The canon degree system assigns kinship on the sole basis of the larger of the number of links that either Ego or Alter can count back to their most recent common ancestor.
The number determining canon degree is calculated as the
larger of the number of links that either Ego or Alter can
trace back to his/her most recent common ancestor. |
In this case,
Canon degree numbers are applied to specific relationships as follows:
While the canon degree measure may seem less intuitively obvious than that of the civil system, it incorporates several features that are particularly appropriate to traditional European social organization. Firstly it places all nuclear family members in the same category, that of first order or primary kin, reflecting the salience of this inner social circle in Western traditions. Secondly, beyond this range, it maps out a nested series of stocks or bilateral descent groups stemming from Ego's ancestors at various degrees of removal and extending to relatives within Ego's own generation. Stocks have been recorded as significant social units in Celtic and Germanic Europe.