrat. no.23. July-Aug. 1939
19 The Northwest Technocrat. no.160. July 1950
20 Notes from FEE. 19 Jan., 25 May 1953
21 The Periodical World. Nov. 1935
22 The Philadelphia Rationalist. May 1947
23 Plain Talk. Aug. 1948
24 The Plain View. v.9, no.2. Autumn 1954
25 Popular Sex Science. v.1, no.4, June 1939
26 Practical Psychology Monthly, v.2, no.3. May 1937
27 The Present Truth. v.1, no.12
28 The Prophetic Voice, v.28, no.5. Dec. 1969
29 The Rationalist. no.1, 8. 10 Apr., 20 July 1912
30 The Rationalist. . v.25, no.3; 37, no.3; 37, no.12; 39, no.12 July 1949; June-July 1952; Mar.-Apr. 1954; Sept-Oct. 1956
31 Reason. n.s.v.2, no.l. Jan. 1938
32 Religious Digest. v.3, no.7-10; 8, no.50. July 1936; Nov. 1939
33 Roycroft. v.4, no.5. July 1919
Journals: S-Z
411 Science of Mind. v.32, no.7. July 1959
2 Secular Life. no.1. March 1956
3 Secular Subjects. no.317. Aug. 1976
4 The Standard. v.26,no.5; 27,no.3; 39, no.l. Feb. Dec. 1940; Oct.-Nov. 1952
5 Superior Intelligence. no.3. Nov. 1971
6 The Sword of the Lord. v.36, no.14, 28, 29, 32, 36, 44, 46, 48, 49, 50. Mar.-Dec. 1970
7 Tabernacle Tidings. v.1, no.1. May 1927
8 Technocracy Briefs. v.1, no.11. Mar.-Apr. 1947
9 Technocracy Digest. no. 138. Nov. 1950
10 Telephone Topics. v.1, no.1. Sept. 1949
11 L'Unique. no. 83-84. avr.-mai. 1954
11 L'Unique. Supplement aux no.111-112 , 115-117, 120-121, 124-125
12 Unitarian Universalist World. v.1, no.14, 17; v.4, no.20; v.5, no.7; v.9, no.6. 1970-1978
13 Unity. v.121, no.6, 11; 147, no.1. 1 Aug., 16 May 1938; Mar.-Apr. 1961
14 The Universalist News. v.2, no.9. June 1938
15 Views and Comments. no.15,16,17. July-Sept. 1956
16 Vital Reading.
17 The Watchtower. v.90, no,16.
18 Without the Camp. no.246. Apr.-June 1958
19 Witness. Oct.-Nov. 1972
20 World. v.2, no.5. May 1935
21 Your Faith, v.1, no,1. March 1939
421 Amateur Astronomers Association
1 American Association for the Advancement of Atheism
1 American Ethical Union
1 American Humanist Association
1 American Museum of Natural History
2 American Protestant Defense League
3 American Secular Union
3 American Turnerband
3 American Unitarian Association
4 Atlantic Union Committee
4 British-Israel
4 Canadian Rationalist Society
4 The Christophers
5 Citizen's Committee on Manitoba Schools
6 Citizens' Defense Movement
7 Congres national de la libre pensee
8 Crusade for Freedom
8 Eugenics Publishing Company
9 Freethought Press Association
9 Haldeman-Julius Publications
10 Catalog of Little Blue Books for 1930
10 Little Blue Books Catalogs
11 Advertisements
12 Advertisements
13 Sales Advertisements
14 Humanist Press Association
15 Institute of Human Fellowship
15 International Humanist and Ethical Union
15 International Society of Seekers of the Truth
16 Knights of Columbus
16 League of Nations Society
16 Left Book Club
16 Liberal Party of Canada
16 Life Science International
17 National Council for the Abolition of the Death Penalty
18 National Liberal League
18 National Renaissance Party
18 National Secular Society
19 New Democratic Party
19 Pan American Airways
19 Pittsburgh Rationalist Society
19 Progressive Conservative Society
20 Protestants and Other Americans United for Separation of Church and State
21 Rationalist Press Association
21 Rationalist Association of North America
22 Religious Liberty; Royal Arcanum
23 Society of Separationists
23 Technocracy inc.
23 Thomas Paine National Historical Association
23 Twin City Rationalist Society
24 Twin City Secularists
24 Unitarianism
25 United Brotherhood of Carpenters and Joiners
25 Western Memorial Community Centre
25 Winnipeg and District Trades and Labour Council
26 Winnipeg Conference for the Repeal of Section 98 of the Criminal Code
26 Winnipeg Rationalist Society
27 Winnipeg Humanist Society
28 World Union of Freethinkers
Clergy Sermons
431-17 J.S. Bonnell 1929-1946


















18-21 J.W. Clarke [1936?]-[1938?]




[Oct. 1938?]

22 H.A. Frame 6.2.38
23 J. & R. Fraser 8.2.33
24 A.E. Kerr 15.2.31
25-32 F.W. Kerr 1928-1932


22.9.29; 6.10.29

13.10.29; 24.11.29

28.9.30; 12.10.30

23.11.30; 30.11.30




33 R.J.E. McKnight 14.10.30
34 P.C. Morgan 22.9.29
35 P.C. Morgan undated
36 Olsen 2.3.30
37-38 D.E. Olson

6.3.29 (?);

8.4.29 (?)

13.4.29 (?);

15.4.29 (?)

39 E.J. Springett (?), undated
40 J.N. Sturk 6.1.29
41 J.P. Thomas 20.1.29
42 F.R. Wood (1937)
43 unidentified
Writings by Others
44A1 Judas Priest, by George B. Adams
Arthur Garfield Hays, by Roger N. Baldwin
Because the Bible Tells Me So, by W. Ball
What Does Your Handwriting Reveal, by G.A. Belcher
The "Improved" ideal graphological chart, by G.A. Belcher
To The Most Reverend Roman Catholic Bishops of The United States, by Ira D. Cardiff
Religion Bars Population Control, by Ira D. Cardiff
Friday Morning, by Sidney Carter; and If I Were God, by Sam Hill
The Two-Hour War, by Stuart Chase
44A2 Extract of a lecture given of Bruno's day "upon some essentials of the Christian religion", by A.P. Condon
A Tribute to Doctor Albert P. Condon, by Laurance Plank
44A3 De Tocqueville's Heavy Burden, by James E. Curry
An Explanation for Young People, by Mary Ware Dennett
44A4 Age of Reason, by H.B. Dodd: program no. 2,6-8, 13-16, 18-22; Financial Report
4 The Phonision Philosopher's Stone (etc.), by Vera Edens
5 The Perpetual Calendar (etc.), by Willard E. Edwards
6 Taxing Church Property, by G.A. Field
6 My Religion, by P.J. Fishback
6 Much in Little, by J.P. Hanley
6 The Creed of a Young Englishman, by John Heygate
6 Ditches Dug Deep (etc.), by Maud Howe
6 Two Paths to Salvation, by Frank C. Hughes
7 Quotations from Robert G. Ingersoll
7 All The Fat and Shiny Preachers, by Ivanhoe
8 Freedom's Greatest Enemy, by J.H. Johnson
8 Religion is a Gigantic Fraud, by J.H. Johnson
8 Religious Brain Stuffing, by J.H. Johnson
8 Twisted Minds, by J.H. Johnson
9 The Jewish Question, by Zara Judah
9 Mottos, by Melvin L. Kathan
9 What About the Values, by C.H. Knowlton
9 Thomas Paine, World Citizen, by Joseph Lewis
9 The Reality of the Unseen, by Sir Oliver Lodge
10 Man in Nature and Behavior, by J.M. Martinez
10 Twenty-third Psalm Revised, by Senator McMillen
10 Canadian Unity (etc.) by J.A. McNeill
11 Little Lessons in Lunacy (etc.), by H.R. Orr
11 A Great Scottish Philosopher, by David Owens
11 Back Tracking a Tract (etc.), by Zale Portico
12 Values in Scientific Thinking, by M.B. Rogers
12 The Limerick Bible, by B.M. Saner
12 Jews to Give Christ the Lie, by L. Schuyler
12 The Gods, by L. Sprague de Camp
12 Heroism, by C.P. Stetson
13 The Bible in the Balance, by Charles Smith
13 Wall of Separation between Church and State, by Charles Smith
13 Why Read the Bible in the Public Schools?, by Charles Smith
14 Money Mad, by Bianca Van Beuren
15 Dictionary of Theology, by Voltaire
15 Washington's Prayer, by S.D. Wakefield
15 As a Chain . . ., by W.S. Watson
16 Ce qu'il faut dire au monde!
16 Christless Culture
16 Concerning Religion and Future Existence
16 Figures Don't Lie
16 Less we Forget!
16 Patience and Economy
16 The Pope Arrives at Never-never Land
16 Quelques Developpements Recents de l'attitude du Christianisme envers la science
16 Smith, Soapy (Jefferson Randall) con man
16 You Are Telling Us
17 Song Sheets
18 Tracts: Evangelical
19 Tracts: Miscellaneous
20 Tracts: Rationalist
21 Tracts: Roman Catholic
22 A Calendar of Ancient Wisdom
44B23 The Activity of God, by J. Scott Lidgett
23 After Other Gods, by Wickham Steed
23 America and Roman Catholicism, IV, by Charles Fama
23 American Women and Religion, by A.M. Royden
23 Animals Tried as Criminals, by H. Hibschman
23 Bigotry is Un-American, by F.J. Spellman
23 Billy(Goat) Graham is Coming to Town, by J. Lewis
24 C.I.O., by Henry Somerville
24 Can Morals be Taught, by A.C. White and C.M. Bakewell
24 Can the Individual Control His Conduct, by C. Darrow and T.V. Smith
24 Canadian Catholics and Communism, by W.X. Bryan
24 The Case for the Heathen, by P.K. Mok
24 The Catholic Spirit in American Literature, by M. Williams
24 Catholicism in Massachusetts, by K. Sargent
24 The Christ and the Buddha, by K.J. Saunders
24 Christ or Socrates? by S. Raven
24 The Christianity of Christ, by J.S.L. Strackey
24 Christianity versus Missions, by E.H. Hume
25 The Church and Sex, by L. Keating
25 Church and State, by Phillimore
25 The Church and the Criminal, by G.S. Dashwood
25 The Church at Bay, by G.S. Russell
25 Cleanthes, a Religious Genius, by W.J. Ferrar
25 A Compartment World, by F. McEachran
25 Conflicting Tendencies in the Church of England
25 The Conquest of the Aztec Gods, by E. Zangwill
25 A Criticism of Bertrand Russell's "New Morality", by W.C. Bruce
25 The Crucifixion, by E. Dujardin
25 The Crucifixion of the Catholic Mind, by S. Baldwin
26 Decline of American Protestantism, by C. Stelzle
26 A Discussion of Religion, by J. Needham and C. Lamont
26 Do the Churches Prevent Crime?, by J.R. Miner
26 Does Life Spell Accident or Design?, by A.W. Slaten
26 The Ethics Of Coercion, by C.J. Cadoux
26 Experiment in Transplanted Religions, by F. Dickie
26 The Functions of Religion in Modern Life, by J.B. Pratt
26 Fundamentalist and Modernist, by W.T. Manning
26 God Save the Church! by D.C. Colony
26 The Gospels and History, by L.J. Collins
26 The Grace of God, by J.W. Lidgett
26 The Great Pyramid's Prophecy and its Fulfilment, by D. Davidson
27 Has Man An Immortal Soul? by T.A. Edison
27 Heresy in Art
27 The Heyday of the Fortune Tellers, by T. Hoke
27 How the Jew Does It, by M. Steinberg
27 I Wonder if Jesus Meant Us! by P.E. Piper
27 Is Preaching a Valid Method, by E . C. Lindeman
27 Isn't Thomism Outmoded? by J. Aumann
27 The Liberal-Modernist View of Jesus, by R.A. Edwards
27 Lo! The Poor Cleric! by P.T. Fenn
27 The Lord's Day Alliance, by C. Darrow
27 Mr. Jackson Refutes Father Smith, by H.R. Rafton
28 Newman in Fetters, by J.F. Mozley
28 No Indian, No Automobile -- but Wait! by L. Burbank
28 An Observer Warns the Church, by R.W. Brown
28 On Criticizing the Vatican, by L. Fernsworth
28 One Year in the Ministry
28 An Oriental Looks at Christian Missions, by J.J. Cornelius
28 The Origin of the Bible Text, by F. Kenyon
29 The Pan-Ionic Festival at Ephesus, by C. Whitaker-Wilson
29 The Papal Encyclical on Labor
29 The Papal Monarchy, by W.A. Phillips
29 The Pope and the Presidency
29 The Pope's Encyclical on Education
29 The Predicament of the Clergy, by C.W. Ferguson
29 Protestantism's Slide to Avernus, by W.H. Gregory
30 The Register of Archbishop Parker, by W.H. Hutton
30 Religion and Man's Origin, by C.G. Abbott; and, The Bible and Science, by G.S. Duncan
30 Religion and the Life of Civilization, by C. Dawson
30 Religion and the Public Schools, by V.T. Thayer
30 Religion Meets Science, by J.S. Huxley
30 The Religion of American Democracy; and, Am I A Jew? by H.A.S. Kennedy
30 The Religion of Reality, by A, Esdaile
30 Religion Without God? by H.E. Fosdick
30 Renan and the Fourth Gospel, by V. Taylor
30 Reviews
30 The Right of Resistance to the State, by L. Sturzo
31 Sacramental Christianity: A Criticism, by E. Grubb
31 Should Catholic Priests Marry? by M. O'Neill
31 The Soviet Failure in Freedom, by Henry Somerville
31 Spiritualism Put to Proof, by G. Heard
31 Success and Failure of Liberalism
31 Sweetness and Light -- Sixty-six Years After, by J.T. Adams
31 Tabu and the Jews, by J. Franklyn
31 Through a Glass Darkly, by F.S. Weston
31 Tithe
31 To What Do We Pray, by J. Powers
31 Turning Points of Theology, by J.S. Lidgett
32 The Vanishing Clergy, by J. Richelsen
32 The Vision of Judgment, by Quevedo Redivivus
32 What is a Fundamentalist; and, Why I Am an Unbeliever, by C. Van Doren
32 What is an Agnostic? by B. Russell
32 What Price Religion? by W.G. Drake
32 Why Hate the Jew, by S. Bent
32 Why We Stay Away from Church, by D. Clark
32 You Christians, by Lala Ji
451 1900-1919
2 1920-1929
3-12 1930-1939
13 1940-1945
14 1946-1949
15 1950's
16-18 1950-1952
19 1953: January-June
20 1953: July-October
21 1953: November-December
22 1954: January-March
23 1954: April-June
24 1954: July-September
25 1954: October-December
26 1955: January
27 1955: February
28 1955: March
29 1955: April
30 1955: May-July
31 1955: October-December
461-4 1956-1959
5 1960's
6-12 1960-1966
13 1967-1969
14 1970-1978
15 undated
16-18 Book Advertisements

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Photograph Collection (PC 36) [ca. 1870]-[ca. 1978]
11 M.J. Gauvin, by Mecca, Indianapolis
2 M.J. Gauvin, by Campbell's, Winnipeg
3 M.J. Gauvin, by Campbell's, Winnipeg
4 M.J. Gauvin, by Eaton's, Winnipeg (?)
4 M.J. Gauvin (?) (pencil sketch)
5 Israel and Madeleine (Dorion) Govang (?) with seven of their offspring, by LeBlanc, Moncton
6 Israel Govang (?), by Northrup, Moncton
7 M.J. Gauvin
7 M.J. and Bertha L. (Becker) Gauvin
7 M.J. and B.L. Gauvin
7 M.J. and B.L. Gauvin; unidentified man, woman, child
8 Madeleine Suzanne Gauvin
8 M.S. Gauvin
8 M.S. Gauvin (1934)
8 M.S. Gauvin
8 M.S. Gauvin, unidentified woman, doll
8 M.S. Gauvin
8 doll
8 doll
9 Suzanne Govang (1899), by Hastings, Newton, Mass.
9 Suzanne Govang, by Hastings, Newton, Mass.
10 Suzanne Govang, (?), by Crandall, Moncton
11 Emma (Govang) Doucet (1900), by Putnam, Chelsea, N.B.
11 Emma and Kathleen Doucet (?), by Crandall, Moncton
11 Ramond Charles Belliveau [1931?]
12 Nora (Becker) Gartside (1944)
12 Raymond Gartside (?)
12 Rhoda (Becker) Mamaux
12 Rhoda (Becker) Mamaux
12 Phyllis (Turnbaugh) and Mickey (1952)
12 Phyllis (Turnbaugh) and Mickey (1952)
12 Butch, Bud (1952)
13 Katrena (Mixon) Kinsey and Louise [1945?]
13 Barbara Kinsey [1954?]
13 Paul, Ethel, David Nicoden
13 Marie (Nicoden) Gordon, and Bill
13 Jeanne Nicoden (1944)
14 Beatrice Otis (?), by Musman (?), New York
14 Elizabeth (Becker) Matthews (1937)
14 E. Matthews (1938)
14 E. Matthews (1939)
14 Clyde Matthews (1938)
14 C. Matthews, Mrs. Matthews, Hazel (1939)
14 E. Matthews (?) (1937)
14 Private sitting room, Royal York Hotel (1937)
14 Elizabeth (Becker) Gianelloni
14 S.J. Gianelloni, and Rafael (1951)
14 S.J. Gianelloni (1952)
14 S.J. Gianelloni III (1952)
14 Gianelloni residence
15 Judith (niece of May Howlett), with infant
15 Judith, unidentified girl
15 Judith, unidentified girl
15 child
15 child
15 Grace Charnley (?)
15 Jim, Mary Jane, Vernon (1950)
15 Unidentified man, woman, boy (1948)
15 Pocahontas Staufft (1942)
15 Pocahontas Staufft (?)
15 Unidentified young woman
16 Allegheny Observatory, with Peter Biginelli (1949)
16 James Hervey Johnson (1972)
16 Gertrude Renwick with grandson (1944)
16 Gertrude Renwick and Gail (1944)
16 Mrs. Rynehart and Gail (1944)
16 Maude S. Richter (1955)
16 George Seibel speaking at banquet in Cologne (1928)
16 Lucille Sellvig (1962)
16 Lucille Sellvig (?)
17 Maurice Burchell, Chuck Shelding, Ed Russenholt
17 George S. Carlton (1936)
17 Mr. and Mrs. W.F. Davis
17 R.G. Ingersoll
17 Statue of Voltaire, Verney, France
18 Corinne Condon
18 Helen Martin, Frances Juanita (?)
18 Martha and Roy Lanham, Frank Newton and Jon (1956)
19 Roy Lanham, Frank and Mary Newton and child (1956)
19 Roy Lanham, Frank Newton on "temple site" (1956)
19 Newton children in front of the "mission" (1956)
19 Newton children inside the "mission" (1956)
20 Unidentified soldier flanked by two girls, by Lister, Moncton
20 Unidentified young woman
20 Unidentified woman
20 Libby Culbertson Macdonald
20 Two unidentified women
20 Unidentified woman

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