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Map out your career pathway from the start of your academic journey!

Get the information you need for academic planning and connect with experiences to develop the knowledge, skills and attributes that employers are seeking.

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General Science at the U of M


The Bachelor of Science General degree at the University of Manitoba will provide you with a comprehensive education in science with the ability to concentrate in two of the following subject areas: Biological Sciences, Chemistry, Computer Science, Mathematics, Microbiology, Physics and Astronomy and/or Statistics. The Bachelor of Science General degree is a good option if you want a general education in the natural and/or mathematical sciences, or if you plan to enter a program that requires a degree. The Bachelor of Science General degree is not intended for students who want to practice in a field of specialization.

Skills you will gain by studying GENERAL SCIENCES

  • The ability to safely operate complex equipment, and follow technical manuals with accuracy and proficiency
  • The ability to collect, analyze and interpret data using statistical analysis, and make reasoned judgements on the basis of the available data
  • The ability to think critically and apply both scientific and mathematical theories to solve complex problems
  • The ability to communicate effectively both verbally, by giving effective presentations, and in writing, by preparing technical reports


This resource is meant as a guide to provide suggestions throughout your time at university. Develop a plan and timeline that suits you best. Make intentional choices for your courses and work experiences.

* Refer to the Academic Calendar for a complete list of program requirements.

Year 1 - 30 credit hours



Course requirements: 24 credit hours of introductory science courses (6 credit hours in four science subject areas)*

To do this year:

  1. If you are deciding between a 3-year or 4-year degree, choose courses from the Balanced or Focused Approach course lists in the First Year Planning Guide.
  2. When selecting introductory level courses, choose courses that will provide you with the prerequisites for advanced level course work.
  3. If you need academic support, visit one of the Help Centres, or attend a Supplementary Instruction session through the Academic Learning Centre.


Start planning your career:

  1. Meet with a career consultant to generate career ideas based on your interests, values, personality and skills.
  2. Research occupations that match your skills and interests.
  3. Set up a careerCONNECT account to view job postings and register for workshops and events.
  4. Set up your Co-Curricular Record (CCR), an official record of university-approved activities.


Link experiences to your career interests. Options include:

  1. Student groups including UMSU and Science Students' Association.
  2. Join the University of Manitoba Volunteer Program to volunteer for Science, Engineering & Technology Day.
  3. Student work opportunities including Work-Study, STEP Services or Federal Student Work Experience Program.
  4. Experiential education opportunities such as Alternative Reading Week Winnipeg and the Student Leadership Development Program.


Considering international opportunities? Attend World Opportunities Week in November for information about opportunities around the world.

Explore communities and cultures you want to work with: Visit Migizii Agamik, the International Centre for Students or learn about local agencies via the Manitoba Contact Guide.


Year 2 - 60 credit hours



Course requirements: 36 credit hours of advanced level course work in two science subject areas (completed over year 2 & 3)*

To do this year:

  1. Consider focusing your education by selecting an area of concentration in biological sciences or chemistry and choosing advanced level courses within this stream.
  2. Considering a professional program? Refer to the Applicant Information Bulletin and meet with a Science Advisor to familiarize yourself with the pre-professional requirements of your intended program.


Make professional connections:

  1. Join the Career Mentor Program to learn from professionals.
  2. Attend career fairs to connect with employers.
  3. Develop professional connections with professors by applying for an Undergraduate Research Award.

Investigate your career options:

  1. Look at sample job postings to ensure you have the qualifications upon graduation.
  2. Develop employability and essential skills sought by employers.
  3. Create a LinkedIn profile to network with professionals.


Explore student research opportunities: Apply for a research assistant position, Undergraduate Research Award or NSERC grant.

Gain practical experience by volunteering: Check out Let's Talk Science, Winnipeg Regional Health Authority, WISH Clinic or environmental conservation and ecological organizations (e.g. Ducks Unlimited).

Check out student job opportunities with: City of Winnipeg, Mini U, Office of Rural and Northern Health and WISE Kid-Netic Energy.


Develop global career skills and expand intercultural learning: Consider an international student exchange, Alternative Reading Week Ecuador, Parks Canada Northern Engagement and Outreach Program, Wetland Ecology Field Course at Delta Waterfowl Station, My World Abroad or SWAP for a "working holiday".

Staying local? Check out the Wildlife Project in Churchill or the Leaf Rapids Service-Learning Experience. Consider learning a new language and culture through the Volunteer Language Exchange Program.


Year 3 - 90 credit hours



Course requirements: Complete advanced level course work and any outstanding program requirements*

To do this year: Confirm eligibility to graduate with a science advisor and declare intent to graduate in Aurora.


Market your skills: Develop your resumé and cover letter and refine your interview skills.

Start job search 9 months in advanced: Contact Career Services to refine your job search and self-marketing strategies. You can visit the office up to 6 months after graduation.

If you are continuing to a professional program: Finalize your application materials and search for funding and awards to help finance your continuing education. Contact your department to find out how their awards deadlines are advertised.


Search for job opportunities online: Check out Science.ca, Job Bank, Find My Job, Indeed or other search engines.

Use your network and connections: Inquire about unadvertised job openings (the "hidden job market").

Ensure you have references in place: Ask your professor for a reference or a letter of recommendation if you're applying to a professional program.

Assess your resumé: Identify any gaps in experience and fill them through volunteering, work placements or internships such as the Post-Secondary Recruitment Program.


Participate in the multicultural opportunities on campus: Attend International Week, participate in the Intercultural Development and Leadership Program, volunteer for the International Student Mentorship Program or take part in Graduation Pow-Wow.

Prepare to work in a multicultural environment: Visit Canada's National Research Centre for Truth and Reconciliation on campus or register for a Workplace Cultural Competence Workshop through Extended Education.


Sample Jobs





What Do Employers Want?


Industries such as business, education, pharmaceutical development, public health and medicine would value a general science degree in combination with the employability skills that are highly sought after by employers. These include:*

  • Oral and written communication
  • Numeracy and data use
  • Critical thinking
  • Problem solving
  • Teamwork
  • Digital technology
  • Industry specific knowledge
  • Continuous learning

Attain skills through your classroom education by taking advantage of experiential education opportunities.

*Information has been adapted from Employability Skills 2000+ and Workplace Education Manitoba – Essential Skills.



239 Machray Hall, 186 Dysart Road
(204) 474-8256, science_advisor@umanitoba.ca

Faculties, Departments and Schools

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On Campus Resources


Anna Liu

"Try different things to figure out what interests you. This could range from taking different science courses to participating in student groups or getting involved in research. Test the waters to find your passion and what you want to study." Anna Liu, general science student

Information for Career Counsellors (PDF)

General Science Compass (PDF)

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