Call Number: Mss 245 (A.07-22)
Title: William F. Hanna fonds.
Extent: 5 cm of textual records.
Biographical sketch: William Fielding Hanna was
an outstanding Canadian scientist who contributed to the advancement
of cereal crop production in western Canada and in Njoro region
(Kenya), Africa. He was born on November 12, 1892 in Middle Musquodoboit,
Nova Scotia and graduated from a Dalhousie University (Arts, Law)
in 1914. During the First World War, William Hanna served with the
Canadian Corps Cyclists; Cameron Highlanders; Royal Flying Corps;
and Royal Air Force (1914-1918).
After the war, he began farming in Alberta and became interested
in potential research in botany, plant pathology, soil, and climate
sciences to improve agricultural production in the prairie's provinces.
His interests let him to begin his study at the University of Alberta.
He graduated from the University with B.Sc. (1922) and M. Sc. Honours
(1923), winning the Governor General's gold medal. Being awarded
the first scholarship by the Canadian Society of Technical Agriculturists,
he moved to Winnipeg (1923) and worked on his doctoral and post-doctoral
degrees to do special mycological research in Professor Reginald
Buller's laboratory at the University of Manitoba (1923-1924). In
1930's William Hanna also studied at the Imperial College of Science,
London, U.K.; the University of Minnesota, U.S.; and the Heidelberg
During the Second World War, he was a reserve pilot and a Group
Captain and Director of Plans R.C.A.F. (1939-45). He was instrumental
in organizing flight training and planning strategic multilateral
air defense and was a commander of the 112th Squadron R.C.A.F. William
Hanna received international recognition as a decorated Officer
of the United States Legion of Merit.
Following the Second World War, he returned to Winnipeg and became
an Officer-in Charge of the Dominion Laboratory of Plant Pathology,
Science Service, Canada Department of Agriculture. His appointment
as Chief of the Botany and Plant Pathology Division (1952-1958)
prompted him to move to Ottawa. After his retirement he relocated
to a farm near Bridgetown, Nova Scotia but still was conducting
the research project for the Agriculture Canada. In 1966-1968 he
headed a multi-organization - the Canada External Aid, Rockefeller
Foundation at the University of Manitoba. His team was responsible
for wheat breeding project including training. William Hanna became
an advisor to Kenya's Minister of Agriculture. The program produced
rust-resisting varieties of wheat suited specifically to East Africa's
(Njoro region) climate conditions. Dr. William Hanna's scientific
work was widely recognized. He received the Order of Canada (1969).
He published more than fifty scientific papers and was a popular
speaker. As a speaker he was invited to attend the U.S.S.R. Science
Congress in Moscow (1954). His perspective of humanitarian potentials
of science enabled him to form many cooperative bonds between international
research groups. The University of Manitoba established the Dr.
W. F. Hanna Memorial Lectures to recognize his contribution to the
University of Manitoba. He died in 1972.
Custodial history: The fonds was donated to the
University of Manitoba Archives & Special Collections by Rosemary
Hanna in 2007.
Scope and contents: The fonds consists of Dr.
William F. Hanna's orrespondence; Dr. J.H. Craigie's correspondence;
and A.H. Reginal Buller's biographies; his "Memorandum
on the Rust Disease of Wheat"; and his verses.
Related materials: Faculty of Agricultural and
Food Sciences fonds (UA 21) and A.H. Reginald Buller fonds (Mss
Restrictions: No restrictions on access.