of Women as Educators at Elementary, High School and Post
the creation of the Public School System in Manitoba, more
work in teaching became available to women. Teaching was seen,
however, as a low prestige occupation due to low pay scales
and a lack of recognition of the value of teachers’
work. This situation worsened during the Depression when the
tax base for public school funding plummeted. During this
time, women were paid on a lower salary scale than men making
the work situation even more difficult for them. Some women
began to take a leadership role in trying to change these
conditions, including Aileen Garland (a teacher and later
teacher educator), Margery Brooker (the first female inspector
of schools in Canada), Sybil Shack (a dedicated and long-time
school administrator in Winnipeg and President of the Manitoba
Teachers’ Society), and Ruth Emsch (a dominant figure
in Manitoba’s rural education community). The work of
these women and many others improved teaching conditions and
raised the prestige of teaching not only for women but for
men as well.
last century, teaching has become a valued profession in Manitoba.
The preparation of teachers has gone from a one year program
after Grade Twelve to a minimum five year university program.
Teachers’ salaries are now respectable. Leadership for
the changes has come from The Manitoba Teachers’ Society
and other leadership groups in the educational community.
98% of all teachers in the province now have one or more degrees
continue to play more and more leadership roles in all levels
discussion on the history of female educators in Manitoba,
with a particular emphasis on rural school teacher Jessie
McDermott, see Carolyn L. Crippen's dissertation Three
Women Pioneers in Manitoba: Evidence of Servant-Leadership.