Matrilineal and Patrilineal Kin
A final essential distinction to be made is between matrilineal and
patrilineal kin, which differs substantially from the matrilateral and
- Patrilineal , or agnatic, relatives are identified by
tracing descent exclusively through males from a founding male ancestor.
- Matrilineal , or uterine, relatives are identified by
tracing descent exclusively through females from a founding female ancestor.
Matrilineal and Patrilineal
||Patrilineal Kin - linked through males.
||Matrilineal Kin - linked through
||Cross Relatives - cross sexed linked
Unlike the patrilateral and matrilateral grouping, these
connections are consistently traced through a single sexed relative.
there are kin on each side, who are neither patrilineal or matrilineal.
These are known as cross relatives. Among the members of this
cross cousins are of particular importance, especially for some
marriage systems we shall discuss. In the above diagram 19, 20,
27, and 28 are Ego's cross cousins while 21, 22,
25, and 26 are his parallel cousins. Cross cousins
can be identified as the children of opposite sexed siblings (of a brother
and sister) and parallel cousins as the children of same sexed siblings
(of two brothers or two sisters).
You have now reached the end of this unit.
© 1995 Brian Schwimmer
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